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Natural resources - minerals Natural resources - minerals
In more than hundred countries around the world, miners dig minerals and metals out of the ground, satisfying a slowly but continuously increasing demand from industrial production, agriculture, construction, high-tech sectors, and merchandise producers. In contrast to the other natural resources presented here, minerals are a finite resource, and the resource and their profits needs to be managed carefully to ensure sustained livelihoods after t...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World map of forest distribution (Natural resources - forests) World map of forest distribution (Natural resources - forests)
Approximately 240 million of the world's poor that live in forested areas of developing countries depend on forests for their livelihoods. Forest and its products provide cash income, jobs, and consumption goods for poor families. Forestry provides formal and informal employment for an estimated 40-60 million people. The sector contributes in some developing countries more than eight per cent to GDP. Timber may be the most important forest produc...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Natural resource - water (freshwater run-off) Natural resource - water (freshwater run-off)
Freshwater – a natural resource which has been adopted as a human right by the UN in 2002: 'the human right to water entitles everyone to sufficient; affordable; physically accessible; safe and acceptable water for personal and domestic uses'. People depend on this resource for drinking and cooking, for irrigation of farms, for hygiene and sanitation and for power generation. The map presenting this resource only focuses on one part of the geogra...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Natural resources - marine resources Natural resources - marine resources
Primary ocean productivity, as measured in grammes of carbon per square meter, from remote sensing imagery outlines the areas with rich marine life. These areas are characterised by an abundance of marine life and they provide natural resources in terms of fisheries and harvesting of these resources. The map is a part of a set, presenting different natural resources, with a focus on developing countries, and the use of natural resources for econo...
01 Feb 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Reforestation, town of Galma and surroundings, Niger 1975 and 2003 Reforestation, town of Galma and surroundings, Niger 1975 and 2003
In 1970s and 1980s - years of environmental crisis, there were few trees remaining in Niger. Wind-blown sands razed farmers' young crops and they often had to plant crops three times to succeed. Since the middle of the 1980s in the most densely populated parts of Niger farmers have begun to protect and manage young trees and bushes regenerating on their cultivated fields. This is natural farmer-managed forest regeneration. Some trees fix nitrogen...
01 Oct 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production
The world regions are sharply divided in terms of their capacity to use science in promoting agricultural productivity in order to achieve food security and reduce poverty and hunger. For every US$100 of agricultural output, developed countries spend US$2.16 on public agricultural research and development (R&D), whereas developing countries spend only US$0.55 (IFPRI, 2008). Total agricultural R&D spending in developing countries increased ...
02 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in food commodity prices, compared to trends in crude oil prices (indices) Trends in food commodity prices, compared to trends in crude oil prices (indices)
The impacts of reduced food availability, higher food prices and thus lower access to food by many people have been dramatic. It is estimated that in 2008 at least 110 million people have been driven into poverty and 44 million more became undernourished (World Bank, 2008). Over 120 million more people became impoverished in the past 2–3 years.
02 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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FAO Food price index (FFPI) FAO Food price index (FFPI)
The current world food crisis is the result of the combined effects of competition for cropland from the growth in biofuels, low cereal stocks, high oil prices, speculation in food markets and extreme weather events. The crisis has resulted in a several-fold increase in several central commodity prices, driven 110 million people into poverty and added 44 million more to the already undernourished. Information on the role and constraints of t...
02 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Country income groups (World Bank classification) Country income groups (World Bank classification)
There are huge regional differences in the above trends. Globally, poverty rates have fallen from 52% in 1981 to 42% in 1990 and to 26% in 2005. In Sub-Saharan Africa, however, the poverty rate remained constant at around 50%. This region also comprises the majority of countries making the least progress in reducing child malnutrition. The poverty rate in East Asia fell from nearly 80% in 1980 to under 20% by 2005. East Asia, notably China,...
02 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change impacts that could affect attainment of the Millennium Development Goals Climate change impacts that could affect attainment of the Millennium Development Goals
Sustainability in the Latin American and Caribbean countries may be affected by climate change impacts. Costs associated with climate change can intensify budget constraints as countries attempt to reduce poverty and work towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals. Food security will be affected because of a decline in the productivity of staple grains, natural disasters and drought may reduce the time available for children’s education. It...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population density in drylands of the World Population density in drylands of the World
Drylands, the arid regions of the World between temperate regions and deserts, are subjects to long seasons with very little precipitation and drought spells sometimes lasting over several years. The most densely populated dryland regions are in developing countries, and the economies in this zone are vulnerable to issues like drought.
08 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Natural hazard hotspots, by risk type Natural hazard hotspots, by risk type
Disasters and natural hazards represents one strong aspect of vulnerability for the exposed and poor of the World. With climate change, the frequency of certain natural hazards are expected to increase. This map presents an output from an analysis investigating hazard exposure and historical vulnerability for selected natural hazards, together with population distribution and economy. Specifically, this map provides information on what natural ha...
08 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Poverty by country, share of population living under USD 2 per day, 2004 Poverty by country, share of population living under USD 2 per day, 2004
In the world today, some 2.6 billion people live on less than USD 2 per day, and out of those - three quarters of them in rural areas. The number of poor is decreasing in the World though, and most rapidly in Asia, while Sub-Saharan Africa remains the main area of concern. The goal, of the International community, is to half extreme poverty by 2015 - as specified in the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Income increases, MACH sites Income increases, MACH sites
From the start, the income in the project sites have increased continously through the community management of the wetland areas. In addition, activities such as micro-credit support to reduce the depenency on the wetlands have created other income sources, such as farming and small businesses.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Micro-credit support and income, MACH project Micro-credit support and income, MACH project
To provide alternative livelihoods for poor households, the MACH project has set up a micro-credit scheme to support other enterprises, such as poultry or livestock or skills development. In 2005, there were 4000 households taking advantage of the scheme, and exhibiting significant increases in income, while reducing the dependency on fisheries.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Bangladesh case study sites, locator map Bangladesh case study sites, locator map
Bangladesh, case study sites locator map
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Poverty in Guatemala - rural and urban differences, 2000 and 2002 Poverty in Guatemala - rural and urban differences, 2000 and 2002
Guatemala, a country of 13 million inhabitants in Central America with some 30% of the population living in poverty. Despite economic growth, many social problems remain in Guatemala - one of the 10 poorest countries in Latin America. The distribution of income is highly unequal and there are vast differences in poverty and livelihoods between urban and rural areas, as presented in this figure. The classes in this figure represent: the 'extreme p...
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation
The supply of safe drinking water and the provision of sanitation are management issues that raise concerns about inequitable service provision, particularly in developing countries. Although several successful initiatives have been launched to supply safe drinking water to urban populations, efforts still fall short of the required targets for sustainable development. In developing countries water delivery systems are plagued by leakages, illega...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
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Cereal productivity in sub-Saharan Africa under a projected Intergovernamental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenario Cereal productivity in sub-Saharan Africa under a projected Intergovernamental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenario
A majority of the population in sub-Saharan African lives in rural areas, where income and employment depend almost entirely on rain-fed agriculture. This population is today at high risk. Sub-Saharan Africa already has a highly variable and unpredictable climate and is acutely vulnerable to floods and droughts. A third of the people in the region live in drought-prone areas, and floods are a recurrent threat in several countries. With climate ch...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
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World Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity World Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity
No data
06 Oct 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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