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Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production Global trends in cereal and meat production; total use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers; increased use of irrigation; total global pesticides production
Production gains are attributed to improved crop varieties and livestock, soil management, improved access to resources (nutrients and water), infrastructure developments, policy initiatives, microfinance, education, better communication and advances in market and trade systems. This has also increased the demand and use of irrigation, phosphorus and nitrogen.
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania
In an effort to bring back life to the degraded and over-used lands of the poor Shinyanga region of Tanzania, the government has brought back the traditional practice of Ngitili. Vegetation and trees are nurtured in enclosures and managed through the community. The practice initiative has been a success, through education, guidance and empowerment of local institutions. Not only are there benefits from the grown products, depicted in this figure,...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human development - socio-economic indicators in central and east Europe, 2004 Human development - socio-economic indicators in central and east Europe, 2004
Central and Eastern Europe is varied in the levels of development indicators such as, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Human Development Index (HDI), life expectancy and education. Some of the Balkan states do not have the appropriate information gathered to be included but the ones that do show the area is lagging behind.
06 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Human Development Index (HDI) in 2002 Human Development Index (HDI) in 2002
Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interests. People are the real wealth of nations. Development is thus about expanding the choices people have to lead lives that they value. And it is thus about much more than economic growth, which is only a means — ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Development Index for the World regions in 1994 Human Development Index for the World regions in 1994
The UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative benchmark indicator of living standards and development, taking into account poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, childbirth, and other factors for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gender equality and empowerment of women: eliminate differences in education Gender equality and empowerment of women: eliminate differences in education
In increasing living standards, sustainability and livelihoods and eliminating poverty, gender equality and education are seen as some of the main means. This is further recognized in the Millennium Development Goals, as goal 3: 'Promote gender equality and empower women'. This map illustrates one of the indicators for indicator 9 (target 4) under this goal, and the Millennium Project assesses the current progress in reaching the goal as good for...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human Development Index (HDI) for the Caspian Sea countries Human Development Index (HDI) for the Caspian Sea countries
The characteristic feature in all four post-Soviet countries (Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan) is a relatively high level of education in relation to national income and rather low life expectancy, indicating high levels of poverty and deficient healthcare. In contrast the level for all three indicators in Iran is fairly balanced.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health expenditures, 1996-2002 - Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Iran and Kazakhstan Health expenditures, 1996-2002 - Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Iran and Kazakhstan
Decline in public expenditure on health and education, the general level of public health is either steady or actually declining. Inequality is on the rise, with the switch to a two-tier health service under which payment is demanded for an increasing range of treatments, putting them out of the reach of much of the population.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Infant mortality in the Caspian Sea region Infant mortality in the Caspian Sea region
Even if over the last two decades, or perhaps longer, the fertility rate has dropped significantly, the authorities nevertheless have to cope with all the health, education and employment problems associated with a rapidly rising, youthful population. Infant mortality is still a serious issue in the region and an important indicator on the overall status of the health care system.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Primary School Enrolment and Agroclimatic Zones Primary School Enrolment and Agroclimatic Zones
Education levels in West Africa are a major concern. This map shows the levels of primary school enrolment of children in comparison to the type of agroclimate. The more arid the zone there is a very noticeable drop in the percentage of school enrolment.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Primary School Enrolment and Land Degradation Primary School Enrolment and Land Degradation
Education levels in West Africa are a major concern. This map shows the levels of primary school enrolment of children in comparison to the type level of land degradation. The more land degradation there is and there becomes a very noticeable drop in the percentage of school enrolment.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Female Literacy and accessibility (Burkina Faso and Mali) Female Literacy and accessibility (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have an extremely high percentage of adult female literacy. This map helps demonstrate the possible correlation between the level of access to markets and infrastructures based on road quality and town size to the levels of literacy.
04 Oct 2005 - by Manon Desforges, Anne Estoppey, Anila Ciba, Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, Claudia Hebrlein, Otto Simonett
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Human Development Indicators by Agroclimatic Zones Human Development Indicators by Agroclimatic Zones
A Set of charts of the Human Development Indicators based on the agroclimatic zones of West Africa. They show the levels of child mortality, stunted growth, primary school enrollment and adult female literacy rates.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global human development indicators Global human development indicators
Poverty is multidimensional. It varies in scale and context (political, social, cultural, ecological, historical, economic). The rural poor face different challenges from those in urban areas: they are concerned with natural resources (access, quality), whereas the urban poor care about access to energy, housing and sanitation, and about the quality and availability of water.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, assisted by Lucie Dejouhanet, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change impacts that could affect attainment of the Millennium Development Goals Climate change impacts that could affect attainment of the Millennium Development Goals
Sustainability in the Latin American and Caribbean countries may be affected by climate change impacts. Costs associated with climate change can intensify budget constraints as countries attempt to reduce poverty and work towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals. Food security will be affected because of a decline in the productivity of staple grains, natural disasters and drought may reduce the time available for children’s education. It...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters
This graphic illustrates the strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonally oxygen-depleted waters. There is a strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonal oxygen-depleted waters. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on treating and reducing municipal and industrial waste, and on reducing nitrogen levels in agricultural runoff. However, less...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, (Le Monde diplomatique) February 2008
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Human trafficking in Nepal - Patterns Human trafficking in Nepal - Patterns
Maiti Nepal rescues an estimated 2,000 thousand girls each year, including children and women intercepted at borders and victims liberated from brothels and from various forms of abuse and exploitation. It provides them with education, protection and rehabilitation. Current estimates are that Maiti Nepal receives over 4,000 thousand reports of missing young women suspected of being abducted every year. The majority, an estimated 70%, are sold an...
05 Dec 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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