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The bushmeat chain reaction The bushmeat chain reaction
The illicit bushmeat trade involves a series of underlying socio-economic factors, but leads, with rising population densities, to local depletions of wildlife species, and increasingly inside protected areas.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Effects on Agriculture - SLCPs, a Threat to Agricultural Productivity Effects on Agriculture - SLCPs, a Threat to Agricultural Productivity
SLCPs, especially tropospheric O3, detrimentally impact ecosystems including crop yields, and are affecting food security. Present day global relative yield losses due to tropospheric O3 exposure has been estimated for four major crops and range between 7-12% for wheat, 6-16% for soybean, 3-5% for rice and 3-5% for maize.
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
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Mercury in food and products Mercury in food and products
Even now, mercury is commonplace in daily life. Electrical and electronic devices, switches (including thermostats) and relays, measuring and control equipment, energy- efficient fluorescent light bulbs, batteries, mascara, skin- lightening creams and other cosmetics which contain mercury, dental fillings and a host of other consumables are used across the globe. Food products obtained from fish, terrestrial mammals and other products such as ric...
11 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Trends in Food prices Trends in Food prices
FAO Food Price Index
09 Mar 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius/GRID-Arendal
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Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development
Figure 27: Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development. (Source: GLOBIO; Alkemade et al., 2009).
01 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global soil degradation Global soil degradation
In many parts of the world natural resources have been treated as though unlimited, and totally resilient to human exploitation. This perception has exacerbated the conflicting agricultural demands on natural capital, as have other exploitative commercial enterprises. Both have affected local cultures and had undesirable long-term impacts on the sustainability of resources. The consequences include: land degradation (about 2,000 million ha of lan...
03 Jan 2008 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production
Production gains are attributed to improved crop varieties and livestock, soil management, improved access to resources (nutrients and water), infrastructure developments, policy initiatives, microfinance, education, better communication and advances in market and trade systems. This has also increased the demand and use of irrigation, phosphorus and nitrogen.
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Natural ecosystem conversion Natural ecosystem conversion
It is clear that much land needs to be kept for agricultural use but it is also possible that the area required for food production will stabilize in the future.
03 Oct 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ringed seal pupping lair, with the pup in the lair and the female approaching the haul-out hole from the water Ringed seal pupping lair, with the pup in the lair and the female approaching the haul-out hole from the water
Ringed seals are the 'classic' Arctic seal in many regards, being found as far north as the Pole because of their ability to keep breathing holes open in ice that can reach 2 metres in depth. This species is certainly one of the most vulnerable of the high-Arctic seals to the declines in the extent or quality of sea ice because so many aspects of their life-history and distribution are tied to ice. Ringed seals also require sufficient snow cover...
01 Nov 2007 - by Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Cereals Cereals
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the production of cereals in Baltic countries in 1998.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Cod, age 1 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass Cod, age 1 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic compares recruitment and spawning stock biomass of cod.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Rainwater partitioning in India Rainwater partitioning in India
India is facing a food supply challenge with more than one billion inhabitants, and out of them 35% below the poverty line. This analysis of the rainwater partitioning show that there is room for India to use more water than the current status, to increase food production, and ultimately reduce poverty (MDG1)– while still retaining healthy aquatic ecosystems (11% of the rainwater needed for MDG7). A similar analysis conducted for Kenya show, for ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Malnutrition and Famine Malnutrition and Famine
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa face chronic malnutrition, with frequent famine episodes. This graphic shows the locations of areas in Africa which face chronic malnutrition (less than 2300 calories per day and per capita, 1995-1997), areas which are affected by food shortages, the main areas that have experienced famines during the last thirty years (approximately 1966 to 1996) and the locations of the main conflicts that occurred in Africa...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Food Production Index Food Production Index
Per capita food production is declining in Africa, but it is increasing steadily in the world as a whole. This graphic shows the net food production per capita (PIN base 1989-1991) for Africa and for the world for the time period 1961 to 2001.
17 May 2005 - by Digout, Delphine, based on a sketch by Philippe Rekacewicz; UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Impact of Temperature Rise on Tea in Kenya Impact of Temperature Rise on Tea in Kenya
Increasing temperatures will likely affect major crops such as tea in Kenya. Major impacts on food production will come from changes in temperature, moisture levels, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, CO2 levels, and pests and diseases. This graphic shows the current locations of tea-growing areas in Kenya, and how some of these areas are expected to become less suitable for tea-growing if there is a temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius.
17 May 2005 - by Otto Simonett, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change vulnerability in Africa Climate change vulnerability in Africa
Multiple stresses make most of Africa highly vulnerable to environmental changes, and climate change is likely to increase this vulnerability. This graphic shows which of the regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean Islands) are most vulnerable to specific impacts of climate change. These impacts include desertification, sea level rise, reduced freshwater availability,...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in organic farming in Croatia Trends in organic farming in Croatia
The agronomist, Sonja Karoglan Todorovic, reckons organic farming reflects overall social developments, and, as the head of Ecologica, she should know what she is talking about. Launched eight years ago, the organization defends the interests of Croatia’s organic farmers and contributes to their training, a task that requires a lot of determination.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Organic farming in Europe, surface area by country Organic farming in Europe, surface area by country
Shelves in western Europe are increasingly laden with 'organic' products and growing numbers of consumers are giving preference to quality food rather than standardized imported tomatoes and frozen chicken.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Forest per Total Land Area Forest per Total Land Area
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) there are at present just under 4 billion hectares of forest in the world, covering in all about 30 per cent of the world’s land area (FAO 2006a).
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Recycling rates for selected OECD countries Recycling rates for selected OECD countries
The priority now is to decrease the amount of waste we generate. That means changing our consumption patterns, for example by choosing products that use recyclable material, market fresh produce instead of canned food, less packaging and easily recyclable containers (for example glass instead of plastic). It also means recycling – sorting, collecting, processing and reusing materials that would otherwise be handled as wastes. This graphic present...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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