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Human impact, Greater Asian Mountains region 2000 and scenarios for 2030 Human impact, Greater Asian Mountains region 2000 and scenarios for 2030
Changes in the Greater Asian Mountains area with reduced biodiversity and ecosystem function as a result of human development in infrastructure and associated resource exploitation between 2000 and 2030, given different scenarios. Security first and Markest first indicate situations where market deiven forces determine rate and extent of development while policy first represents a moderate growth rate.
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Impact, Greater Asian Mountains region with specific examples Human Impact, Greater Asian Mountains region with specific examples
Presentation of areas where infrastructure development, intense land use or agriculture has resulted in biodiversity loss in the Greater Asiam Mountain region. The locations illustrate some of the great variety in the region and are presented in the 'Fall of the Water' report
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest boundaries in Northern Scandinavia Forest boundaries in Northern Scandinavia
Fennoscandia covers the northern region of scandinavia and the western part of the Barents region. The diferent types of forest covering and the political boundaries that are considered protected areas are shown on the map.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transport routes of POP and concerned areas Transport routes of POP and concerned areas
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) mainly Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), are brought into the Barents region and the whole of the Arctic region from many different locations.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population centres in the Barents Region Population centres in the Barents Region
The Barents Region is an European Region, populated by 4.4 million inhabitants. The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Dominating air currents Dominating air currents
The pollution from industrialized nations are affecting the environment in the Arctic region. The main areas of indutrial activity in the northern hemisphere are spreading to specific areas in the Arctic though air currents.
04 Oct 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ocean currents and sea ice extent Ocean currents and sea ice extent
Arctic Ocean circulate in a large clockwise rotational pattern moving from east to west around the polar ice cap. This rotating pattern, known as a gyre, occurs as a result of the clockwise winds that typically occur in this region. The Barents region is affected by this and the ice edge extent in the Arctic.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ecosystems in Northern Scandinavia and Finland Ecosystems in Northern Scandinavia and Finland
The map shows the range of nine different ecosystem types across Fennoscandia, the northern region of scandinavia and the western part of the Barents region. The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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SO2 air concentration SO2 air concentration
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a colourless gas with a sharp,irritating odour. It is produced from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) and the smelting of mineral ores that contain sulfur. There are several areas in the Barents region that have very high amounts of SO2 levels that have caused environmental problems.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest damage due to air pollution Forest damage due to air pollution
Air pollution has had an enormous impact of the forest in the Barents region. SPecifically there is alot of damage in Russia near the borders of Norway and Finland. The diagram shows areas of 'forest death' and the subsequent areas of varying levels of forest damage.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas the Barents Region Protected areas the Barents Region
There are pristine wilderness and unspoiled field and tundra landscapes, and the air and water in most parts of the Region is mainly clean. Several areas are protected for scientific research, park areas, and nature reserves and several more are being proposed as protected areas.
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forests and ecozones in the Barents Region Forests and ecozones in the Barents Region
The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway. This shows all the main ecozones of the region and their geographical coverage.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Arable land in the Baltic Sea region Arable land in the Baltic Sea region
Ratio of arable land out of total land use in the Baltic Sea drainage basin. Agriculture is one of the main contributors to the nutrient (in this case, primarily nitrogen) influx into the Baltic Sea, and thus a main driver for the eutrophication problems in the sea. The displays the situation at approximately 1990.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania
In an effort to bring back life to the degraded and over-used lands of the poor Shinyanga region of Tanzania, the government has brought back the traditional practice of Ngitili. Vegetation and trees are nurtured in enclosures and managed through the community. The practice initiative has been a success, through education, guidance and empowerment of local institutions. Not only are there benefits from the grown products, depicted in this figure,...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes
Shows the different levels of CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes from different regions. The major greenhouse gases are included within six sectors: Energy; Industrial Processes; Solvent and Other Product Use; Agriculture; Land Use Change and Forestry; and Waste. Contributing to emissions Historically the developed countries of the world have emitted most of the anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The U.S. emits most in t...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global atmospheric concentration of CO2 (outtake) Global atmospheric concentration of CO2 (outtake)
Chart showing the increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere from 1870 to 2004 and predicted levels to the year 2100. Historically the developed countries of the world have emitted most of the anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The U.S. emits most in total, and is one of the countries with highest emissions per capita. China is the second largest emitter, but has very low emissions per capita. Over the last 20 years, industrial development has led to...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Changing Biomes in South Africa Changing Biomes in South Africa
Predictions of the effects of climate change on natural ecosystems in South Africa, over the medium to long term, have included reduced spatial extent of the Grassland biome (Ellery et al. 1991) and an increase in the extent of the Desert biome (Macdonald & Midgley 1996). This graphic shows how the Grassland Biome is expected to shrink as surrounding biomes expand their ranges. It also shows how increasingly arid conditions in the Northern Cape r...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Deforestation in West Africa: Case Cote-d'Ivoire Deforestation in West Africa: Case Cote-d'Ivoire
The average annual rate of change in total forest area from 1990 to 2000 for the whole of Africa was estimated to be -0.74 %, equivalent to losing more than 5 million ha of forest a year, an area roughly the size of Togo, and the highest rate of any region. (UNEP: GEO [Global Environment Outlook] 3). This graphic shows how deforestation has occurred in Cote d'Ivoire (the Ivory Coast) by comparing the area's forests in 1955 and in 1988. It shows a...
17 May 2005 - by Rekacewicz, Philippe, based on a sketch by Le Monde, Paris; UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Major N2O emitting countries in Latin America and Caribbean Major N2O emitting countries in Latin America and Caribbean
Shows the levels of N2O emissions from major Latin American and Caribbean countries and the source of the emissions. Brazil is one of the world’s largest emitters of N2O. Most of the N2O emissions in the region are generated by agriculture and a small part by the energy sector.
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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ENSO Variability index ENSO Variability index
Variability in the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) index 1982-2004, and temperature variation for those years - plus or minus 3 degrees maximum in those years of the ENSO events in the Pacific Ocean and affected region.
17 May 2005 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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