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Distribution of reindeer population in the Barents Region Distribution of reindeer population in the Barents Region
The rendeer population of the Barents region is broken down into 5 distinct groups to show and their range. The 5 types are: Svalbard, wild, wild forest, domesticated and wild, and domesticated or semi-domesticated. (Please note that the The Barents Euro-Arctic Council has expanded the membership since 1998)
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of lodgepole pine in Sweden Distribution of lodgepole pine in Sweden
Forest distribution in Scandinavia is affected by several different species. This is to demonstrate the concentration of lodgepole pine (pinus contorta) in Sweden. The lodgepole pine is a tall, slender tree with a narrow loose crown reaching up to 80 feet tall.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total forest area by region Total forest area by region
No data.
28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Declines in carbon in living biomass and in extent of forest Declines in carbon in living biomass and in extent of forest
No data.
28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Orangutan distribution on Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia) Orangutan distribution on Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
The distribution of Orangutan on Borneo is rapidly decreasing, as mankind is reducing the available habitat for the apes. The loss of forest, through logging, clearing and burning, means reduced opportunities for hiding and food collection. In addition, orangutans are hunted for food and to be held in captivity.
22 Jan 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: forest cover Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: forest cover
There is not a lot of forest coverage in the area. Most of the region consists of plain and lowland, wooded as in Belarus and northern Ukraine, or open steppe as elsewhere. Forests are concentrated in the relatively small mountain regions on the edges of Eastern Europe: in the Carpathians and Crimea.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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National environmental legislation, South Africa National environmental legislation, South Africa
The Working for the Environment programmes (water, fire, wetland, coast) are all supported by important national environmental legislation including the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, the Disaster Management Act, the National Veld and Forest Fire Act, the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, and the National Environment Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act.
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Value for the avoided CO2 emissions during a 25-year transition period from primary forest to oil palm or other land uses Value for the avoided CO2 emissions during a 25-year transition period from primary forest to oil palm or other land uses
For the focus areas Batang Toru and Tripa in the two main orangutan habitats (forest on non-peatlands and peat) it was calculated what the values (USD/ha) would be of the avoided CO2 emissions over a period of 25 years. For Batang Toru these ranged from 3,711-11,185 USD/ha and for Tripa from 7,420-22,094 USD/ha. Net present values (NPV) per hectare were calculated using the model in Butler et al. (2009) with the following prices (range per tCO2 ...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Tourism Tourism
Sumatran orangutan habitat offers excellent opportunities for tourism, including direct viewing of orangutans and other diverse wildlife, jungle treks and caving, rafting and bathing in rivers and hot springs, and even unspoilt sandy beaches where the forest meets the sea.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Abatement costs for transition from undisturbed forest to other land uses Abatement costs for transition from undisturbed forest to other land uses
Opportunity costs for the transition from forest to other land uses between 1994-2009 in Tripa and 1990-2009 in Batang Toru are shown. For the transition to the most profitable land-use a price of slightly more than USD 10 per tCO2 would have been sufficient to offset opportunity costs in Batang Toru. For Tripa this value is lower because of the below ground carbon stocks in the peatlands.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Conversion of forests to different land uses Conversion of forests to different land uses
Using satellite images, land use changes were determined at Batang Toru (2001-2009) and Tripa (2001-2009) to calculate overall CO2 emissions. Deforestation in both areas led to different land use transitions, with the predominant land use in Batang Toru after deforestation being disturbed forest and in Tripa, oil palm plantations.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Conversion from primary forest to other land uses, 1985-2007 Conversion from primary forest to other land uses, 1985-2007
The main driver for forest loss on peat areas in the Leuser Ecosystem was oil palm development between 1985 and 2007, while for forest on non-peatlands other land uses than oil palm contributed more to land use changes.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Land cover change in Batang Toru Land cover change in Batang Toru
Migration from the island of Nias to the West Batang Toru forests over the last two decades has been largely spontaneous. These settlers have opened up primary forests for agriculture and hunt many species of local wildlife, including orangutans. Currently at least eight Nias communities have been established inside the protected forest in the Batang Toru area, leading to the loss of more than 2,200 ha of orangutan forest habitat in specifically ...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ecosystem services value for the Leuser Ecosystem Ecosystem services value for the Leuser Ecosystem
Values for the various non-carbon ecosystem services (water, regulation of floods and landslides, fisheries, prevention and limitation of fires, agriculture, tourism, and non-timber forest products (NTFP) and biodiversity) were calculated with a discount rate of 4% over a 30-year period. Total value for ecosystem services beyond climate regulation being USD 3,735/ha.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem
Net present value (NPV) is in millions of USD over a 30-year period (2000-2030) at a 4% discount rate. The NPV for local communities under a deforestation scenario would be 3,132 million USD and under a conservation scenario 5,341 million USD. The analysis shows that the local community would benefit most from a scenario under which the forest is conserved, negative effects on ecosystem services are avoided and payments for ecosystem services ar...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest status Forest status
Most Sumatran orangutan habitat is protected by Indonesian law. The government has created a very comprehensive system of functional forest categories, and institutions responsible for managing its forests. Some areas remain highly threatened, however, including the Batang Toru Forest (production forest), and the Tripa Swamp Forest (not part of the formal forest estate).
01 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest loss from 1985-2007 for Sumatra Forest loss from 1985-2007 for Sumatra
If only the most important orangutan habitat is examined – i.e. forest below 1,000 m – for the 1985-2007 period, the rate of loss was even higher, at 28% and 49% for Aceh and North Sumatra respectively. When only the most species-rich forests (below 500 m) are considered, forest loss between 1985 and 2007 was 36% for Aceh and 61% for North Sumatra. For the carbon-rich peat swamp forests the loss was 33% for Aceh and 78% for North Sumatra.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Hunting of orangutans Hunting of orangutans
Orangutans are also still regularly killed or captured. This occurs for three main reasons: first, even today some people still hunt orangutans for food, most notably in the non-Muslim parts of North Sumatra. Second, when orangutans enter farms or plantations at the for-est edge, for example to feed on fruit trees or other crops, they are often shot or otherwise killed, and any surviving infant eventually ends up in trade or as someone’s illegal ...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Change in forest cover, 1985-2007 Change in forest cover, 1985-2007
Between 1985 and 2007, 49.3% of all forests on the island were lost. In the provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra the figures were 22.7% and 43.4%, respectively. Most forest loss has occurred in the lowlands, the very areas where orangutan density is highest.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Carbon stock for different type of land uses, on mineral and peat soil Carbon stock for different type of land uses, on mineral and peat soil
For a range of land uses that occur in Tripa (forests on peatland) and Batang Toru (forest on non-peatland) the profitability and carbon stocks were determined. Undisturbed forest clearly has the highest carbon stock while rice fields have the lowest.
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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