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The industry's self-commitment to phase out mercury use in the chlor-alkali industry
Efforts to confront the threat posed by mercury to human health and the environment have grown over the last decades. There are a number of initiatives aiming, for example, to reduce the use of mercury in products, to re...
11 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
By-passing flow of investment to illegal logging
The Norwegian sovereign wealth fund is an example of a governance mechanism employed in an attempt to limit investment in companies involved in illegal logging.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Major mineral fuel resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
Mineral fuels for electricity and heat generation take primarily two forms: fossil fuels in the form of oil, natural gas and coal, and uranimum ore for nuclear power. Oil and gas are distributed in different belts, prima...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The expansion of the European Union, political map 1957, 1987, 1997 and 2007
The political map and landscape in Europe has changed drastically in the period of 1957-2007. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the European Communities was formed in 1957 by the treaty of Rome, with six signator...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World ocean thermohaline circulation (alternative version)
The global conveyor belt thermohaline circulation is driven primarily by the formation and sinking of deep water (from around 1500m to the Antarctic bottom water overlying the bottom of the ocean) in the Norwegian Sea. W...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in life expectancy in Europe, 1980 and 1990
Life expectancy has increased in all countries surveyed in this graphic, from both Western and Eastern Europe. In the Western European countries, life expectancy at the end of the eighties is higher than 72 years old, wi...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources in Europe
The amount of natural water resorces available per inhabitant in Europe, in cubic meter per year. Water resources are at the highest in the Nordic countries and Central an Easter Europe, while scarce in Western/Central E...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Renewable water resources in Europe
Water resources are a major political issure with most European countries a large portion of their fresh water supply orginating from other countries. Hungary has over 90 percent of its fresh water coming from river flow...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources in Europe
On the continental scale, Europe appears to have abundant water resources. However, these resources are unevenly distributed, both between and within countries. Once population density is taken into account, the disequit...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Renewable water resources
Renewable water represents the main water resource available to society. This is the water that is continously recharged in the hydrological cycle. This graphic shows renewable resources in cubic meter per capita in East...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers
The graphic shows the development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers. Water resources in Europe have been profoundly influenced over the past century by human activities, including the construction...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relative importance given to environmental issues
The graphic shows relative importance given to environmental issues in different regions of the world, listing Asia-Pacific and Europe as the regions with most environmental issues of critical importance.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, Arctic Russia 2002 and scenarios
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe and Asia GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. Much of Arctic Russia is very sparsely populated and will remain one of the World's few wilderne...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius and Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Impact, Southern Norway 2002
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. In addition to the human impact on the mountains of Southern Norway this also displays selected protected...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Impact, Southern Norway 2052
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. In addition to the human impact on the mountains of Southern Norway this also displays selected protected...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 1700 (approximately)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the situation as it could have been before the advent of industrialization, with very little...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation
The Kyoto Protocol is only a first step towards combating climate change. Drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions are required to avoid the most threatening consequences of global warming. Concerns are raised that...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sources of electricity in Latin America and the Caribbean
Shows the amount of power that is used in the three main regions from fossil fuels, hydropower and other sources. While Central America and the Caribbean have a very carbon intense electricity production, even more inte...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Land mines in the Balkans
Some 11 countries in Europe (Western, Central Europe and the Balkans) are affected by anti-personnel mines. Several Balkan countries are severely affected as a result of the recent armed conflicts. However, the long-term...
01 May 2003 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of physicians per 100 000 inhabitants in Europe
The graphic shows the number of physicians per 100 000 inhabitants in Europe. As the World Health Organization, which compiled this data, notes, 'Estimates of health personnel are extremely difficult to obtain.'
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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