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Hazards in and around the Caspian Hazards in and around the Caspian
The map highlights the various environmental hazards around the Caspian Sea.
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Hazards in and around the Caspian Hazards in and around the Caspian
Many opportunities are offered by the Caspian Sea region. It is important that they are handled with care in order to maintain the rich biological and mineral resources over a long time. The natural wealth of the region around the Caspian Sea in mineral resources also involves high metal concentrations. Industrial activities, in particular mining, are raising the metal concentration in sediments to levels exceeding permissible limits. O...
07 Mar 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
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Mobile phones per 1000 people Mobile phones per 1000 people
The Basel Convention has before it an amendment which would ban the export of hazardous waste for disposal to developing countries. Some countries (for example those in the European Union) have already implemented this proposed amendment. In addition countries like China have banned the importation of e-waste, although significant volumes are still entering the country illegally.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Waste generation scheme Waste generation scheme
The graphic gives a general illustration of a waste generation & management scheme. Using car production as a example, the associated text includes references as follows: Raw Materials: Mining of minerals: copper, iron, lead, zinc, and aluminum (generating waste in the neighborhood of the mines), etc. Production: During the final assembly: paints, coatings, lubricants and fluids (generating excess materials – a specific type of waste) Distributi...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Existing radioactive waste disposal and proposal alternatives for storage Existing radioactive waste disposal and proposal alternatives for storage
Radioactive waste presents a unique problem, where it has to be handled with care to prevent radiation exposure for people, wildlife and contamination. Products from nuclear activities can be reprocessed to a certain degree, but a fair bit of the waste needs to be stored or disposed of in a safe manner. Options include storing in deep mountain chambers/caverns, under the sea floor or even sending it out into space.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Hazardous waste generation in 2001 as reported by the Parties to the Basel Convention Hazardous waste generation in 2001 as reported by the Parties to the Basel Convention
Hazardous waste needs to be monitored and controlled from the moment the waste is generated until its ultimate disposal. Proper hazardous waste control requires a plan to reduce the amount of waste generated or the toxicity of the waste produced. The most environmentally sound and economically efficient way of managing any waste is not to generate it in the first place (source reduction).
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export of waste as reported by Germany, in tonnes, 2001 Export of waste as reported by Germany, in tonnes, 2001
In 2000 Germany reported sending more than threehundred thousand tonnes of waste to 14 countries. All countries appeared to receive a broad combination of hazardous waste apart from China, which received nearly 50 tonnes of household waste. In year 2000, Germany was amongst the top importers, bringing in over 1 million tonnes of waste from 38 countries. Most of the waste came from the Netherlands, Italy, Luxemburg and Belgium and contained a comb...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Hazardous waste in Georgia Hazardous waste in Georgia
Economic conditions have led to the almost complete closure of old Soviet era industrial complexes. Neither the Rustavi and Zestafoni chemical and metallurgy plants or the Chiatura and Tkibuli mines still function. However, the piles of unused chemicals and heavy metal stocks that still litter these sites pose a very real threat to the local people and environment. In addition, about 300 military sites fulfi lling various purposes – including ro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia
The Soviet development model for Central Asia was based on building large-scale irrigation schemes enabling the region to become a major cotton producer and expanding the mining and processing industry. Industrial operations in the region paid little attention to the environment and public health, resulting in the accumulation of pollutants in the local environment. Today, not only active industrial facilities constitute a threat to environment, ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary movements of waste in 2000 Transboundary movements of waste in 2000
Waste, including extremely hazardous waste like radioactive material, toxic heavy metals and poisonous PCBs are routinely being loaded into trucks, and transported across continents. Some is loaded onto ships and exported to other countries. Often the waste is being sent for recycling but some is just dumped. Between 1993 and 1999 122 countries reported nearly 30 000 waste exports. During this period Germany was the top exporter (nearly 7 millio...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global hazardous waste generation by type as reported by the parties to the Basel Convention for the years 1993-2000 Global hazardous waste generation by type as reported by the parties to the Basel Convention for the years 1993-2000
Hazardous wastes can often be recycled in an environmentally sound manner. Wastes that cannot be recycled must be treated to reduce the toxicity and the ability of the constituents to move throughout the environment. Treatment residues must be safely stored to avoid spills and leaks. (US Environmental Protection Agency).
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Import waste as reported by Germany, in tonnes, 2001 Import waste as reported by Germany, in tonnes, 2001
In 2000 Germany reported sending 317 528 tonnes of waste to 14 countries. All countries appeared to receive a broad combination of hazardous waste apart from China, which received nearly 50 tonnes of household waste. During 2000 Germany was amongst the top importers, bringing in over 1 million tonnes of waste from 38 countries. Major flows were from the Netherlands, Italy, Luxemburg and Belgium.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Imports of waste to Switzerland in 1997 Imports of waste to Switzerland in 1997
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes, in tonnes, imported to Switzerland from other countries in 1997. The amounts are based on import data, and the graphic shows that Switzerland imported waste from primarily other central European countries.
06 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland in 1997 Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland in 1997
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous waste exported from Switzerland in 1997 according to export data and according to import data, as reported by parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. It also shows the amount of waste that was disposed of, and the methods of disposal used, according to both sets of data. The graphic also illustrates the amount and type of material...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes to Switzerland from Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes to Switzerland from Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes, in tonnes, imported to Switzerland from other countries in 1997. The amounts are based on export data and the graphic shows that the following countries imported hazardous wastes and other wastes to Switzerland in 1997: Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Austria. It shows that by far the largest amount of waste was imported from Germany. This graphic should be compare...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Generation of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes (Belgium Excluded) by Y Categories in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes Generation of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes (Belgium Excluded) by Y Categories in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes
This graphic shows the generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes by Y categories in 1997, in millions of metric tonnes, by some of the parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic includes amounts for three Y categories: Y1-Y18 (waste streams), Y19-Y45 (wastes having as constituents various hazardous substances) and Y46-Y47 (wastes requiring special considerati...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Non-OECD Countries to OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Non-OECD Countries to OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total transboundary movement in 1997 of hazardous wastes and other wastes from non-OECD to OECD countries that were reporting parties in 1997 to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the total amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes transferred, in millions of metric tonnes, based on export data from non-OECD countries, and based on impo...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes into Switzerland in 1997 Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes into Switzerland in 1997
This graphic shows the amounts and types of hazardous wastes and other wastes imported into Switzerland in 1997, based on export data and based on import data. It also shows the amount of waste disposed of, and the methods used according to export data and according to import data. The graphic also illustrates the amount and type of material recycled according to both sets of data. No information is presented on the amount of material that was ha...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes among OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes among OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total transboundary movement in 1997 of hazardous wastes and other wastes among OECD countries that were reporting parties in 1997 to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the total amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes transferred, in millions of metric tonnes, based on export data and based on import data. The amounts are shown accor...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes from OECD to Non-OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes from OECD to Non-OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total amount of hazardous wastes transferred from OECD to non-OECD countries that were reporting parties, as of 1997, to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the amount and type of waste transferred according to export data from OECD countries, and according to import data from non-OECD countries. No information is presented on the disposal ...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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