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Trends in transboundary movement of waste among Parties to the Basel Convention Trends in transboundary movement of waste among Parties to the Basel Convention
The amount of waste on the move is increasing rapidly. Reports to the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal suggest that between 1993 and 2001 the amount of waste crisscrossing the globe increased from 2 million tonnes to more than 8.5 million tonnes. What is this material that is being traded between countries, where is it from and where is it going? Unfortunately data on waste movement...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries
The graphic shows the trends in aid flow from 1990 to 1996 between private and public groups. Public aid largely refers to nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), made up of the developed nations of the world, who have committed to providing a certain level of development assistance to underdeveloped countries. This is called Official Development Assistance (ODA), and is given by governments on certain conces...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Status on cost of establishing a business (compared to per capita income) Status on cost of establishing a business (compared to per capita income)
Bureaucracy and administration by local and national government can present a stumbling block for establishing businesses - in particular for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. Removing and simplifying these procedures increases the possibilities - in particular for the rural population.
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Household Waste, Heftingsdalen Household Waste, Heftingsdalen
In 2005 household waste output was up by 10 000 tonnes on 2000, rising from 15 000 to 25 000 tonnes for almost the same population. Nor does this include 20 000 tonnes of business waste (construction, light industry and service sector). In all Heftingsdalen processes about 45 000 tonnes of waste, making an average of 720 kilograms per person per year.
15 Dec 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
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The economy of legal wildlife trade The economy of legal wildlife trade
The trade in wild species can contribute significantly to rural incomes, and the effect upon local economies can be substantial. The high value of wildlife products and derivatives can also provide positive economic incentives to provide an alternative to other land use options for the local people - to protect wild species and their habitats, and to maintain the resource for sustainable and profitable use in the medium and long term. Consequent...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The importance of small forestry enterprises in developing countries The importance of small forestry enterprises in developing countries
It is estimated that exported timber only represents 5 per cent of the wood cut in tropical forests. 10 per cent is timber used locally and the majority - 85 per cent- of wood is for fuel. While exports are generally the preserve of large scale enterprises, the domestic market is dominated by small forest enterprises. In many countries the forest sector constitutes mainly small forest enterprises - employing from 10 to 100 full-time employees. Th...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Charcoal business in Virunga area Charcoal business in Virunga area
Charcoal business in the Virunga area.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Status of land tenure and property rights, 2005 Status of land tenure and property rights, 2005
Strong property rights have been found to be associated with increased economic growth. The study behind the data in the map examined the status on land ownership in selected countries, and created an index on the degree of concern. Strong rights to land empowers communities and families, and enables them to take charge over their future.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem
Net present value (NPV) is in millions of USD over a 30-year period (2000-2030) at a 4% discount rate. The NPV for local communities under a deforestation scenario would be 3,132 million USD and under a conservation scenario 5,341 million USD. The analysis shows that the local community would benefit most from a scenario under which the forest is conserved, negative effects on ecosystem services are avoided and payments for ecosystem services ar...
13 Sep 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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