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A great socio economic diversity for Small Island Developing States A great socio economic diversity for Small Island Developing States
Small island developing states (SIDS) are a group of countries that “share similar sustainable development challenges, including small population, limited resources, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks and excessive dependence on international trade. Their growth and development is often further stymied by high transportation and communication costs, disproportionately expensive public administration and infras...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Human population growth rates, 1990–2000, and per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and biological productivity in 2000 in ecological systems Human population growth rates, 1990–2000, and per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and biological productivity in 2000 in ecological systems
Millennium Assessment systems with the lowest net primary productivity and lowest GDP tended to have the highest population growth rates between 1990 and 2000. Urban, inland water, and marine systems are not included due to the somewhat arbitrary nature of determining net primary productivity of the system (urban) or population growth and GDP (freshwater and marine) for them.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Public and private agriculture research and development spending by region, 2000 Public and private agriculture research and development spending by region, 2000
Investments in agricultural research and development (R&D) are still growing, but the growth rate declined during the 1990s. In addition, investment trends among countries have increasingly diverged. Investment in publicly funded agricultural R&D in many industrialized countries has stalled or declined and has become a small proportion of total spending on science and technology (S&T).
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global soil degradation Global soil degradation
In many parts of the world natural resources have been treated as though unlimited, and totally resilient to human exploitation. This perception has exacerbated the conflicting agricultural demands on natural capital, as have other exploitative commercial enterprises. Both have affected local cultures and had undesirable long-term impacts on the sustainability of resources. The consequences include: land degradation (about 2,000 million ha of lan...
03 Jan 2008 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Solid waste management cost for selected cities Solid waste management cost for selected cities
As garbage piles up, however much space we set aside for landfill, we are beginning to realise that producing waste at this rate is no longer viable. It is time for the three “Rs”: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and integrated waste management. Waste management strategies are as diverse as waste itself. But whatever we do there is no escaping the “waste of waste” (unless we rein in our greed and buy less).
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
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Passenger car density 2 Passenger car density 2
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows passenger car density in Baltic countries in 1997.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Passenger car density Passenger car density
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows passenger car density in 1997.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World development: health and economy World development: health and economy
By looking more closely at the regions we can see that the situation in the world is quite diverse. This chart portrays the status of development with two important parameters, health and economy. Regions, like Sub-Saharan Africa or the Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Republics) are quite spread out widely in the diagram, in both dimensions. Worth noting is the countries far from the imaginary line towards the top right corner....
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation
The Kyoto Protocol is only a first step towards combating climate change. Drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions are required to avoid the most threatening consequences of global warming. Concerns are raised that the price for the economy will be too high, but studies indicate that there will only be a small reduction in GDP to reach the Kyoto targets and that it is possible to stabilize the concentration of CO2 at low costs. The GDP los...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial sites in Kosovo Industrial sites in Kosovo
In Kosovo mining itself promises to create 35 000 jobs. A large part of this plan is associated with the exploitation of lignite (a type of coal), which is supposed to be used exclusively for electricity generation. On the basis of existing demand for electricity in Kosovo, the known deposits would produce sufficient energy for about 1 000 years.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Economic trends in the Balkans, GDP 1995-2005 Economic trends in the Balkans, GDP 1995-2005
All of the Balkans countries have shown an increase in the Gross Domestic Product from the period spanning 1995 - 2005. However Slovenia and Croatia have shown the most notable increases and Macedonia barely showing an increase.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Trends in organic farming in Croatia Trends in organic farming in Croatia
The agronomist, Sonja Karoglan Todorovic, reckons organic farming reflects overall social developments, and, as the head of Ecologica, she should know what she is talking about. Launched eight years ago, the organization defends the interests of Croatia’s organic farmers and contributes to their training, a task that requires a lot of determination.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Human development - socio-economic indicators in central and east Europe, 2004 Human development - socio-economic indicators in central and east Europe, 2004
Central and Eastern Europe is varied in the levels of development indicators such as, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Human Development Index (HDI), life expectancy and education. Some of the Balkan states do not have the appropriate information gathered to be included but the ones that do show the area is lagging behind.
06 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Sosio-economic indicators for the countries of the Black Sea basin Sosio-economic indicators for the countries of the Black Sea basin
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaboration with the GIWA Black Sea team and the GIWA secretariat. The graphics were never not used in this form in the final report on the Black Sea, published in 2005.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Relationship between the decrease in Turkish anchovy catch and the growth of Mnemiopsis, 1968-1990 Relationship between the decrease in Turkish anchovy catch and the growth of Mnemiopsis, 1968-1990
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaboration with the GIWA Black Sea team and the GIWA secretariat. The graphics were not used in this form in the final report on the Black Sea, published in 2005.
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water poverty index, by country in 2002 Water poverty index, by country in 2002
Freshwater, as a natural resource, represents a fundamental key to sustainable livelihoods - for health, economy and development. The water poverty index (WPI) is an aggregate index, describing the lack of freshwater. The index is calculated based on five components: resources, access, capacity, use, and environment, using indicators describing these.
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries
The graphic shows the trends in aid flow from 1990 to 1996 between private and public groups. Public aid largely refers to nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), made up of the developed nations of the world, who have committed to providing a certain level of development assistance to underdeveloped countries. This is called Official Development Assistance (ODA), and is given by governments on certain conces...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Shrinking of the Aral Sea: socio-economic impacts Shrinking of the Aral Sea: socio-economic impacts
Over the past 30 years, the Aral Sea in the former Soviet Union has shrunk to less than half of its original size. This graphic shows the Aral Sea as it was in 1960 and as it appeared in 2001. It shows that a former fishing zone is now a dry zone affected by salination. Areas that were previously food crops (partly irrigated) are now cotton and rice crops, widely irrigated. Other changes include the replacement of fish exports with fish imports, ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Georgia, topographic map Georgia, topographic map
The country of Georgia is located in the Caucasus region of Asia, with a coastline towards the Black Sea. The 4.7 million country was a republic in the former Soviet Union, and is now an economy in transition and a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography
Eastern Europe extends from the northern shore of the Black Sea in Ukraine up to the Baltic Sea basin in Belarus. It covers 845,000 square kilometers and is home to almost 60 million people. These nations share common borders, watersheds, and infrastructure and have many similarities in their geography, history, culture and economy.
04 Oct 2005 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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