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Tag: Consumption

Raw materials consumption in the United States
The United States consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Since 1950 some raw material consumption has increase by over 200 percent. Raw materials used for construction has risen over 400 percent in the same tim...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Percentage of the population served by municipal waste services
Waste collection is a basic public service performed for everyone in OECD countries. Everyone? Well, a closer look reveals that this is not the case for a significant number of people. If these developed countries can’t ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of selected industrial raw materials compared to global population
Five of the top countries consuming industrial raw materials account for roughly 10 percent of the world's population but consume up to 50 percent of more of some of the main materials. This shows a large imbalance betwe...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Municipal solid waste composition: for 7 OECD countries and 7 Asian cities
In most countries in the world, organic materials and paper are the main contributors to municipal waste. In developing countries, large cities generate most of the municipal waste. Data are rarely available for rural ar...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Export waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001
Australia is not a big player in the waste trade, but a good percentage of its exports are shipped all the way to Europe. In 2000 Australia reported the export of 16 689 tonnes of waste (all classifi ed as hazardous) to ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ship owners and builders
When ships like oil tankers and cargo vessels pass their use by date they are broken up for scrap. Large ships are generally built by companies in countries like Japan, South Korea and Germany, but when it comes time for...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions due to solid waste disposal on land
Landfi ling is the most common waste management practice, and results in the release of methane from the anaerobic decomposition of organic materials. Methane is around 20 times more potent as a GHG than carbon dioxide. ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ore production and waste generation at Ok Tedi Mine
The Ok Tedi mine is located high in the rain forest covered Star Mountains of Papua New Guinea. Prior to 1981 the local Wopkaimin people lived a subsistence existence in one of the most isolated places on earth. That was...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Solid waste management cost for selected cities
Sound waste management requires a high level of technology and a signif cant budget. What Japan and Germany can afford today, most countries will have to wait a long time for. Developed countries have a lot to learn fro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Shipbreaking in Asia
Prior to 1970, shipbeaking was concentrated in Europe. It was a highly mechanised activity carried out at docks by skilled workers. However the increasing cost of upholding environmental health and safety guidelines made...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Municipal solid waste generation for selected large cities in Asia
Municipal waste is everything collected and treated by municipalities. Only part of it is comes from households, the rest is generated by small businesses, commercial and other municipal activities. So it is produced fro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
What is in a Swiss rubbish bag? (household waste)
The amount and composition of municipal waste depends on a variety of factors. It is related to our living standard but wealth does not explain everything. It is also correlated with levels of urbanization, energy choice...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Agriculture and manufacturing waste generation
Agricultural waste consists of things like pesticide waste, discarded pesticide containers, plastics such as silage wrap, bags and sheets, packaging waste, old machinery, oil and waste veterinary medicines. In a comparis...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hazardous waste generation in 2001 as reported by the Parties to the Basel Convention
Hazardous waste needs to be monitored and controlled from the moment the waste is generated until its ultimate disposal. Proper hazardous waste control requires a plan to reduce the amount of waste generated or the toxic...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Export of waste as reported by Germany, in tonnes, 2001
In 2000 Germany reported sending more than threehundred thousand tonnes of waste to 14 countries. All countries appeared to receive a broad combination of hazardous waste apart from China, which received nearly 50 tonnes...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
What is in a computer
On average a computer is 23% plastic, 32% ferrous metals, 18% non-ferrous metals (lead, cadmium, antimony, beryllium, chromium and mercury), 12% electronic boards (gold, palladium, silver and platinum) and 15% glass. On...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hazardous waste in Georgia
Economic conditions have led to the almost complete closure of old Soviet era industrial complexes. Neither the Rustavi and Zestafoni chemical and metallurgy plants or the Chiatura and Tkibuli mines still function. Howev...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Import of waste as reported by Australia, in tonnes, 2001
In 2000 Australia imported 1600 tonnes of waste from New Zealand, Norway, French Antarctic and South Africa. This included mostly copper and lead compounds from New Zealand, selenium from Norway and household waste from...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hong Kong municipal waste composition
As 1.3 billion Chinese thunder into the great pleasures of consumption, municipal waste is certainly a major environmental concern. This graph shows the amount of waste from 1991 to 2003 in Hong Kong.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste generation from manufacturing industry (by sectors)
Turning raw materials into consumer products generates waste - depending on the technology used, the nature of the raw material processed and how much of it is discarded at the end of the chain. Very often manufacturing ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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