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Estimated ecosystem services value Estimated ecosystem services value
Marine ecosystem services have substantial economic value. While exact figures are still debated, attempts to estimate the value of coastal ecosystem services have found such values to be on the order of trillions of US dollars annually (Costanza, et al., 1997). Nearly three-quarters of this value resides in coastal zones (Martínez, et al., 2007). These ecosystem services offer a renewable opportunity to meet basic human needs, support a healthy...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Value of ecosystem services Value of ecosystem services
Biodiversity is the basis for any development; it is the natural capital, the stock of natural ecosystems, which provide services for any human activity. As pointed out above, the main immediate threat to biodiversity from biofuel production is through changes in land use, but longer-term threats may come from the spread of invasive species and uncontrolled use of genetically modified (GM) organisms. The environmental and social costs of losi...
01 Oct 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal