Tag: Fuel

Population Increase Effects on the Environment
As the population in some parts of the world increases, so does the use of inefficient fuels for cooking and lighting. This creates household air pollution that threatens the lives and health of millions. It also contrib...
27 Aug 2015 - by GRID-Arendal
Population Using Solid Fuels (%), 2012
The use of solid fuels for cooking and heating continues in developed countries but is concentrated in the developing world, primarily in Africa and South Asia. These fuels are often the main source of household energy i...
27 Aug 2015 - by GRID-Arendal
PM2.5 Emissions from Energy Production, Manufacturing and Fuel Production, 2005
Small particles contribute to ambient air pollution (smog). The biggest contributor to PM2.5 emissions in areas like North America, Europe and China is the burning of coal.
27 Aug 2015 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal charcoal trade in eastern DR Congo
The illicit charcoal trade in eastern DRC, but also into Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania, is a significant income to criminals and militias. Militias in DRC are estimated to make 14–50 million USD annually on road taxes (2...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
The charcoal supply chain
With current urbanization trends, households are switching from wood fuel to the affordable, convenient and readily accessible charcoal. Wood fuel and charcoal account for up to 90% of the household energy consumption in...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Charcoal business in Virunga area
The multitude of military groups operating in this region makes Virunga one of the most dangerous parks in the DRC. The charcoal trade is one of many lucrative illicit trades in the park, which also include timber ...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Brazilian alcohol transport fleet and regional climate benefits
In Brazil there are noticeable benefits for using alcohol as a fuel over traditional gasoline. This graphic illustrates the reduction in use of fossil fuels (gasoline) in favor of ethanol/alcohol. This has lead to a redu...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
South Eastern Europe to Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks
The graphic maps out the areas that are at risk, or already contaminated from nuclear industry after the break-up of the former Soviet Union. Nuclear power has unresolved problems of waste disposal. Waste remains dangero...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Solid Biomass Consumption Including Woodfuel
Fuelwood and charcoal from forests have long provided energy for heating, cooking and industry. Almost 90 per cent of the wood harvested in Africa, and 40 per cent in Asia and the Pacific, is used for fuel (FAO 2006...
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
Annual world nuclear reactor construction / Spent fuel generation
Both the volume and the level of radioactivity have to be considered – a large volume of waste with a low-level of radioactivity presents less danger than a smaller amount of waste with a high-level of radioactivity. Fo...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biofuel Production
The plants grown for biofuel production absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and combustion of the biofuel releases only the CO2 previously absorbed by the plant.
01 Oct 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nuclear waste generation
More than three-quarters of nuclear reactors currently in service are more than 20 years old. After an average service life of 30 years it takes 20 more years to dismantle them. The spent fuel figures for 2002 are nat...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Oil exports from inland Eurasia via the Mediterranean Sea, current and projected (2002 and 2010)
The Black and Mediterranean Seas are one of the main outlets for transporting fuel resources that have been extracted around the Caspian Sea region and from further inland. Oil is transported in pipelines to the ports on...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Causual pathway of conflict over resources
For violence to occur there should be someone able to extract economic profit from the situation. Access to specific natural resources is a factor that can motivate actors to use violence as means of control (diamonds, o...
16 Mar 2006 - by Luigi de Martino and Viktor Novikov
Walnut forest in the Jalal-Abad province (Kyrgyzstan)
The walnut forest is remnants of Central Asia Tertiary era subtropical forests. They are located primarily in the northern slopes of the Ferghana and Chatkal ranges of the Tien Shan and on the southern slopes of the Giss...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fossil fuel resources and oil and gas production in the Arctic
The Arctic has been opened up for increased exploration of petroleum, gas and mining activities. The Barents Sea, the Mackenzie Valley in Canada and the Alaskan North Slope, are the areas of chief interest at the moment....
06 Dec 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz & Hugo Ahlenius UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Changes in forest area
Timber is harvested from forests and plantations and used for a variety of building, manufacturing, fuel, and other needs. Forests (providing fuelwood and charcoal), agricultural crops, and manure all serve as sources of...
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Women quantify lack of control over work resources
Poor rural infrastructure such as the lack of clean water supply, electricity or fuel increases women’s work load and limits their availability for professional training, childcare and income generation. The lack of acce...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The importance of small forestry enterprises in developing countries
It is estimated that exported timber only represents 5 per cent of the wood cut in tropical forests. 10 per cent is timber used locally and the majority - 85 per cent- of wood is for fuel. While exports are generally the...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sustainable development mechanism projects by type
Of the 1003 projects falling under the framework of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which have been implemented in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean, the majority of the projects are related to renewable en...
22 Nov 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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