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Tag: Infrastructure

Traditional practices, infrastructure and development
Indigneous peoples have lived in Arctic for thousands of years, and continue to depend upon the natural resources of the region today. Their traditional subsistence practices include hunting, trapping, fishing and reinde...
21 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The composition and levels of wealth per capita for low-income countries
In low-income countries, the natural section represents a quarter of the total wealth, this represents the land that is managed either by household, individual or communally, and the potential for generating income. Phys...
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography
Eastern Europe extends from the northern shore of the Black Sea in Ukraine up to the Baltic Sea basin in Belarus. It covers 845,000 square kilometers and is home to almost 60 million people. These nations share common bo...
29 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions Assessment
Direct measurements of greenhouse gases emissions are not possible. Assessments are therefore using precise theoretical calculations for each sectors. They are called “emission factors” and are regularly updated. Tryi...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water - cooperation or conflict?
History shows that conflicts over water often emerge and give rise to political tensions, but that most disputes are resolved peacefully. However, the absence of conflict is, at best, only a partial indicator of the dept...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Water storage capacity for selected countries
Cross-country water storage comparisons provide insights into one aspect of risk mitigation capacity. However, storage capacity is only one guide to the linkage between infrastructure and vulnerability. Countries such as...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Mean annual coastal erosion in arctic Alaska (Beaufort Sea shoreline)
In the Arctic, impacts of climate change will include increased coastal erosion. For Arctic human communities impacts are projected to be mixed, with detrimental impacts expected on infrastructure and traditional ind...
03 Feb 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Slum population in urban Africa
One of the major challenges of urbanisation in Africa is the rapid expansion of areas of informal settlements. These slum areas tend to lack infrastructure such as pipe-borne water and sewerage, and services such as garb...
18 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pressures on the South African coast
Population growth puts pressure on coastal ecosystems. Increased population means growing demand for land for housing and infrastructure, increased use of living resources for food, and more use of available freshwater r...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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