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Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States
EU imports 133–385 million cubic meters RWE of wood products. The US imports about 72 million. About 59 per cent of the imports to the EU and the US are paper and pulp. The wood used to produce paper and pulp is often mostly or partly declared falsely as plantation wood.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal Logging and log laundering Illegal Logging and log laundering
Mixing of legal with illegal wood, including in pulp, chips and paper is the far most common way to hide the imports of illegally procured timber.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal logging methods Illegal logging methods
The illegal trade in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimate to represent a value of 30-100 billion USD annually. An estimated 50-90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sources. Many of these illegal operations involve bribes to forest officials (in some instances noted as USD 20-50,000).
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal logging and the Congo conflict Illegal logging and the Congo conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts, as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerrillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle checkpoints and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions followi...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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The charcoal supply chain The charcoal supply chain
With current urbanization trends, households are switching from wood fuel to the affordable, convenient and readily accessible charcoal. Wood fuel and charcoal account for up to 90% of the household energy consumption in some countries, in Africa in particular. There exists today a vast illicit, unregulated trade in charcoal, in addition to the legal trade, which provides substantial funds for non-state armed groups.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Brazilian Amazone: Law enforcement operations cause 76% reduction in deforestation Brazilian Amazone: Law enforcement operations cause 76% reduction in deforestation
Brazil managed to reduce deforestation in the country primarily through a targeted and strict enforcement effort using satellite images to detect recent logging, followed by direct action by SWAT teams and investigators also of companies and networks, dropping deforestation by 64-78%.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Fuelwood production in Zambia Fuelwood production in Zambia
The consumption of fuelwood is expected to increase by 35 per cent between 2000 and 2020 (FAO 2003) and had already reached a level of 8.8 million cu m per year by 2009 (Figure 4.44). Much of the fuelwood is converted to charcoal for use in urban households or rural industries. Eighty per cent of the population continues to use solid fuels, although this is down from 86 per cent in 1990 (Government of Zambia 2008). Alternative methods need to ...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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The health of our forests The health of our forests
The importance of the world's forests to global efforts to reduce carbon emissions cannot be underestimated. While living forests are vital to reducing carbon levels in our atmosphere, deforestation accounts for an estimated 17 per cent of global carbon emissions - around 1.5 times greater than those from all the world's air, road, rail and shipping traffic combined.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Deforestation in the MAB, Guatemala case study Deforestation in the MAB, Guatemala case study
Deforestation in the MAB, Guatemala case study
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biodiversity and protected areas in Macedonia Biodiversity and protected areas in Macedonia
A map of Macedonia showing all the protected areas, national parks natural reserves. The industry sector is the main polluter in Macedonia. The primary reasons for industrial pollution are the old, inefficient technologies, inadequate control of waste, and insufficient equipment for environment protection. The most serious problems in the country are the quality of air in Veles, Bitola, and Skopje; the pollution of surface waters (as a result o...
14 Sep 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest conservation and sustainable management initiatives Forest conservation and sustainable management initiatives
In November 2009, in an attempt to preserve the forests and slow deforestation, the Governments of Guyana and Norway signed a memorandum of understanding for cooperation on issues related to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and improving sustainable development, with a particular focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the framework of REDD-plus. Within the region, Panama, the Plurinational State ...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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