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Energy intensity in Latin America and the Caribbean Energy intensity in Latin America and the Caribbean
Available evidence indicates that energy intensity – the ratio between energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP), expressed in purchasing power parity (PPP) at 2005 prices – in Latin America and the Caribbean remained almost constant in the 1980-2007 period. This shows that the region has not made the progress necessary, in terms of energy efficiency, to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gasses. The stagnation in energy-intensity level...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Latin America greenhouse gas emitters by sector Latin America greenhouse gas emitters by sector
According to reports from the region’s countries, contained in national communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions relate to changes in land use, forestry, agriculture and energy consumption. Brazil stands out as the highest emitter of greenhouse gasses caused by land use changes, accounting for more than 800,000 metric tons of CO2 equivalent. The importance of agricul...
22 Nov 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Carbon intensity of energy use: Percentage growth from 1980 Carbon intensity of energy use: Percentage growth from 1980
By comparing the emissions:energy ratio (carbon intensity) between regions, one finds different patterns over time. Thus, between 1980 and 1995, decarbonization in Latin America and the Caribbean was in line with the world average; in the first half of the 1980s, the region progressed even faster than the OECD countries. Later, between 1995 and 2003, the emissions-to-energy consumption ratio increased.
22 Nov 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Marginal abatement cost curve for Central America in 2030 Marginal abatement cost curve for Central America in 2030
Estimates of the marginal costs of emissions reduction for Central America show that decarbonization options should be directed towards energy efficiency in the residential and services sectors, mainly arising from savings due to reduced energy consumption. Similarly, the mitigation strategy should be focused towards reducing deforestation and degradation, with additional benefits for biodiversity and water supply. Sectors like transportation and...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo (Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Household final consumption expenditure (European Union) Household final consumption expenditure (European Union)
No data
28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Meat imports in 2005 Meat imports in 2005
Meat imports in 2005 & Meat consumption
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Urban density and transport-related energy consumption Urban density and transport-related energy consumption
Transport-related energy consumption Gigajoules per capita per year, Urban density Inhabitants per hectare
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy consumption and CO2 emissions from building Energy consumption and CO2 emissions from building
Energy consumption for heating and hot water Kilowatt hour per square metre per year CO2 emissions depending on the energy used for heating and hot water, for a 100 square metre dwelling Kilograms of carbon equivalent per year
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy consumption by usage in a building Energy consumption by usage in a building
Buildings (residential and commercial) account for 10 to 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions, including almost 70% carbon dioxide and 25% methane.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s
The agricultural sector is by far the biggest user of freshwater. Analysis indicates that: - In the United States, agriculture accounts for some 49% of total freshwater use, with 80% of this volume being used for irrigation (Shiklomanov, 1999). - In Africa and Asia, an estimated 85-90% of all freshwater used is for agriculture (Shiklomanov, 1999). - According to estimates for the year 2000, agriculture accounted for 67% of the world’s total fr...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
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Increasing price with volume Increasing price with volume
Rising block tariffs aim to achieve several public policy goals. A low or zero tariff applied to the first block can enhance affordability. For example, Durban, South Africa, provides 25 litres of water a day free of charge - a lifeline to many - with a steep increase above this level. Higher tiers aim at enabling utilities to increase efficiency, by creating disincentives for overuse, and at mobilizing revenues to cover costs. Block tariffs thus...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
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Water withdrawal and consumption: the big gap Water withdrawal and consumption: the big gap
Freshwater use by continents is partly based on several socio-economic development factors, including population, physiographic, and climatic characteristics. Analysis indicates that: - Annual global freshwater withdrawal has grown from 3,790 km3 (of which consumption accounted for 2,070 km3 or 61%) in 1995, to 4,430 km3 (of which consumption accounted for 2,304 km3 or 52%) in 2000 (Shiklomanov, 1999). - In 2000, about 57% of the world’s freshw...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
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World fish consumption per capita and per year World fish consumption per capita and per year
World fish consumption per year and per capita.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
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World's surface water: evaporation and runoff World's surface water: evaporation and runoff
Because much of the world’s surface water is far from concentrations of human settlements, not all of it is readily usable. Some facts concerning global freshwater concentrations: - It is estimated that the freshwater available for human consumption varies between 12,500 km3 and 14,000 km3 each year (Hinrichsen et al., 1998; Jackson et al., 2001). - Many countries in Africa, the Middle East, western Asia, and some eastern European countries ha...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
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Fish protein world consumption Fish protein world consumption
Consumption of proteins from fish in % of total consumption of animal protein.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
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Trends in global water use by sector Trends in global water use by sector
The greyband represents in the difference between the amount of water extracted and that actually consumed. Water may be extracted, used, recycled (or returned to rivers or aquifers) and reused several times over. Consumption is final use of water, after which it can no longer be reused. That extractions have increase at a much faster rate is an indication of how much more intensively we can now exploit water. Only a fraction of water extracted i...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
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Who will not reach the water and sanitation millennium development goal? Who will not reach the water and sanitation millennium development goal?
Graphic captioning the time at which Waste water will become suitable levels of consumption.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
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Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances
Defined in the Montreal Protocol phase-outs
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund
Countries receive funds according to their compliance needs. That is, they receive funds to phase-out specific amounts of ODS production and consumption. Hence,ODS producer countries and high consumers receive more funds since they have greater needs. However all developing countries who are Parties to the Montreal Protocol have received assistance. Naturally, larger countries with higher population will also have a greater need for ODS, and ther...
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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