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CO2 emissions from consumption and flaring of fossil fuels CO2 emissions from consumption and flaring of fossil fuels
A line graph showing the progress of CO2 emissions created from consumption and flaring of fossil fuels from 1980 to 2002. Indicates that Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union is the only region to have a reduction. Emissions are not usually monitored directly, but are generally estimated using models. Some emissions can be calculated with only limited accuracy. Emissions from energy and industrial processes are the most reliable (using energy ...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins
Overview over the transboundary Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins in North Eastern Europe. These basins span the countries of Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Poland, and the rivers drain to the Baltic Sea. This map was prepared for the DatabasiN project, which will coordinate spatial information for transboundary river basin management.
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Environment and Security Initiative : Today`s priorities and future challenges Environment and Security Initiative : Today`s priorities and future challenges
The pilot phase of the initiative in 2003 assessed environmental threats in Central Asia and South –Eastern Europe, two regions where environmental concerns have clear security implications. The Southern Caucasus joined in 2004. Eastern Europe and the Circumpolar Arctic will be included in 2005-2006. In each region work stats by identifying, through consultation with national and regional stakeholders, priority environment and security issues and...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov and Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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National environment and security issues in Armenia [Russian] National environment and security issues in Armenia [Russian]
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
31 Oct 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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National environment and security issues in Georgia [Russian] National environment and security issues in Georgia [Russian]
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
01 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Environment and security priority areas in Eastern Europe Environment and security priority areas in Eastern Europe
Environmental problems often compound external security tensions and worsen internal security challenges in Eastern Europe. Of particular concern are environmental hazards concentrated along national borders (including the borders with the EU, Russia and borders between the three countries).
29 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population evolution Population evolution
The populations of Ukraine and Belarus will shrink significantly, with Ukraine expected to lose 9 to 15 million people over the next 50 years (see population figure). Outgoing labour migration makes the situation even worse, hitting Moldova particularly hard, with an estimated 600,000 to 1,000,000 Moldovans (i.e. 40% of the active population) working abroad.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gross National Income (GNI): Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine Gross National Income (GNI): Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
Though expanding, the region’s economies still lag behind most of their neighbours, with Moldova one of the poorest European countries in terms of per capita GDP. All the countries suffered economic decline in the 1990s followed by some recovery over the last five to ten years (see GNI figure).
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Environment and security issues in Moldova Environment and security issues in Moldova
Since water resources are of particular importance to Moldova, water pollution is viewed as a nationally significant threat. Moldova does not have large lakes, and all its larger rivers originate outside its borders. there are many other issues facing Moldova's environment and security future.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Peoples of Eastern Europe Peoples of Eastern Europe
Despite common borders and many similarities, the three countries of Eastern Europe do not constitute a region in the sense of political community. Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine have not yet developed visible capacity and projects for regional integration.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Eastern Europe through history Eastern Europe through history
The region’s borderline position has determined its many specific features. Neighbouring cultures deeply penetrated and influenced Eastern European societies, shaping contrasting developmental orientations. Eastern European lands changed hands many times in history and in some periods they were split between Western and Eastern powers. This is a glimpse of 4 periods between 1000 A.D. to 1938 A.D.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: forest cover Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: forest cover
There is not a lot of forest coverage in the area. Most of the region consists of plain and lowland, wooded as in Belarus and northern Ukraine, or open steppe as elsewhere. Forests are concentrated in the relatively small mountain regions on the edges of Eastern Europe: in the Carpathians and Crimea.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Political patterns and communication axes: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine Political patterns and communication axes: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine are positioned between an enlarging European Union and a historically influential Russia. The area’s unique position and history have played a large part in the overlapping of environmental and security issues. There have been several areas of dispute and inter-ethnic conflict.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water basins of Eastern Europe Water basins of Eastern Europe
The region’s eastern boundary roughly corresponds to the Dnieper watershed, and its western and south-western boundaries are loosely defined by the Z. Bug, Prut and Danube rivers as well as by the Carpathian Mountains. Roughly speaking, the Dniester River separates Moldova from Ukraine and the Pripyat marshlands in Polesie divide Ukraine and Belarus.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nathusius’ Pipistrelle distribution and migration Nathusius’ Pipistrelle distribution and migration
The tiny Nathusius’ Pipistrelle, weighing only 6–10 grams, travels almost 2000 km from its breeding grounds in north-eastern Europe to its main hibernation areas in south-west Europe. Populations in Russia are thought to winter in the eastern Caucasus and the Volga Delta. Recently, the breeding range of Nathusius’ Pipistrelle has expanded towards the west and the south. New nursery colonies have been found in Ireland, the Netherlands, France, and...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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