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Cell phone composition Cell phone composition
It is impossible to detail all the types of waste directly or indirectly involved in manufacturing mobile phones. In developed countries production processes manage to keep sensitive materials in a closed circuit, without any waste escaping to the outside world. Production – “Made in Elsewhere” – does not usually take place where the phones are most widespread. Degrees of efficiency in health and environmental protection vary. In some assembly ...
01 Oct 2006 - by Cécile Marin
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Trafficking waste stories Trafficking waste stories
Despite international efforts to halt dumping of illegal waste outrageous incidents occur. Collating relevant data is difficult but there is no doubt about the damage. Toxic waste causes long-term poisoning of soil and water, affecting people’s health and living conditions, sometimes irreversibly. It mainly involves slow processes that must be monitored for years to be detected and proven (let alone remedied).
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
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Child Mortality and Agroclimatic Zones Child Mortality and Agroclimatic Zones
This map shows the correlation between the types of agricultural zones levels of child mortality. In West Africa there are a lower levels of child mortality in the humid zones along coastal areas than the arid zones of the interior.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Children Stunted and Land Degradation Children Stunted and Land Degradation
Malnutrition in West Africa is a major concern as is environmental damage. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children of West Africa in comparison to the level of land degradation. There does not seem to be a high correlation between the two.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Children Stunted and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali) Children Stunted and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have among the highest rates of malnutrition in West Africa and the world. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children in comparison to the levels of access to markets and infrastructure based on road quality and town size.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Development Indicators by Accessibility Index Human Development Indicators by Accessibility Index
A Series of charts of Human Development Indicators based on accessibility levels in West Africa. Data was only available for 2 countries, all situated in the more arid part of West Africa. The common-sense logic ‘ the more accessible the more developed’ seems to be confirmed through the life expectancy indicator (children that died before the age of 5).
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Development Indicators by Land Degradation Human Development Indicators by Land Degradation
Series of Human Development Indicators based on the levels of land degradation in West Africa. They show the levels of child mortality, stunted growth, primary school enrollment and adult female literacy rates.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Development Indicators by Agroclimatic Zones Human Development Indicators by Agroclimatic Zones
A Set of charts of the Human Development Indicators based on the agroclimatic zones of West Africa. They show the levels of child mortality, stunted growth, primary school enrollment and adult female literacy rates.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Child Mortality and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali) Child Mortality and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have among the highest rates of child mortality in West Africa and the world. This map shows the decrease in child mortality when the levels of access to markets and infrastructure based on road quality and town size increase.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Children Stunted and Agroclimatic Zones Children Stunted and Agroclimatic Zones
Malnutrition in West Africa is a major concern. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children in comparison to the type of agroclimate. The more arid the zone the higher the growth in children is stunted.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer [Russian] Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer [Russian]
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia [Russian] Health in Central Asia [Russian]
Central Asia has a very high infant mortality rate and many other major health problems. This graphic shows some of the main causes of death as well as infant mortality and life expectancy rates for the region. In Russian.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia Health in Central Asia
Central Asia has a very high infant mortality rate and many other major health problems. This graphic shows some of the main causes of death as well as infant mortality and life expectancy rates for the region.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Re-infestation by 'Aedes aegypti' Re-infestation by 'Aedes aegypti'
Climate change affect the health of the population, not only through heat waves and waterborne diseases, but also as a result of the expansion of geographical areas conducive to the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as yellow fever, dengue and malaria. Species of mosquitoes, such as the group ‘Anopheles gambiae’, ‘A. funestus’, ‘A. darlingi’, ‘Culex quinquefasciatus’ and ‘Aedes aegypti’, are responsible for propagation of the majority of...
16 Sep 2006 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Assosciate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Effects of sea-level rise on water resources of small islands and low-lying coastal areas Effects of sea-level rise on water resources of small islands and low-lying coastal areas
The water resources of small islands and low-lying coastal areas are very susceptible to sea-level rise. This figure illustrates the direct impacts on the water resources sector, as well as the plethora of higher-order impacts which affect not only that sector but most, if not all, other sectors including health, transport and agriculture.
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human influences on the atmosphere during the industrial era Human influences on the atmosphere during the industrial era
In many of the world’s largest cities (Beijing, Calcutta, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, etc.) WHO World Health Organization) air quality guidelines are not met. In 1996 global emissions of carbon dioxide were nearly four times the 1950 total.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Central Asia in peril Central Asia in peril
Communities face appalling health problems. In Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan, drinking water is saline and polluted, with a high content of metals that causes a range of diseases. Over the past 15 years there has been a thirty-fold increase in chronic bronchitis and in kidney and liver diseases, especially cancer and arthritic diseases have increased sixty-fold. The infant mortality rate is one of the world's highest.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The global solar UV Index The global solar UV Index
The Global Solar UV Index (UVI) is a simple measurement of the UV radiation level at the Earth's surface. It has been designed to indicate the potential for adverse health effects and to encourage people to protect themselves. The higher the Index value, the greater the potential for damage to the skin and eye, and the less time it takes for harm to occur.
29 Nov 2007 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Net change in components of human well-being between 2000 and 2050 Net change in components of human well-being between 2000 and 2050
Order from Strength, which focuses on reactive policies in a regionalized world, has the least favorable outcomes for human well-being, as the global distribution of ecosystem services and human resources that underpin human well-being are increasingly skewed. Wealthy populations generally meet most material needs but experience psychological unease.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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