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Mapping environmental problems according to management and reversibility Mapping environmental problems according to management and reversibility
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28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ghana case study, locator map Ghana case study, locator map
Ghana case study, locator map
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Income increases, MACH sites Income increases, MACH sites
From the start, the income in the project sites have increased continously through the community management of the wetland areas. In addition, activities such as micro-credit support to reduce the depenency on the wetlands have created other income sources, such as farming and small businesses.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Scaling up of community based natural resource managements projects - freshwater in asia Scaling up of community based natural resource managements projects - freshwater in asia
Starting in Bangladesh with a few watersheds, going up to the world. Fisheries and freshwater management (wetlands).
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Micro-credit support and income, MACH project Micro-credit support and income, MACH project
To provide alternative livelihoods for poor households, the MACH project has set up a micro-credit scheme to support other enterprises, such as poultry or livestock or skills development. In 2005, there were 4000 households taking advantage of the scheme, and exhibiting significant increases in income, while reducing the dependency on fisheries.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Fish yield and fish sanctuaries, MACH sites Fish yield and fish sanctuaries, MACH sites
Continous monitoring of fish yields have increased since the MACH project start in 1998, with a more than doubled yield in 2004 compared to 1999. Part of the project has been for the communities to establish fish sanctuaries to enable re-spawning and over-wintering of fish.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Kamchatka sites Kamchatka sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
12 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
12 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation
The supply of safe drinking water and the provision of sanitation are management issues that raise concerns about inequitable service provision, particularly in developing countries. Although several successful initiatives have been launched to supply safe drinking water to urban populations, efforts still fall short of the required targets for sustainable development. In developing countries water delivery systems are plagued by leakages, illega...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
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Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s
The agricultural sector is by far the biggest user of freshwater. Analysis indicates that: - In the United States, agriculture accounts for some 49% of total freshwater use, with 80% of this volume being used for irrigation (Shiklomanov, 1999). - In Africa and Asia, an estimated 85-90% of all freshwater used is for agriculture (Shiklomanov, 1999). - According to estimates for the year 2000, agriculture accounted for 67% of the world’s total fr...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
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Human actions leading to coastal degradation Human actions leading to coastal degradation
Physical alteration and the destruction of habitats are now considered one of the most significant threats to coastal areas. Half of the world’s wetlands, and even more of its mangrove forests, have been lost over the past century to physical alterations, the major causes being accelerating social and economic development and poor-planning (UNEP, 2002). There are currently about one billion people living in coastal urban areas. It is estimated t...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
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Coastal populations and shoreline degradation Coastal populations and shoreline degradation
Unsurprisingly, the coastal areas with the greatest population densities are also those with the most shoreline degradation. The areas surrounding the Black Sea, the Mediterranean and southern Asia have the highest proportion of altered land, while the coastal zones of the Arctic, northeast Pacific, south Pacific, West and Central Africa, East Africa, the Red Sea/Gulf of Aden, and Kuwait have the highest proportions of least modified land. In o...
01 Oct 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
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Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters
This graphic illustrates the strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonally oxygen-depleted waters. There is a strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonal oxygen-depleted waters. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on treating and reducing municipal and industrial waste, and on reducing nitrogen levels in agricultural runoff. However, less...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, (Le Monde diplomatique) February 2008
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Qanat Qanat
A qanat is a water management system used to secure reliable water supply to human settlements or irrigation in semi-arid and arid regions. Probably originating in Persia, the qanat system has been adopted and developed further in large parts of Asia and Europe. Its widespread use is refected in the many names for the system and similar systems; kariz/kahan (Persian), khettara (Morocco), galeria (Spain), falaj (United Arab Emirates and Oman), ...
06 Dec 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Slum population in urban Africa Slum population in urban Africa
One of the major challenges of urbanisation in Africa is the rapid expansion of areas of informal settlements. These slum areas tend to lack infrastructure such as pipe-borne water and sewerage, and services such as garbage collection and waste management are often non-existent.
18 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
National environmental legislation, South Africa National environmental legislation, South Africa
The Working for the Environment programmes (water, fire, wetland, coast) are all supported by important national environmental legislation including the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, the Disaster Management Act, the National Veld and Forest Fire Act, the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, and the National Environment Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act.
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Working on Fire programme achievements Working on Fire programme achievements
The goal of the Working on Fire programme is to protect life and livelihoods and ensure a sustainable and well balanced environment. The programme is advocating and assisting with good land management strategies and an integrated fire management regime. At the same time, the programme contributes to black economic empowerment, skills development, social equity and accelerated service delivery that work towards poverty alleviation. The empowerment...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Value for the avoided CO2 emissions during a 25-year transition period from primary forest to oil palm or other land uses Value for the avoided CO2 emissions during a 25-year transition period from primary forest to oil palm or other land uses
For the focus areas Batang Toru and Tripa in the two main orangutan habitats (forest on non-peatlands and peat) it was calculated what the values (USD/ha) would be of the avoided CO2 emissions over a period of 25 years. For Batang Toru these ranged from 3,711-11,185 USD/ha and for Tripa from 7,420-22,094 USD/ha. Net present values (NPV) per hectare were calculated using the model in Butler et al. (2009) with the following prices (range per tCO2 ...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Cheetah and Wildebeest in East Africa Cheetah and Wildebeest in East Africa
Protecting the Cheetah’s range also benefits other migratory wildlife, including those not currently protected by international agreements such as Appendix I of the CMS. The Serengeti- Mara-Tsavo landscape, for example, is home not only to a globally important population of Cheetahs, but also to vast numbers of migratory Wildebeest, Zebra, Eland and Thomson’s Gazelle. In 2011, the Tanzanian government ensured that the proposed commercial road n...
08 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gender division of labour in agriculture and household activities - Nepal and India Gender division of labour in agriculture and household activities - Nepal and India
In Nepal, the gender division of labour is highly skewed, especially when agricultural, pastoral and wage labour is combined with household, community and casual labour, and when high rates of men’s out-migration to urban cities, towns and cross-border destinations in the region and beyond, are considered. Recent comparative research on the ‘feminisation’ of agriculture and natural resource management, undertaken by ICIMOD and supported by I...
05 Dec 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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