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Tag: Mediterranean Sea

Oil spilled in the Mediterranean
The Eastern Mediterranean accounts for two-thirds of the total quantity spilled in the last decade. If the Lebanese spill of 2006 is taken out of the calculations, the Western Mediterranean, Central Mediterranean, and E...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Possible oil slicks detected by satellites
Illicit vessel discharges can be detected using satellite images, allowing the estimation of the spatial distribution of oil-spill density and the identification of hot spots (Abdulla and Linden 2008). This provides evid...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Mean concentrations of trace metals and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
The term trace metal is used here for potentially toxic metals that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate in human and animal tissues, and biomagnify in food chains. Metals and organometallic compounds are commonly i...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Wastewater treatment in the Mediterranean coastal cities
The distribution of coastal cities that either lack wastewater treatment facilities or have inadequate treatment facilities (defined as those removing less than 70 to 90 % of the Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)) can be...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Organic water pollutants from point sources
Organic-matter pollution in industrial wastewater was documented by MED POL through an inventory of industrial point sources of pollution in 2003. The areas with the highest Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) are the south...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Environmental hotspots on the Mediterranean coast
A graphic overview identifying the environmental hotspots and ares of major environmental concern on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Chlorinated pesticides and HCB/PCBs releases by sector, 2008
HCB and PCBs are mostly released as unwanted by-products in the cement and metal industry, while chlorinated pesticides are emitted by the organic chemical industry, or by wastewater treatment plants, which may collect ...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Major industrial sectors emitting metals in the Mediterranean region
In the Mediterranean countries, according to the National Baseline Budget (NBB) inventory, atmospheric emissions of metals are mostly related to the cement industry (Hg, Cu), production of energy (As, Cd, Ni) and the m...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Coastal transport infrastructure in the Mediterranean
With regards to the coastal zone the development of maritime transport is inherently linked to the development of coastal infrastructures such as ports and motorways and railways connecting inland areas to the ports. Th...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Coastal erosion (EU) and fragile ecosystems in the Mediterranean
Among the many impacts erosion has on coastal ecosystems are the destruction of soil surface layers, leading to groundwater pollution and to reduction of water resources; degradation of dunes, leading to desertification...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Fish catch in the Mediterranean Sea sub-regions
Fishing is an important issue for the Mediterranean. Although it puts only a relatively small quantity of produce on the market compared with the demand, it is a significant source of employment and an important componen...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Non-renewable energy resources in the Mediterranean
The active trade and distribution of oil and gas in the Mediterranean Basin, both on land and at sea, involves an extensive network of crude oil pipelines and gas line systems, mainly in the countries of production, link...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Water stress in the Mediterranean basin
An overview of water stress in the Mediterranean basin, highlighting water exploitation as well as existing and planned desalination plants.
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Maritime transportation routes in the Mediterranean
Another strong traditional economic sector in the Mediterranean is transport, specifically maritime transport. The Mediterranean Sea is among the world’s busiest waterways, accounting for 15 % of global shipping activi...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Tourism in the Mediterranean countries
The Mediterranean basin, if considered as a single area, is by far the largest global tourism destination, attracting almost a third of the world’s international tourists (306 million out of 980 million worldwide) and ge...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Industrial hazardous waste in the Mediterranean countries
Industry is frequently located along the region’s coasts in areas with high population density, sometimes within urban centres, and often in close proximity to other economic activities like agriculture and tourism. Th...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Agriculture and population in the Mediterranean basin
Agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin, despite many different sub-climates, is mainly rain-fed. Cereals, vegetables, and citrus fruits account for over 85 % of the Mediterranean’s total agricultural production (UNEP/MA...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Human development and ecological footprint in Mediterranean countries
The long history of the Mediterranean has led to a diversification of political and governance approaches, a broad range in economic development, and a diversity of social systems, all of which is reflected in the levels...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Urban population in the Mediterranean countries
Urban development in the Mediterranean has been very rapid. Of the 190 million people added to the population between 1970 and 2010, 163 million live in towns. Urban population (towns with more than 10.000 inhabitants) i...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Population density and urban centres in the Mediterranean basin
The total population of the Mediterranean countries grew from 276 million in 1970 to 412 million in 2000 (a 1,35 % increase per year) and to 466 million in 2010. The population is predicted to reach 529 million by 2025....
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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