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Major mineral fuel resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Major mineral fuel resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
Mineral fuels for electricity and heat generation take primarily two forms: fossil fuels in the form of oil, natural gas and coal, and uranimum ore for nuclear power. Oil and gas are distributed in different belts, primarily in the North Sea, Caucasus and Northern Russia. Coal in different forms is still an important fuel resource and resources are distributed over the region. Uranium resources are primarily in Ukraine and Central Asia.
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Hydropower potential (theoretical possitibility for electricity generation) Hydropower potential (theoretical possitibility for electricity generation)
xHydropower, generating electricity through turbines, represents a clean and renewable energy source, but not without problems. Dams and reservoirs disrupt the natural flow, and may increase siltation and evaporation, in addition to severe impacts for wildlife, for instance migrating fish. The gross theoretical capability, presented in this map, represents a calculation based on the topography and precipitation in the countries, and is the amount...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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SO2 air concentration SO2 air concentration
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a colourless gas with a sharp,irritating odour. It is produced from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) and the smelting of mineral ores that contain sulfur. There are several areas in the Barents region that have very high amounts of SO2 levels that have caused environmental problems.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Use of renewables and combustible waste for energy production in 2001; Latin America and the Caribbean Use of renewables and combustible waste for energy production in 2001; Latin America and the Caribbean
Approximately 12 % of the world’s energy supply comes from renewable energy sources (biomass, waste and other renewables, excluding hydropower). The average renewable share in Latin America is higher than the world average,. But even if the energy supply from renewables will increase in Latin America, the percentage share of renewables of total energy supply is projected to decrease in the years to come. (World Energy Outlook 2004). Latin Ameri...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial sites in Kosovo Industrial sites in Kosovo
In Kosovo mining itself promises to create 35 000 jobs. A large part of this plan is associated with the exploitation of lignite (a type of coal), which is supposed to be used exclusively for electricity generation. On the basis of existing demand for electricity in Kosovo, the known deposits would produce sufficient energy for about 1 000 years.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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World coal consumption World coal consumption
The graphic shows the world coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It shows trends from 1990 to 1999 and predicts the patterns to 2020. The predictions to 2020 show a decrease in coal consumption in eastern Europe and the former Soviet Ùion. However, it shows a considerable increase in the North America and developing countries, causing the total global consumption to increase.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total world CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil Total world CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil
The graphic shows the world's total CO2 emissions in million metric tonnes carbon equivalent. Broken down into categories of total fuel fossil emissions, oil, natural gas and coal. CO2 is one of the main greenhouse gases and can, in addition to fossil fuel combustion( as shown on graph), be produced by cement production and land use conversion such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy consumption, current and estimated trends, by region Energy consumption, current and estimated trends, by region
The graphic shows energy consumption of oil, coal and natural gas in various regions around the world from 1990 to 2002 and predicts future consumption until 2020. Over the last decade developed countries have attempted to reduce the over-all energy demand.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil for selected regions CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil for selected regions
Graph showing the amount (in millions of metric tonnes) of CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil. Covers the years from 1990-2000 and predicts the trend to 2020. Information on the United States, Western Europe, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and Africa is included.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World consumption and prognoses of primary energy World consumption and prognoses of primary energy
The graphic shows the world oil, natural gas and coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It Shows trends from 1990 to 2001, and predicts the patterns to 2020. The use of oil is predicted to increase in all regions, except for Western Europe where it will stay relatively stabil. Natural gas will also increase, especially in north America. The use of coal will decrease in most regions except for North America.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World consumption and prognoses of primary energy World consumption and prognoses of primary energy
Consumption of non-renewable resources ahve been increasing in most of the world except Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. This graphic shows the world oil, natural gas and coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. Shows trends from 1990 and predicts the patterns to 2020.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Dirty coal is here to stay Dirty coal is here to stay
Coal producers already taking advantage of the oil shortage and might even more in the future. Visualizing main production basins and major consumers.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Norwegian emissions of N2O Norwegian emissions of N2O
Emissions of N20 have a role in the enhanced greenhouse effect. N20 is a long-lived gas, surviving in the atmosphere for about 130 years. The concentration of N20 in the atmosphere is increasing due to a variety of sources including a small contribution from coal combustion.
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in wind energy generating capacity Trends in wind energy generating capacity
Net annual addition to global wind energy generating capacity, general trend 1980-1995, in megawatts. Wind power represents a possible energy source to replace fossil fuels, like oil and coal, as well as non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear power.
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy production waste in selected European countries Energy production waste in selected European countries
Waste is a major environmental concern for the energy sector. Depending on the type of energy, the production process itself will generate substantial quantities of waste. The energy sector generates specific types of waste: waste from mining and upgrading coal and lignite (tailing); waste from oil and gas refining; combustion waste from thermal power stations; waste from air-pollution abatement devices and fi nally the components of the power st...
01 Oct 2006 - by Diana Rizzolio
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Transportation projects converging on the Caspian Sea Transportation projects converging on the Caspian Sea
For many years, coastal navigation has connected republics in the former Soviet Union. It used the only outlet from the Caspian, the Volga-Don canal, which connects the Black Sea and the Russian canal system to the Baltic. It is still used to transport raw materials, timber, coal, grain, fertilisers, etc.
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions and energy scenarios by source Emissions and energy scenarios by source
Despite the Kyoto protocol and increased concern over the consequences of climate change, world wide emissions of CO2 continues to grow. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) world total CO2 emissions will increase by 62% from 2002 – 2030. More than two-thirds of the increase will come from developing countries. They will overtake the OECD as the leading contributor to global emissions early in the 2020s. Despite the strong increase ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Major mineral fuel resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Major mineral fuel resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
Mineral fuels for electricity and heat generation take primarily two forms: fossil fuels in the form of oil, natural gas and coal, and uranimum ore for nuclear power. Oil and gas are distributed in different belts, primarily in the North Sea, Caucasus and Northern Russia. Coal in different forms is still an important fuel resource and resources are distributed over the region. Uranium resources are primarily in Ukraine and Central Asia.
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
Hydropower potential (theoretical possitibility for electricity generation) Hydropower potential (theoretical possitibility for electricity generation)
Hydropower, generating electricity through turbines, represents a clean and renewable energy source, but not without problems. Dams and reservoirs disrupt the natural flow, and may increase siltation and evaporation, in addition to severe impacts for wildlife, for instance migrating fish. The gross theoretical capability, presented in this map, represents a calculation based on the topography and precipitation in the countries, and is the amount ...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Dirty coal is here to stay Dirty coal is here to stay
Coal producers are already taking advantage of the oil shortage and might even more in the future. In 2004 43 % of the electricity produced in the world came from coal.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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