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Pipelines in the Barents Sea region Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Fieldstatus Fieldstatus
Fieldstatus
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Nordområdena, from the North Nordområdena, from the North
Nordområdena, from the North
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Open/closed areas for oil activities Open/closed areas for oil activities
Open/closed areas for oil activities
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nordområdena, from the North Nordområdena, from the North
Nordområdena, from the North
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Open/closed areas for oil activities Open/closed areas for oil activities
Open/closed areas for oil activities
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Pipelines in the Barents Sea region Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Fieldstatus Fieldstatus
Fieldstatus
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Energy resources, production and transportation Energy resources, production and transportation
Energy is vital for the internal and external security of all three countries (see figure). A secure, affordable domestic energy supply is critical to economic development, particularly in energy hungry industrial sectors. It is also essential to meet social needs (heating, transportation, etc.) especially for vulnerable groups.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Varying contribution to climate change Varying contribution to climate change
Share of transport-related greenhouse gas emissions
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nuclear energy is not a clean alternative The legacy of the Soviet Union's nuclear activities Nuclear energy is not a clean alternative The legacy of the Soviet Union's nuclear activities
Even though the nuclear industry does not significantly contribute to greenhouse gas emissions, it is a disputable alternative to fossil fuels. In the former USSR people and the environment still have to cope with the nuclear industry’s legacy.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
World Greenhouse gas emissions by sector World Greenhouse gas emissions by sector
All data is for 2000. All calculations are based on CO2 equivalents, using 100-year global warming potentials from the IPCC (1996), based on a total global estimate of 41 755 MtCO2 equivalent. Land use change includes both emissions and absorptions. Dotted lines represent flows of less than 0.1% percent of total GHG emissions.
05 Jan 2009 - by WRI/Tim Herzog
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Top 20 greenhouse gas emitters (including land use change and forestry) Top 20 greenhouse gas emitters (including land use change and forestry)
The following gases are taken into account: CO2 - Carbon dioxide CH4 - Methane N2O - Nitrous oxide PFCs - Perfluorocarbons HFCs - Hydrofluorocarbons SF6 - Sulphur hexafluoride
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies
The national greenhouse gas intensity measures the quantity of GHG emissions in relation to the economic output of a country and is independent of the absolute quantity of GHG emitted. Other ways to represent GHG emissions are emissions per capita or in total per country. In both cases the picture changes completely. Countries with high absolute emissions may have relatively low intensities and vice versa, as with growing economic productivity e...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Strategic options for climate change mitigation Global cost curve for greenhouse gas abatement measures Strategic options for climate change mitigation Global cost curve for greenhouse gas abatement measures
This graphic attempts to show 'all in one': the various measures for greenhouse gas reduction with both reduction (in CO2 equivalent) and cost (in Euros) quantified. Read from left to right it gives the whole range of strategic options ranging from low hanging fruit, such as building insulation, in green (coming with economic savings) to the increasingly higher hanging ones, such as afforestation, wind energy, in red. * Carbone Capture and St...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Some examples of the effect of individual behaviour on greenhouse gas emissions in France Some examples of the effect of individual behaviour on greenhouse gas emissions in France
The area of the squares is proportionate to the annual reduction in emissions in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Estimated values calculated by France's Environment Institute (Ifen), drawing on various sources: Manicore; Ceren; Ministry of Works statistics department (Sesp); Insee; Ademe; Environment Ministry (MIES), climate plan 2004; Enertech; Citepa; Energy Observatory.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Certified Emission Reductions Certified Emission Reductions
One certified emission reduction unit is equivalent to a one-tonne reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (measured in CO2 equivalent). Circles have only been drawn for countries that have issued more than 50,000 CERs. Certified Emission Reduction units issued by host parties
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total CO2 emissions  from fossil-fuel burning, cement production and gas flaring Total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production and gas flaring
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adopted in 1992, divides countries into Annex I (industrialized countries and countries with economies in transition) and Non-Annex I parties (mostly developing countries). Some of them committed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by adopting the Kyoto Protocol (1997).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy consumption by usage in a building Energy consumption by usage in a building
Buildings (residential and commercial) account for 10 to 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions, including almost 70% carbon dioxide and 25% methane.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions by gas Emissions by gas
Thousand million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year (1970-2004 period)
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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