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Eastern Europe through history Eastern Europe through history
The region’s borderline position has determined its many specific features. Neighbouring cultures deeply penetrated and influenced Eastern European societies, shaping contrasting developmental orientations. Eastern European lands changed hands many times in history and in some periods they were split between Western and Eastern powers. This is a glimpse of 4 periods between 1000 A.D. to 1938 A.D.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography
Eastern Europe extends from the northern shore of the Black Sea in Ukraine up to the Baltic Sea basin in Belarus. It covers 845,000 square kilometers and is home to almost 60 million people. These nations share common borders, watersheds, and infrastructure and have many similarities in their geography, history, culture and economy.
29 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Political patterns and communication axes: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine Political patterns and communication axes: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine are positioned between an enlarging European Union and a historically influential Russia. The area’s unique position and history have played a large part in the overlapping of environmental and security issues. There have been several areas of dispute and inter-ethnic conflict.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water - cooperation or conflict? Water - cooperation or conflict?
History shows that conflicts over water often emerge and give rise to political tensions, but that most disputes are resolved peacefully. However, the absence of conflict is, at best, only a partial indicator of the depth of cooperation. Measuring the level of conflict between governments over water is inherently difficult as water is seldom a stand-alone foreign policy issue. Oregon State University has attempted to compile data covering every r...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
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Tigris and Euphrates rivers fragmentation Tigris and Euphrates rivers fragmentation
It has been predicted that access to water will create conflict between countries. In Africa, central Asia, west Asia and the Americas, some countries are already arguing fiercely over access to rivers and inland seas, and confrontations could arise as water shortages grow (Gleick, 2000). Countries currently or potentially involved in international disputes over access to river water and aquifers include: - Turkey, Syria and Iraq (the Tigris and...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
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