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Tag: Economy

Trends in tourism
Shows the amount of international tourist and the amount of tourist receipts from 1950 to 2000. Tourism, which has expanded dramatically over the past 50 years, looks set to continue growing, as societies become more mob...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Grain production in Rwanda
The graphic shows the grain production in Rwanda in metric tonnes from 1960 to 1995. the graphic shows the dramatic reduction in grain production in the 1990s to one third of peak levels. The main grain crops produced ar...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Evolution of the world grain production, comparison World, Europe, China, Africa
The graph Compares the amount of grain production of Europe, China and Africa to the world. It shows Europe as both the leading grain producer and as the region with the most dramatic increase in grain production since 1...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Agriculture in Africa, value added out of GDP
For the future of Africa, agriculture remains one of the most important issues. A majority of the population, especially outside urban areas, are involved in agriculture, and food security is one of the most important is...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Heftingsdalen shipping area
At the entrance to the plant, which covers more than 15 hectares, a sign announces:“Compost, bark and wood shavings for sale”. Other waste is separated, packed and redirected to logistics centres elsewhere in Norway and...
15 Dec 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Major merchandise ports [and likely waste transit points]
Unscrupulous waste trade became a serious concern in the 1980s due to three converging factors: increasing amounts of hazardous waste; inadequate processing plants; and stricter regulations in the developed world with gr...
15 Dec 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay
Transboundary movements of waste among Parties to the Convention
Describing and quantifying global trade in waste is difficult. The official figures compiled by the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal are a good start, but...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Waste scavengers of Buenos Aires
In Buenos Aires informal waste collectors recover 9 to 17 per cent of municipal waste, representing an estimated saving for the municipality of US$30 000 to US$70 000 a day or US$3.5 to US$7 per collector. Scavenger ho...
15 Dec 2006 - by Stéphane Kluser
Waste management choices in Europe
Not long ago the amount and composition of waste was such that it could be simply diluted and dispersed into the environment. Most items were reused and only a few remained, that would not decompose naturally. With indus...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Trafficking waste stories
Despite international efforts to halt dumping of illegal waste outrageous incidents occur. Collating relevant data is difficult but there is no doubt about the damage. Toxic waste causes long-term poisoning of soil and w...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Caspian Sea and the world: the stage and the actors
The Caspian Sea region presents a wealth of opportunities in various aspect, including bioresources, transport corridors, and not ecotourism. These new ventures may bring increased prosperity, but they also put pressure...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Markets for Caspian oil and gas
The prospects for rapid oil wealth contrast with fast spreading poverty following the collapse of the Soviet economy. Although massive investment has suddenly been channelled into the area, its effect is still both geogr...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Transportation projects converging on the Caspian Sea
For many years, coastal navigation has connected republics in the former Soviet Union. It used the only outlet from the Caspian, the Volga-Don canal, which connects the Black Sea and the Russian canal system to the Balti...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompa...
17 May 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish catch and production
Fishing activities have various negative impacts on marine ecosystems. The greatest cause for concern is the rapid depletion of fish population due to extensive commercial fishing. In 2002 72% of the world’s marine fish...
01 Feb 2006 - by Stéphane Kluser
Economies at risk - disasters, poverty and agricultural dependence
Natural disasters and conflict disrupts the livelihoods and financial stability of countries, and the people. A high dependence on agriculture signifies a high sensitivity to changes in the environment, such as drought a...
07 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompa...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Crushed by war - world conflicts
For people in countries at war or subject to economic embargos many goods are scarce, food and water constituting the most crucial shortages. But they also have to deal regularly with death and injury. In such countries ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Economy in the Central Asia
The economy of the various countries within the Aral Sea region sometimes greatly differ in inflation, debt and GDP. This is a report on the economies of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Economy in the Central Asia [Russian]
The economy of the various countries within the Aral Sea region sometimes greatly differ in inflation, debt and GDP. This is a report on the economies of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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