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Major cities in Europe, Russia and NIS (with over one million inhabitants) Major cities in Europe, Russia and NIS (with over one million inhabitants)
In 2000, the world had 6.1 billion human inhabitants. This number could rise to more than 9 billion in the next 50 years. For the last 50 years, world population multiplied more rapidly than ever before, and more rapidly than it will ever grow in the future.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export volumes of pharmaceutical plants from Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia and Romania in 2000 Export volumes of pharmaceutical plants from Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia and Romania in 2000
The greater Balkan region is remarkably rich with the potential to play an important part in the regional and global market for medicinal plants. In terms of quantity, Bulgaria and Albania are the two leading exporters in southeast Europe, the former ranking among the top 10 exporters worldwide.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Exports of pharmaceutical plants from Central Europe compared to gross national income (GNI) per capita Exports of pharmaceutical plants from Central Europe compared to gross national income (GNI) per capita
The Balkans are one of the most competitive sources on the world market. However, stocks of many wild species have recently declined. Some species are now rare or endangered due to the loss of their natural habitat, excessive picking, soil erosion and other factors.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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The Bor copper mines The Bor copper mines
Southeast Europe, as we have seen, has a long history of mining base and precious metals, reaching back to the fifth century BC at least. In Serbia, for example, archaeological exploration of the Bor site suggests that copper mining started in prehistoric times.
30 Nov 2007 - by Unknown
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Forest fires in Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Bulgaria Forest fires in Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Bulgaria
The summer of 2007 brought another heat wave to the Balkans, with widespread forest fires. The extent of burnt forest may differ a great deal from one year to the next, but it is quite clear that over the past 20 years, the frequency of forest fires has gradually increased in southeast Europe.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Organic farming in Europe, surface area by country Organic farming in Europe, surface area by country
Shelves in western Europe are increasingly laden with 'organic' products and growing numbers of consumers are giving preference to quality food rather than standardized imported tomatoes and frozen chicken.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Output from copper mines in Serbia 1990-2005, compared to Western Europe Output from copper mines in Serbia 1990-2005, compared to Western Europe
Between 1944 and 1991, the mining, processing, and downstream exploitation of base metals established the Balkans as a major European source of copper, lead, zinc and a global producer of chromite. Mining was one of the flagship industrial sectors, influencing the area more largely than in simply economic terms.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Protected areas in the Balkans Protected areas in the Balkans
Southeast Europe boasts a wide variety of landscapes, ecosystems and endemic species. What is unusual is that such valuable areas, which fully deserve protection, should often be located in two or more jurisdictions, as is the case here.
30 Nov 2007 - by UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Europe
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The Balkans - topography The Balkans - topography
Southeast Europe boasts a wide variety of landscapes, ecosystems and endemic species. What is unusual is that such valuable areas, which fully deserve protection, should often be located in two or more jurisdictions, as is the case here.
30 Nov 2007 - by Unknown
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Main Flow of Illegally Logged Timber to Europe Main Flow of Illegally Logged Timber to Europe
No data
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Global Biofuel Production Global Biofuel Production
Demand for land for production of biomass for energy is putting increasing pressure on forests. Energy security concerns, high oil prices and climate mitigation policies aimed at replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy, have all led to a greater interest in biofuels. The transport sector is using increasing quantities of ethanol, mainly produced from sugar cane, corn and cassava, as a substitute for petrol (gasoline), and biodiese...
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Solid Biomass Consumption Including Woodfuel Solid Biomass Consumption Including Woodfuel
Fuelwood and charcoal from forests have long provided energy for heating, cooking and industry. Almost 90 per cent of the wood harvested in Africa, and 40 per cent in Asia and the Pacific, is used for fuel (FAO 2006a). Wood pellets, typically produced in North America and Europe from sawdust and other timber by-products, are increasingly used in stoves, boilers and power stations (Peksa-Blanchard et al. 2007)
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Landfilling and incinerating still leading in Europe Landfilling and incinerating still leading in Europe
As the garbage pile gets higher and the environmental conscience sharpens, it is now recognized that producing waste at this rate is no longer acceptable. Now is the time for “integrated waste management” and its motto – “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” (the famous 3 Rs) – a practice that most developing countries started to apply long before it was even formulated. As waste disposal strategies evolve, the consumption rates in the developed world are que...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement) Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement)
The global consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Over the 20-year period ending in 1994, the world population increased by 40% – in that same period, the world consumption of cement increased by 77%, and plastics by just under 200%… Among raw materials used for construction, only crude steel registered a growth rate that was significantly lower (only 3% from 1974 to 1994) than the rate of population increase. (University of Minnesota, ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Export waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001 Export waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001
Australia is not a big player in the waste trade, but a good percentage of its exports are shipped all the way to Europe. In 2000 Australia reported the export of 16 689 tonnes of waste (all classifi ed as hazardous) to New Zealand, Belgium, Great Britain, France and Austria. More than half the waste consisted of used lead acid batteries, which were moved across the Tasman Sea to New Zealand. Most of the rest of the waste (described as lead dro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Shipbreaking in Asia Shipbreaking in Asia
Prior to 1970, shipbeaking was concentrated in Europe. It was a highly mechanised activity carried out at docks by skilled workers. However the increasing cost of upholding environmental health and safety guidelines made it unprofitable. So the industry moved from the steel capped boots and hard hats of Europe to the bare footed workers of Asia. It is estimated that approximately 100 000 Asians are employed as ship breakers. (International Labou...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World population development World population development
World population exceeded 6.1 billion individuals in 2001, and is growing at about 1.3 percent annually. Over sixty percent of the world’s population lives in Asia, 13 percent live in Africa and 12 percent live in Europe; the remaining 14 percent live in the Americas and Oceania.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Acid rain in Europe Acid rain in Europe
Acid rain become a major transboundary enviromental issue in the late twentieth century. In Europe there were varying levels of the threat from acid rain. Poland were almost entire covered by medium to high risk of acid rain.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World consumption and prognoses of primary energy World consumption and prognoses of primary energy
The graphic shows the world oil, natural gas and coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It Shows trends from 1990 to 2001, and predicts the patterns to 2020. The use of oil is predicted to increase in all regions, except for Western Europe where it will stay relatively stabil. Natural gas will also increase, especially in north America. The use of coal will decrease in most regions except for North America.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Wilderness in Norway and Europe Wilderness in Norway and Europe
This map shows wilderness in Norway and Svalbard. For the Norway map wilderness is defined as areas more than 5 km from roads, railways, power lines and other major man-made changes/installations. The European map uses a different definition of wilderness with 6 km as the excluding distance. Also, areas smaller than 4000 km2 are excluded from the map.
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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