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Radiation from Chernobyl Radiation from Chernobyl
What do the Chernobyl disaster, the Three Gorges dam in China and the spread of the Sahel have in common? In each case natural and manmade influences have forced thousands, sometimes millions of people, to leave their land or country of origin.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Kamchatka sites Kamchatka sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
The inlet of the bay of Kara-Bogaz-Gol before and after the construction of the dam (Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea) The inlet of the bay of Kara-Bogaz-Gol before and after the construction of the dam (Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea)
Kara-Bogaz-Gol is a lowland area that forms a highly saline bay on the east side of the Caspian Sea, in Turkmenistan. In Soviet times it was decided to set up a dam to block the flow of saline water from the bay to the Caspian Sea, and this was completed in 1980. The ensuing increase in the salt content of the southern part of the Caspian had biological consequences. In the spring of 1992, in view of the scale of the disaster, Turkmenistan, which...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Kara-Bogaz-Gol - restoration of previous water levels after 1992 (Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea) Kara-Bogaz-Gol - restoration of previous water levels after 1992 (Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea)
Kara-Bogaz-Gol is a lowland area that forms a highly saline bay on the east side of the Caspian Sea, in Turkmenistan. In Soviet times it was decided to set up a dam to block the flow of saline water from the bay to the Caspian Sea, and this was completed in 1980. The ensuing increase in the salt content of the southern part of the Caspian Sea, to levels exceeding 15 grams per litre, had disastrous consequences for the sturgeon population. In the ...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL). APELL achieves its aims through community participation in emergency planning, via a structured dialogue between representatives of the source of the hazard (e.g. a land-owner), local authorities (the emergency services, e.g. fi re and /or police) and community leaders (who inform their constituencies). This dialogue is achieved through a ‘Co-ordinating Group’ which reviews the h...
07 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Kamchatka sites Kamchatka sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL). APELL achieves its aims through community participation in emergency planning, via a structured dialogue between representatives of the source of the hazard (e.g. a land-owner), local authorities (the emergency services, e.g. fi re and /or police) and community leaders (who inform their constituencies). This dialogue is achieved through a ‘Co-ordinating Group’ which reviews the h...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Fish catch and production Fish catch and production
Fishing activities have various negative impacts on marine ecosystems. The greatest cause for concern is the rapid depletion of fish population due to extensive commercial fishing. In 2002 72% of the world’s marine fish stocks were being harvested faster than they can reproduce. Bycatch – the harvest of fish or shellfish other than the species for which the fishing gear was set – accounts for a quarter of the total catch (27m tonnes in 2003) an...
01 Feb 2006 - by Stéphane Kluser
4
Caribbean casualties due to hurricanes Caribbean casualties due to hurricanes
From Trinidad to Tallahassee, Florida, tropical storms have ravaged the Caribbean basin, exacting a multibillion-dollar toll on housing, schools, hospitals, roads and sewage systems. Most of the casualties were in Haiti. But almost no community escaped unscathed. In Grenada, half of the population is now homeless, the famed nutmeg groves flattened, the power plants wrecked. The tourism industry that was the island’s lifeblood could take years to ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives) Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives)
The planet is scattered with hazardous or explosive leftovers from a succession of technical breakthroughs – be they military or industrial – just waiting to be washed away by a flood or mudslide or carried off by a hurricane. If disaster strikes these “powder kegs” multiply the danger to people and the environment (posing a particularly acute threat to already scarce water resources).
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin
On 30 January 2000 a tailings dam at the Aurul Mine in Romania overflowed and released 100,000 cubic metres of effluent containing cyanide into the Tisza River. By the time the overflow was detected, the alarm raised and emergency measures taken to staunch the flow, heavily contaminated wastewater had reached the Danube River and was on its way to Hungary and beyond. Traces of cyanide, albeit at a very low level, were still detected in the rive...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Crushed by war - world conflicts Crushed by war - world conflicts
For people in countries at war or subject to economic embargos many goods are scarce, food and water constituting the most crucial shortages. But they also have to deal regularly with death and injury. In such countries disaster prevention may well not be a priority.
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Number of major wild fires by continent and decade since 1950 Number of major wild fires by continent and decade since 1950
Within industrial countries, the area burned by fires is declining but the number of major fires is increasing. In the United States, for example, the area burned has declined by more than 90% since 1930, while in Sweden the area burned annually fell from about 12,000 hectares in 1876 to about 400 hectares in 1989.
07 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Kamchatka sites Kamchatka sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
12 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-site for more information.
12 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
The continental scale of the Chernobyl accident The continental scale of the Chernobyl accident
The accident involving reactor meltdown and massive release of radioactivity occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant situated seven kilometres south of the Ukraine- Belarus border, at the confluence of the Pripyat and Dnieper rivers. Radioactive fallout affected not only Ukraine and Belarus, but also nearby Russia and countries as far away as Sweden and the UK.
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Regional flood vulnerability Regional flood vulnerability
Since Asia comprises a large portion of the World’s popula- tion, and more than 40% of all the foods in the world occur in Asia, a large number of people are affected by disasters (Fig. 14). More than 40% of the people killed by natural di- sasters are killed in Asia (Fig. 15). In the ten-year period from 1999–2008, 402 foods were recorded in Africa, 342 in the Americas, 259 in Europe and 649 in Asia. In the same time period close to 1 bill...
06 Dec 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
3
Recent flood events in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya region Recent flood events in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya region
Since Asia comprises a large portion of the World’s popula- tion, and more than 40% of all the foods in the world occur in Asia, a large number of people are affected by disasters (Fig. 14). More than 40% of the people killed by natural di- sasters are killed in Asia (Fig. 15). In the ten-year period from 1999–2008, 402 foods were recorded in Africa, 342 in the Americas, 259 in Europe and 649 in Asia. In the same time period close to 1 bill...
03 Feb 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
4