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Carbon dioxide emissions in Zimbabwe Carbon dioxide emissions in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has done well in phasing out ozone depleting substances, reaching the target five years ahead of the 2015 deadline set by the Montreal Protocol (Government of Zimbabwe 2010). The extent of carbon emissions is not a significant factor in environmental sustainability in Zimbabwe at present. The estimated figures are low, and continue to go down.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon Dioxide emissions in Namibia Carbon Dioxide emissions in Namibia
Carbon dioxide emissions have increased slightly since 1999 due to urban growth and increased use of fossil fuels, but the increase shown in the graphic, is largely due to improved monitoring.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon dioxide emissions in Botswana Carbon dioxide emissions in Botswana
Botswana’s per capita carbon emissions levels are shown to be the highest in the region, as presented by the African Development Bank, but have not been a significant part of environmental monitoring at local level to date.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Transportation emission Transportation emission
More recently, however, the focus of the industry and its regulators – encouraged by far greater awareness of the importance of environmental issues amongst all stakeholders – has also been on the wider potential impacts which shipping can have on the environment. In particular, there was awareness of the need to address the impact on local ecosystems of foreign microorganisms imported in ships’ ballast water; the danger to public health and the ...
16 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Projected annual CO2 emissions from the shipping sector Projected annual CO2 emissions from the shipping sector
In July 2011, international shipping became the first industrial sector to adopt binding international rules for the adoption of technical measures to reduce CO2 emissions. These technical measures were adopted by IMO as amendments to MARPOL Annex VI which is expected to enter into force in 2013.
16 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Low Elevation Coastal Zones and CO2 Emisions Low Elevation Coastal Zones and CO2 Emisions
SIDS face a number of challenges in pursuit of energy security and poverty reduction, including high and rising oil prices, inadequate policies and regulations, insufficient promotion and investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency; lack of financing and technology transfer.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon dioxide emissions in Angola Carbon dioxide emissions in Angola
Carbon emissions have not been a significant part of environmental monitoring in Angola as the potential is minimal when compared to industrialized countries, and estimated figures are still low, although increasing rapidly due to expansion in the exploitation and use of petroleum resources. This figure shows annual carbon emissions per capita.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from land conversion for energy crops CO2 emissions from land conversion for energy crops
The conversion of high carbon-storage ecosystems, such as tropical forest, savannah and peatland into biofuel plants, can neutralise any GHG emission reductions achieved by replacing fossil fuels with biofuels, and even lead to a net increase in CO2 emissions. Biofuels, in the use phase, emit the carbon that has been previously absorbed during plant growth. Inputs during cultivation and conversion need to be accounted for. However, the b...
01 Mar 2012 - by Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
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Savings in greenhouse gas emissions by fuel type Savings in greenhouse gas emissions by fuel type
Biofuels, in the use phase, emit the carbon that has been previously absorbed during plant growth. Inputs during cultivation and conversion need to be accounted for. However, the bulk of GHG emissions are related to land-use change. The carbon footprint varies considerably depending on the type of land converted, the type and yield of the feedstock (tonnes per hectare), as this figure shows. It is therefore key that any GHG analysis takes ...
01 Mar 2012 - by Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
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Uptake of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere Uptake of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere
Arctic marine systems currently provide a substantial carbon sink but the continuation of this service depends critically on arctic climate change impacts on ice, freshwater inputs, and ocean acidification.
27 Oct 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Historical trends in carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature, on a geological and recent time scale Historical trends in carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature, on a geological and recent time scale
The most recent geological history, in the last hundred thousand years, has been characterised by cycles of glaciations, or ice ages. The historic temperatures, through these times, have been low, and continental ice sheets have covered large parts of the world. Through ancient air, trapped in tiny bubbles in the Antarctic ice, we have been able to see what the temperature cycle was at that time, and also the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2)...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial CO2 emissions Industrial CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial emissions of CO2, which includes Mineral products, chemical industry, metal production, Other production, Production of Halocarbons, Sulphur Hexafluoride and consumption of Sulphur Hexafluoride and Halocarbons.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transport CO2 emissions Transport CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows transport CO2 emissions from 1990 to 1998 in Baltic countries.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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BSR CO2 emissions since 1992 BSR CO2 emissions since 1992
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). Emissions of CO2 in the Baltic region have remained constant from 1990 to 1997.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Danish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases Danish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases in Denmark from 1990- 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communication to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely results of human activities, including industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, Finland Emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, Finland
The graph shows Finnish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1980 to 1996 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely produced by human activities such as industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, including deforestation.
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Factors influencing the greenhouse effect Factors influencing the greenhouse effect
There are three main factors that directly influence the energy balance of the earth: the total energy influx, which depends on the earth's distance from the sun and on solar activity; the chemical composition of the atmosphere, and albedo, the ability of the earth's surface to reflect light. The only factor that has changed significantly in the last 100 years is the chemical composition of the atmosphere. This resource also includes a graphic th...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Annual deforestation in the Amazon and resulting CO2 emissions Annual deforestation in the Amazon and resulting CO2 emissions
According to the World Resources Institute,Brazil had the highest carbon dioxide equivalent emissions in the region in 2001, primarily due to changes in land use.) Most of the region’s forests are in South America, particularly in Brazil and Peru, which comprise 92% of the total forest cover. These countries are among the 10 that hold two-thirds of the world’s forests and jungles. Because of its size, the greatest extent of deforestation is in B...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions in the world and in Latin America and the Caribbean CO2 emissions in the world and in Latin America and the Caribbean
A comparison between the amount of CO2 emissions of the world and latin America and the Caribbean. Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases has grown significantly. The present level of carbon dioxide concentration (around 375 parts per million) is the highest for 420,000 years, and probably the highest for the past 20 million years. CO2 is the greenhouse gas that contributes most to the enhanced greenhouse e...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends and projections in carbon dioxide emissions Trends and projections in carbon dioxide emissions
Historic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) for Latin America and the Caribbean 1970-2000 with projections up to 2030 using two different scenarios.
17 May 2005 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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