Value of ecosystem services
Biodiversity is the basis for any development; it is the natural capital, the stock of natural ecosystems, which provide services for any human activity. As pointed out above, the main immediate threat to biodiversity from biofuel production is through changes in land use, but longer-term threats may come from the spread of invasive species and uncontrolled use of
genetically modified (GM) organisms.
The environmental and social costs of losi...
01 Oct 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal