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Wood exports from Congo Basin Wood exports from Congo Basin
China is probably the largest importer of wood products of illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU, and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Annual Value of Illegal Logging Annual Value of Illegal Logging
The official value of the global wood trade has been estimated at around US $327 billion dollars (FAO, 2007; UNEP 2009). If illegal logging consists of as much as 10-30 per cent of the total logging worldwide, with some estimates as highg as 20-50 per cent when the laundering of illegal wood is included, then the value of it is at least US $30-100 billion (NCB-Rome 2008; INTERPOL/World Bank 2009).
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal Logging and Log Laundering Illegal Logging and Log Laundering
A key element in illegal logging schemes is the laundering of the illegal timber and other wood products. This is the primary way that illegal logs are transported, processed and exported or manufactured, thereby bypassing the majority of certification schemes and efforts to avoid illegal imports.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Black wood dependency Black wood dependency
China is probably the largest importer of wood products with illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal logging bottlenecks Illegal logging bottlenecks
Illegal timber has to be aggregated and funnelled by road or river transport to a limited number of destinations domestically or for export, which creates a bottleneck in the illegal trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Exchange of electricity in the Nordic countries, 1996 Exchange of electricity in the Nordic countries, 1996
The graph shows exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in TWh. The Nordic countries have a long tradition of cross-border cooperation in providing an efficient and reliable power supply. The main reason for these exchanges has been that each of these countries has a different mix of power generation facilities. In the later years, from around 1997, the cooperation has changed from being an oligopoly structure with dominant state-owned e...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Exports of pharmaceutical plants from Central Europe compared to gross national income (GNI) per capita Exports of pharmaceutical plants from Central Europe compared to gross national income (GNI) per capita
The Balkans are one of the most competitive sources on the world market. However, stocks of many wild species have recently declined. Some species are now rare or endangered due to the loss of their natural habitat, excessive picking, soil erosion and other factors.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Mobile phones per 1000 people Mobile phones per 1000 people
The Basel Convention has before it an amendment which would ban the export of hazardous waste for disposal to developing countries. Some countries (for example those in the European Union) have already implemented this proposed amendment. In addition countries like China have banned the importation of e-waste, although significant volumes are still entering the country illegally.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001 Export waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001
Australia is not a big player in the waste trade, but a good percentage of its exports are shipped all the way to Europe. In 2000 Australia reported the export of 16 689 tonnes of waste (all classifi ed as hazardous) to New Zealand, Belgium, Great Britain, France and Austria. More than half the waste consisted of used lead acid batteries, which were moved across the Tasman Sea to New Zealand. Most of the rest of the waste (described as lead dro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in shipping Trends in shipping
The graphic displays the development of seaborne trade in crude oil and products to other major bulks and dry goods. It covers the period from 1970 to 2000. The growth in maritime transportation is strongly correlated with the growth in international trade. Major fluctuations in export values in the 1970s and 1980s were mainly linked with oil price variations. More recently, the development of containerized maritime transportation has been linked...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gross product per person 1950-1994 Gross product per person 1950-1994
The graphic shows the evolution of gross world product per person from 1950 to 1994 in U.S Dollars. It clearly shows the steady and periodically dramatical growth of the gross world product per person since 1950.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland in 1997 Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland in 1997
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous waste exported from Switzerland in 1997 according to export data and according to import data, as reported by parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. It also shows the amount of waste that was disposed of, and the methods of disposal used, according to both sets of data. The graphic also illustrates the amount and type of material...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes to Switzerland from Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes to Switzerland from Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes, in tonnes, imported to Switzerland from other countries in 1997. The amounts are based on export data and the graphic shows that the following countries imported hazardous wastes and other wastes to Switzerland in 1997: Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Austria. It shows that by far the largest amount of waste was imported from Germany. This graphic should be compare...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Non-OECD Countries to OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Non-OECD Countries to OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total transboundary movement in 1997 of hazardous wastes and other wastes from non-OECD to OECD countries that were reporting parties in 1997 to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the total amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes transferred, in millions of metric tonnes, based on export data from non-OECD countries, and based on impo...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes into Switzerland in 1997 Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes into Switzerland in 1997
This graphic shows the amounts and types of hazardous wastes and other wastes imported into Switzerland in 1997, based on export data and based on import data. It also shows the amount of waste disposed of, and the methods used according to export data and according to import data. The graphic also illustrates the amount and type of material recycled according to both sets of data. No information is presented on the amount of material that was ha...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes among OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes among OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total transboundary movement in 1997 of hazardous wastes and other wastes among OECD countries that were reporting parties in 1997 to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the total amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes transferred, in millions of metric tonnes, based on export data and based on import data. The amounts are shown accor...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes from OECD to Non-OECD Countries in 1997 Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes from OECD to Non-OECD Countries in 1997
This graphic shows the total amount of hazardous wastes transferred from OECD to non-OECD countries that were reporting parties, as of 1997, to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The graphic shows the amount and type of waste transferred according to export data from OECD countries, and according to import data from non-OECD countries. No information is presented on the disposal ...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Disposal Operations in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes Disposal Operations in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes
This figure shows the total amounts of hazardous waste disposed of through 16 different methods in 1997 by parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. It shows the amounts based on export data and based on import data. List of D-codes (disposal methods) from the full report: 'D1, D2 and D4 (landfill, land treatment); D3 and D12 (underground storage); D5 (specially engineered la...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland to Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland to Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data
This graphic shows the amounts of hazardous wastes and other wastes, in tonnes, exported from Switzerland to other countries in 1997. The amounts are based on export data, and shows that Switzerland exported wastes to the following countries: the United States, the United Kingdom, Belgium, France, Spain, Italy, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Finland. The graphic shows that by far the largest amount of waste was exported to Germany. This gr...
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Reporting Parties on Export Data in 1997 Reporting Parties on Export Data in 1997
This graphic shows, as of 1997, which of the parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal had reported [export] data, which had reported that there was no export [of hazardous wastes], which had 'reported on unavailability of [export] data' and which had not responded.
06 Mar 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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