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Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States
EU imports 133–385 million cubic meters RWE of wood products. The US imports about 72 million. About 59 per cent of the imports to the EU and the US are paper and pulp. The wood used to produce paper and pulp is often mostly or partly declared falsely as plantation wood.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal logging methods Illegal logging methods
The illegal trade in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimate to represent a value of 30-100 billion USD annually. An estimated 50-90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sources. Many of these illegal operations involve bribes to forest officials (in some instances noted as USD 20-50,000).
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Forests and conflicts Forests and conflicts
Around the world, conflicts and wars are taking a toll on forests and on the communities that rely on them for their livelihood. Dense forests can serve as hideouts for insurgent groups or can be a vital source of revenue for warring parties to sustain conflict.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zambia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zambia
The proportion of land area covered by forests has dropped more than six per cent since 1990, leaving two-thirds of the land under forests as shown in this figure.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Tanzania Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Tanzania
The proportion of land area covered by forests has dropped by 19 per cent since 1990 due to deforestation, leaving just over one-third of the land under forests as shown in this figure. Much of the fuelwood that is cut is converted to charcoal for use in urban households. Rural industries also use substantial amounts of fuelwood. Alternative methods need to be applied and indigenous knowledge systems should be incorporated into sustainable harv...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia
While Namibia is not heavily forested, the graphic shows a 17 per cent drop in the proportion of land area covered by forests since 1990. Just 8.8 per cent of the country was covered by forests in 2010.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique
Mozambique lost 5.5 per cent of its forests in the 20 years between 1990 and 2010, but has since launched reforestation projects which have fostered denser forest cover in the wet and fertile regions while thin savannah vegetation characterizes the drier interior (Government of Mozambique 2010). This figure depicts the proportion of land area covered by forests.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area Change in proportion of land area
Malawi is on track towards attaining half of the environmental sustainability indicators, although the land area covered by forest has declined from 32.9 percent in 1990 to 27.3 per cent in 2010. This decline can be attributed to fuelwood collection, subsistence and commercial agriculture (UNEP 2008). Tobacco farming, which accounts for almost 80 per cent of export earnings, is one of the major causes of deforestation. Government is committed to ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana
Some forest cover is lost to fuelwood that supplies 98 per cent of domestic energy in rural areas and 79 per cent in urban areas (Government of Botswana 2009), but timber operations have been banned since 1992, due to the poor forest resources base (SADC/ SARDC and others 2008). This figure shows the reduction in forest cover.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Forest cover in Zambezi Basin Countries Forest cover in Zambezi Basin Countries
The figure shows the changes in area covered by forest in the individual countries over the years.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Land area covered by forests in Angola Land area covered by forests in Angola
Angola is the most densely forested country in the Basin (FAO 2010), including tropical rainforests in the north. While some Basin states had deforestation rates as high as 2.2 per cent, Angola shows a rate of between 0.1 and 0.2 per cent, although this is estimated as many of the forested areas were inaccessible for a long period. There has been no forestry inventory in Angola since independence in 1975, but the Ministry of Agriculture estimat...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal Timber from the Congo Illegal Timber from the Congo
Political economic networks often provide forceful drivers for small-scale illegal logging and timber trade. Many of these networks bring together not only powerful actors from the private sector but als government officials, including the very officials responsible for enforcing logging bans, harvest regulations, and restrictions on timber trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Black wood dependency Black wood dependency
China is probably the largest importer of wood products with illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Ten ways to conduct illegal logging Ten ways to conduct illegal logging
Illegal logging takes place in many forms, from illegal logging in protected areas or large-scale illegal logging without permits in remote areas, conflict zones and border areas, to adavanced laundering operations mixing legal with illegal logs through bribery, re-definition of forest classification, forged permits, exceeding legal concessions and clearing or laundering through plantations, biofuel production and ranching establishments.
04 Oct 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Causes of illegal logging Causes of illegal logging
There are many different causes of illegal logging. This model illustrates the causes of illegal logging in Indonesia.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle check points and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions followin...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal charcoal trade Illegal charcoal trade
Many protected areas are home to an abundance of rare wood species in high demand for panels, floors and furniture. They may also hold some of the last remaining concentrations of high density wood for charcoal.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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The health of our forests The health of our forests
The importance of the world's forests to global efforts to reduce carbon emissions cannot be underestimated. While living forests are vital to reducing carbon levels in our atmosphere, deforestation accounts for an estimated 17 per cent of global carbon emissions - around 1.5 times greater than those from all the world's air, road, rail and shipping traffic combined.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Locations reported by various studies as undergoing high rates of land cover change in the past few decades Locations reported by various studies as undergoing high rates of land cover change in the past few decades
In the case of forest cover change, the studies refer to the period 1980–2000 and are based on national statistics, remote sensing, and to a limited degree expert opinion. In the case of land cover change resulting from degradation in drylands (desertification), the period is unspecified but inferred to be within the last half-century, and the major study was entirely based on expert opinion, with associated low certainty.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries
Gains and losses in forest area vary globally, and the impact divers greatly between the various crops used for biofuels. Forest-cover is enhanced through aorestation or by natural expansion, and reduced either by deforestation or natural disasters which may prevent forest from naturally regenerating itself. Forest degeneration is often caused by overexploitation of forest areas by humans, pests, disease or recurrent forest fires. Generally,...
01 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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