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Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions for selected African countries in 1997 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions for selected African countries in 1997
Africa is very vulnerable to climate change given its low capacity to respond and adapt, but Africa emits relatively low amounts of greenhouse gases in comparison to other regions. This graphic shows the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per capita, in metric tonnes, in 1997 for OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, for the world, for sub-Saharan Africa and for selected individual countries.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water supply and sanitation coverage in Africa Water supply and sanitation coverage in Africa
The water supply situation in Africa is already precarious, and climate change is expected to exacerbate the problem. This graphic shows the amount of water supply coverage at the national level for Africa, and the amount of sanitation coverage, as a percentage, at the national level for Africa. Statistics are shown for rural areas, for urban areas, and for all areas.
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, based on a sketch by Philippe Rekacewicz; UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Greenhouse effect Greenhouse effect
Human activities are causing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere to increase. This graphic explains how solar energy is absorbed by the earth's surface, causing the earth to warm and to emit infrared radiation. The greenhouse gases then trap the infrared radiation, thus warming the atmosphere.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Threats to coral reefs in Eastern Africa Threats to coral reefs in Eastern Africa
Human land use along coasts and in major river basins can threaten coral reefs through toxic material inputs to coastal ecosystems. This graphic shows the areas of low, medium and high estimated threats to coral reefs on Africa's eastern coast.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Phenomenon El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Phenomenon
El Niño describes 'the warm phase of a naturally occurring sea surface temperature oscillation in the tropical Pacific Ocean', and southern oscillation refers to 'a seesaw shift in surface air pressure at Darwin, Australia and the South Pacific Island of Tahiti'. This graphic explains the El Niño-Southern Oscillation Phenomenon, showing the differences between a normal year and an El Niño year.
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Impact of Temperature Rise on Robusta Coffee in Uganda Impact of Temperature Rise on Robusta Coffee in Uganda
Developing countries, whose economies often rely heavily on one or two agricultural products, are especially vulnerable to climate change. This graphic shows that with an increase of only 2 degrees Celsius, there would be a dramatic decrease in the amount of land suitable for growing Robusta coffee in Uganda.
17 May 2005 - by Otto Simonett, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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African wildlife under threat from climate change African wildlife under threat from climate change
Climate change poses a threat to wildlife because as climatic conditions change, many species may be unable to tolerate the changes. This graphic shows the numbers of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish species that are critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable in various regions of Africa and in Africa as a whole, as of 1998.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Comparison between modeled temperature rise and observations of temperature since 1860 Comparison between modeled temperature rise and observations of temperature since 1860
Natural forcing (solar variation and volcanic activity) alone cannot explain the recent global temperature increase. This graphic shows the temperature anomalies (in degrees Celsius) that were expected to occur due to natural forcing only, from the year 1850 to the year 2000, according to climate models, and the actual anomalies that have occurred. The graphic also shows the expected and actual anomalies due to anthropogenic (human-caused) factor...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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History of variations of the temperature for Africa in relation to the World History of variations of the temperature for Africa in relation to the World
Africa is following the global trend of recent increases in temperatures. This resource includes three graphics. The first shows the main temperature anomaly in degrees Celsius in Africa from 1900 to 2000. The second shows departures from the 1961 to 1990 average temperatures, in degrees Celsius, on a global scale for the time period 1860 to 2000. The final graphic shows departures from the 1961 to 1990 temperatures, in degrees Celsius, for the N...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nile Delta: Potential Impact of Sea Level Rise Nile Delta: Potential Impact of Sea Level Rise
The potential impacts of sea level rise on the Nile Delta are expected to include a decline in water quality that would affect freshwater fish, the flooding of agricultural land and damage to infrastructure. This graphic shows the Nile Delta region as it is today (2002), the area as it would appear with a 0.5 m sea level rise, and the area as it would appear with a 1.0 m sea level rise.
17 May 2005 - by Otto Simonett, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Air temperature in the Barents Region in summer Air temperature in the Barents Region in summer
The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway. In order to better understand the trends in global warming accurate readings of temperature needs to be made. This map shows the average temperatures in the Barents region in July and is meant to show the difference in the January temperatures. (Please note that the The Barents Euro-Arctic Council has expanded the member...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Air temperature in the Barents Region in winter Air temperature in the Barents Region in winter
The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway. In order to better understand the trends in global warming accurate readings of temperature needs to be made. This map shows the average temperatures in the Barents region in January and is meant to show the difference between the July temperatures. (Please note that the The Barents Euro-Arctic Council has expanded the m...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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United States of America, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) United States of America, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from the United States. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more upda...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Lithuania, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Lithuania, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Lithuania. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated info...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Norway, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Norway, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Norway. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated informati...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Romania, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Romania, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Romania. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated informa...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Luxembourg, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Luxembourg, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Luxembourg. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated info...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Carbon dioxide emissions globally and from annex 1 countries (COP7) Carbon dioxide emissions globally and from annex 1 countries (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated information.
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Austria, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Austria, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This Graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Austria. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated informa...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Belgium, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7) Belgium, greenhouse gas emissions (COP7)
This set of graphics has been produced by GRID-Arendal in co-operation with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP-7) to the Convention, held in Marrakesh, Morocco 29th October to 9th November 2001. This graphic shows total greenhouse gas emissions from Belgium. Please note that this graphic is outdated, and has since been replaced with more updated informa...
12 Mar 2006 - by Brian Lucas, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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