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Coastal transport infrastructure in the Mediterranean Coastal transport infrastructure in the Mediterranean
With regards to the coastal zone the development of maritime transport is inherently linked to the development of coastal infrastructures such as ports and motorways and railways connecting inland areas to the ports. The development of large logistic coastal infrastructures brings, amongst others, fragmentation of coastal landscapes and habitats, changes in the land use and increased pollution loads
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development
Figure 27: Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development. (Source: GLOBIO; Alkemade et al., 2009).
01 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production
Production gains are attributed to improved crop varieties and livestock, soil management, improved access to resources (nutrients and water), infrastructure developments, policy initiatives, microfinance, education, better communication and advances in market and trade systems. This has also increased the demand and use of irrigation, phosphorus and nitrogen.
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Preliminary assessment of the Himalaya region Preliminary assessment of the Himalaya region
Poster that was prepared as a proof of concept in the development of the GLOBIO2 model. The greater Himalayan region is a giant mega watershed with many areas with little development and this area harbours a massive amount of water resources for the population in the densily inhabited areas downstream.
26 Jan 2006 - by Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, Norway 2002-2050 (with protected areas) Human impact, Norway 2002-2050 (with protected areas)
Analysis of the suggested development of impact on ecosystems through human activities. The GLOBIO-2 model uses settlements and infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines and powerlines as proxies for stress and fragmentation.
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, Greater Asian Mountains region 2000 and scenarios for 2030 Human impact, Greater Asian Mountains region 2000 and scenarios for 2030
Changes in the Greater Asian Mountains area with reduced biodiversity and ecosystem function as a result of human development in infrastructure and associated resource exploitation between 2000 and 2030, given different scenarios. Security first and Markest first indicate situations where market deiven forces determine rate and extent of development while policy first represents a moderate growth rate.
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, Northern Norway 1600 and 2002-2052 Human impact, Northern Norway 1600 and 2002-2052
Analysis of the suggested development of impact on ecosystems through human activities. The GLOBIO-2 model uses settlements and infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines and powerlines as proxies for stress and fragmentation.
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Impact, Greater Asian Mountains region with specific examples Human Impact, Greater Asian Mountains region with specific examples
Presentation of areas where infrastructure development, intense land use or agriculture has resulted in biodiversity loss in the Greater Asiam Mountain region. The locations illustrate some of the great variety in the region and are presented in the 'Fall of the Water' report
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Changes in biodiversity and ecosystems based on human impact 1990-2050 Changes in biodiversity and ecosystems based on human impact 1990-2050
Modelling, using the GLOBIO1 model, over the Arctic, assessing the impacts on the environment based on infrastructure development between 1990 and 2050 in three different scenarios. The development of roads, pipelines and powerlines fragments the natural habitats and reduces the wilderness qualities.
26 Jan 2006 - by Even Husby, Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (policy first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (policy first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 policy first scenario. This scenario suggests that decisive initiatives are taken by governments in an attempt to reach specific social and environmental goals.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 1700 (approximately) Human impact, year 1700 (approximately)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the situation as it could have been before the advent of industrialization, with very little impact and fragmentation. The main human impact at this stage would have been the conversion of land, primarily in Europe.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (sustainability first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (sustainability first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario suggests a new environment and development paradigm emerging in response to the challenge of sustainability, supported by new, more equitable values and institutions.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999 Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999
Shows the concentration of refugees within Macedonia and the locations of refugee centers and camps. The refugee influx put significant stress on Macedonia's weak social infrastructure. With the help of NATO and the international community, Macedonia ultimately was able to accommodate the influx.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Rural and urban population in the Balkans Rural and urban population in the Balkans
In the meantime, the rural exodus is continuing all over the region, particularly in Albania where people are deserting mountain areas and the population of Tirana has risen from 200 000 at the end of the communist era to almost a million. The newcomers cram into the city outskirts lacking any proper infrastructure. A similar pattern may be seen in Belgrade, Sarajevo and Skopje.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Trends in natural disasters Trends in natural disasters
With growing population and infrastructures the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing. This is particularly true as the strongest population growth is located in coastal areas (with greater exposure to floods, cyclones and tidal waves). To make matters worse any land remaining available for urban growth is generally risk-prone, for instance flood plains or steep slopes subject to landslides. The statistics in this graphic r...
29 Nov 2007 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography
Eastern Europe extends from the northern shore of the Black Sea in Ukraine up to the Baltic Sea basin in Belarus. It covers 845,000 square kilometers and is home to almost 60 million people. These nations share common borders, watersheds, and infrastructure and have many similarities in their geography, history, culture and economy.
04 Oct 2005 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact in desert areas 1700,2000 and 2050 Human impact in desert areas 1700,2000 and 2050
The impact of human activities on wilderness qualities has been modelled using the GLOBIO-2 model. The model uses infrastructure and settlements as proxies and measure the degree by which habitats have reduced their wilderness qualities, by fragmentation and disturbance. According to the model, huge tracts of desert areas are relatively undisturbed, the majority of highly impacted areas are in the drylands of Central Asia and North America.
06 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Development of fossil fuel resources in the Arctic, 2005 Development of fossil fuel resources in the Arctic, 2005
Barents Sea: The 2004 lifting of an embargo on offshore hydrocarbon exploration in the Norwegian Barents has renewed activity there. Regulation of exploration is animportant political issue. Debate in 2005 focused on environmental protection and establishing areas free of oil development. In Russia five companies were selected as finalists in the joint development of the Shtokman gas field, in the Barents Sea. This field is estimated to hold twic...
13 Feb 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection) Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in the world are the Arctic, the Amazon, desert areas and the Tibetan plateau. This maps uses an older color scheme that does not differentiate between the three impact classes used in the GLOBIO-2 maps after 2001.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2002 Human impact, year 2002
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in the world are the Arctic, the Amazon, desert areas and the Tibetan plateau.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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