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Emissions per GDP in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005 (excludes land use change) Emissions per GDP in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005 (excludes land use change)
Evidence at international level shows a positive, although not a linear, relation between GHG emissions and the trajectory of the gross domestic product (GDP). There is a strong heterogeneity in the ratio of emissions to GDP (excluding land use change) among the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, with Guyana and Bolivia standing as those countries with the highest levels of emissions per US$ 1 million of GDP produced.
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo (Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Share of greenhouse gas emissions of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005 Share of greenhouse gas emissions of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005
Data on carbon dioxide emissions makes it possible to identify the main emitting countries within Latin America and the Caribbean. Chief among the emitters is Brazil, accounting for 52%, which together with Mexico, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Argentina accounted for 79% of the total greenhouse gas emissions of the region in 2005. While specific percentages (excluding emissions associated with land use changes) vary, these four countr...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Threats to coral reefs in Eastern Africa Threats to coral reefs in Eastern Africa
Human land use along coasts and in major river basins can threaten coral reefs through toxic material inputs to coastal ecosystems. This graphic shows the areas of low, medium and high estimated threats to coral reefs on Africa's eastern coast.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Agriculture land use distribution - croplands and pasture land Agriculture land use distribution - croplands and pasture land
The World's agricultural land is used in different ways, depending on climatic and soil factors, but also related to cultural and social issues. The majority of croplands, where rice, wheat, legumes and corn - among other crops - are spread out in the Northern Hemisphere, in the temperate zone, and in South and Eastern Asia. Areas where primarily livestock is held for agricultural are dominant in Africa, South America and Australia.
08 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Agriculture land use distribution - croplands and pasture land Agriculture land use distribution - croplands and pasture land
The World's agricultural land is used in different ways, depending on climatic and soil factors, but also related to cultural and social issues. The majority of croplands, where rice, wheat, legumes and corn - among other crops - are spread out in the Northern Hemisphere, in the temperate zone, and in South and Eastern Asia. Areas where primarily livestock is held for agricultural are dominant in Africa, South America and Australia.
28 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World Greenhouse gas emissions by sector World Greenhouse gas emissions by sector
All data is for 2000. All calculations are based on CO2 equivalents, using 100-year global warming potentials from the IPCC (1996), based on a total global estimate of 41 755 MtCO2 equivalent. Land use change includes both emissions and absorptions. Dotted lines represent flows of less than 0.1% percent of total GHG emissions.
05 Jan 2009 - by WRI/Tim Herzog
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Top 20 greenhouse gas emitters (including land use change and forestry) Top 20 greenhouse gas emitters (including land use change and forestry)
The following gases are taken into account: CO2 - Carbon dioxide CH4 - Methane N2O - Nitrous oxide PFCs - Perfluorocarbons HFCs - Hydrofluorocarbons SF6 - Sulphur hexafluoride
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biodiversity threats Biodiversity threats
South Africa is recognised as the third most megadiverse country in the world. The abundance of biodiversity found within its borders covers an estimated ten per cent of the world’s plant species, seven per cent of all bird, six per cent of all mammal, and five per cent of all reptile species found on the planet. Due to various causes ranging from unsustainable land use and farming practices, to invasion by alien species and climate change, So...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Abatement costs for transition from undisturbed forest to other land uses Abatement costs for transition from undisturbed forest to other land uses
Opportunity costs for the transition from forest to other land uses between 1994-2009 in Tripa and 1990-2009 in Batang Toru are shown. For the transition to the most profitable land-use a price of slightly more than USD 10 per tCO2 would have been sufficient to offset opportunity costs in Batang Toru. For Tripa this value is lower because of the below ground carbon stocks in the peatlands.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Conversion of forests to different land uses Conversion of forests to different land uses
Using satellite images, land use changes were determined at Batang Toru (2001-2009) and Tripa (2001-2009) to calculate overall CO2 emissions. Deforestation in both areas led to different land use transitions, with the predominant land use in Batang Toru after deforestation being disturbed forest and in Tripa, oil palm plantations.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Conversion from primary forest to other land uses, 1985-2007 Conversion from primary forest to other land uses, 1985-2007
The main driver for forest loss on peat areas in the Leuser Ecosystem was oil palm development between 1985 and 2007, while for forest on non-peatlands other land uses than oil palm contributed more to land use changes.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem
Net present value (NPV) is in millions of USD over a 30-year period (2000-2030) at a 4% discount rate. The NPV for local communities under a deforestation scenario would be 3,132 million USD and under a conservation scenario 5,341 million USD. The analysis shows that the local community would benefit most from a scenario under which the forest is conserved, negative effects on ecosystem services are avoided and payments for ecosystem services ar...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Above-ground carbon-stock density changes Above-ground carbon-stock density changes
In Batang Toru, land use changes and deforestation led to an overall loss of around 10 tonnes of carbon per hectare between 1994 and 2009. Due to its exploitation for the cultivation of oil palm, the peat area of Tripa had to face a much more important decrease of 66 tonnes of carbon per hectare in the time period 1990-2009. In terms of CO2 emissions, it corresponds to an overall emission per year of 634,903 tCO2.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Land use types that replaced forest in the Leuser Ecosystem during 1985-2007 Land use types that replaced forest in the Leuser Ecosystem during 1985-2007
The main driver for forest loss on peat areas in the Leuser Ecosystem was oil palm development between 1985 and 2007, while for forest on non-peatlands other land uses than oil palm contributed more to land use changes.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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