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Tag: Industry

Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia
The Soviet development model for Central Asia was based on building large-scale irrigation schemes enabling the region to become a major cotton producer and expanding the mining and processing industry. Industrial operat...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste generation from manufacturing industry (by sectors)
Turning raw materials into consumer products generates waste - depending on the technology used, the nature of the raw material processed and how much of it is discarded at the end of the chain. Very often manufacturing ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Different sources of danger and their impacts to the environment
Contaminated groundwater can adversely affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the geology of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Species diversity in the world's seas
The graphic compares the amount of diversity of marine mammals, sharks, molluscs, birds, shrimp and lobsters in various sea regions. Coral reefs are among the most productive and diverse of all natural ecosystems. Recent...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Long range transport of air pollutants to the Arctic
The major industrial areas of the Northern Hemisphere are a source for long range transport of pollutants. The main air currents are taking industrial air pollution and circulating them with the end result being an incre...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total energy supply in 1995
Total primary energy supply per capita is a common, albeit an imperfect measure of energy efficiency in a country. For instance, neither the impact of climate on energy use (heating, cooling) nor the size of the country ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change
2 thematical maps: (1) CO2 emissions from industrial processes (http://www.grida.no/climate/vital/09.htm): This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world. The significant part of carbon dioxide emiss...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Status on cost of establishing a business (compared to per capita income)
Bureaucracy and administration by local and national government can present a stumbling block for establishing businesses - in particular for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. Removing and simplifying these proc...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Freshwater withdrawal in agriculture, industry and domestic use
The agricultural sector is by far the biggest user of freshwater, primarily for irrigation of arable land. This graphic shows the relative percentages of water use by the agricultural, industrial and domestic sectors in ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The boom in shipping trade
'(the shipping industry) now carries more than 90% of the world's trade by volume, and has tripled its tonnage since 1970'
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Largest industrial CO2 emitters
Facilities emitting more than 100 000 tones of CO2 each year from power plants, cement factories, refineries, gas processing plants, ammonia chemical industry, hydrogen chemical industry, ethylene chemical industry, ethy...
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Norwegian emissions of CO2
Emissions of carbon dioxide in Norway, 1985-1997, with projections up to 2010 (with a current measures scenario, as of 1997). Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is the main agent of greenhouse gases that is released primarily from the...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions of SF6 in Norway, 85-96
The graph shows emissions of SF6 in Norway from 1985 to 1996.SF6 is a highly potent greenhouse gas used in the industry for insulation in high voltage equipment and current interruption in electric transmission and distr...
12 Feb 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 emissions from industry
This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world. The significant part of carbon dioxide emissions comes from energy production, industrial processes and transport. The industrialised countries conseque...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Packaging waste production per capita in Europe
The manufacture of packaging itself generates waste and by defi nition it has a particularly short lifespan. It turns into waste as soon as its contents reaches its destination. This is certainly a blessing for the packa...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Typical hazardous wastes generated by selected manufacturing industries
Industry is the top producer of waste in developed countries. A large proportion of industrial waste is hazardous, because industrial processes often involve chemicals. Cleaner production – reducing the amount of problem...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Waste at every stage
The squares are proportionnal to the estimated amounts of waste generated by sector in 2002, in the OECD countries (in million tonnes). Waste is produced from the very beginning of the life cycle of a product, long befor...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Recycling Rates for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries
Reusing and recycling are natural survival strategies for many people in the developing world. In rich countries we abandoned the habit and are now relearning how to reuse and recycle. Public rubbish collection and a wel...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Consumption appeal
The marketing and advertising industry is constantly teasing us with trendy, cool and largely superfluous products. To judge by investment in advertising, it takes more and more to achieve the same effect. With all th...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Consumer items in China
The impact of income on lifestyle is apparent in China like elsewhere. There has been a massive surge in all consumer goods with rising income in towns. The same trend can be observed to a much lesser extent in the coun...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
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