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Forest and Biodiversity under Threat by Economic Development Forest and Biodiversity under Threat by Economic Development
Southeast Asia, containing the world’s third largest tropical forests, is experiencing deforestation rates higher than almost anywhere else on Earth. The region’s forests and animals living in the forest are endangered by defragmentation and conversion to agriculture or other land uses, such as oil palm plantations and logging.
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Future Expansion of Palm Oil in Indonesia Future Expansion of Palm Oil in Indonesia
Conversion to agriculture, including the recent expansion in the area devoted to oil palm plantations, continues to be the main cause of forest loss in Southeast Asia.
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Forest per Total Land Area Forest per Total Land Area
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) there are at present just under 4 billion hectares of forest in the world, covering in all about 30 per cent of the world’s land area (FAO 2006a).
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Tea Production Areas and Forest Distribution in Kenya Tea Production Areas and Forest Distribution in Kenya
The micro-climate associated with forest areas is often a critical factor in growing cash crops. In East Africa, tea is grown in areas adjacent to montane forests where conditions for tea production are optimal due to constant moisture levels, air temperatures between 10° and 30° C and soil temperatures between 16° and 25° C. The high moisture levels in these montane forests combined with the high heat capacity of water reduces the day...
14 Sep 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Agriculture and manufacturing waste generation Agriculture and manufacturing waste generation
Agricultural waste consists of things like pesticide waste, discarded pesticide containers, plastics such as silage wrap, bags and sheets, packaging waste, old machinery, oil and waste veterinary medicines. In a comparison between selected European countries, Hungary and Ireland have a greater share of waste from agriculture and forestry.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Different sources of danger and their impacts to the environment Different sources of danger and their impacts to the environment
Contaminated groundwater can adversely affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the geology of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, fl ow laterally into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, a...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total fertilizer consumption in the countries bordering the Black Sea in the 1990`s Total fertilizer consumption in the countries bordering the Black Sea in the 1990`s
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaboration with the GIWA Black Sea team and the GIWA secretariat. The graphics were not used in this form in the final report on the Black Sea, published in 2005.
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Global fertilizer consumption Global fertilizer consumption
In recent years, there has been concern that the quantity of mineral fertilizers used in agriculture having adverse effects on the environment. Attention has been drawn to the fact that when nutrients are applied to crops they are not all taken up by the plants immediately. There is also concern that some farmers might be applying inappropriate quantities of fertilizer. The main fertilizers having adverse effects on the environment are nitrate, p...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change
2 thematical maps: (1) CO2 emissions from industrial processes (http://www.grida.no/climate/vital/09.htm): This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world. The significant part of carbon dioxide emissions comes from energy production, industrial processes and transport. The industrialised countries consequently must bear the main responsibility of reducing emissions of carbon dioxide. (2): CO2 emissions from land use change.(...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Landcover - Europe and Central Asia Landcover - Europe and Central Asia
The Western part of the Eurasian continent, has some of the most populated and fertile parts of the World. Central Europe is densely populated, with few remaining fragments of undisturbed habitat, except for the mountain ranges. In the north - Scandinavia and Northern Russia, there is the taiga belt, with vast expanses of confierous forest, and further north, there is tundra and glaciers. Central Asia and Caucasus is a diverse region, with desert...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Land cover - Baltic Sea region Land cover - Baltic Sea region
The Baltic Sea region is covered in primarily forested land and crop land, in the taiga and temperate forest regions. Agricultural land is a main driver for nutrient inputs to the Baltic Sea, and thus eutorphication, and is thus relevant. Forest lands acts as a net buffer for nutrients, unless it is heavily diked and/or fertilised.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Landcover - Europe and Central Asia Landcover - Europe and Central Asia
The Western part of the Eurasian continent, has some of the most populated and fertile parts of the World. Central Europe is densely populated, with few remaining fragments of undisturbed habitat, except for the mountain ranges. In the north - Scandinavia and Northern Russia, there is the taiga belt, with vast expanses of confierous forest, and further north, there is tundra and glaciers. Central Asia and Caucasus is a diverse region, with desert...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions from agriculture Emissions from agriculture
Average emissions, thousand million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year in various agriculture generated emission gases.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Greenhouse gas emissions for three sectors: Transport, Industrial processes and Agriculture Greenhouse gas emissions for three sectors: Transport, Industrial processes and Agriculture
For developing countries (i.e. non-Annex I countries), data is either old or missing. To better reflect the truth, data from 2000 is chosen to overlap from IEA (dashed circles).
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Invasive alien plants in South Africa Invasive alien plants in South Africa
Species that has been introduced on purpose or spread in the wild threaten livelihoods in agriculture or water resources. As illustrated in this map, some regions of South Africa have very high ratios of invasive alien plants and are subject to government projects to limit the distribution and information campaigns informing the public.
13 Feb 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sale of pesticide in Norway Sale of pesticide in Norway
Due to the high latitude and a relatively short growing season in Norway, the number of pests is limited compared with middle and southern Europe. However, some weed species are more dominant due to a general wet and cold climate. In 1985, 1,529 tonnes of pesticide active ingredients were sold. This was reduced to an average of 803 tonnes between 1991 and 1996.
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sale of pesticides in Norway 1985-1995 Sale of pesticides in Norway 1985-1995
The graph shows the sale of pesticides in Norway from 1985 to 1995. Pesticides are chemicals or altered natural chemicals used in agriculture to control pests, to protect crops. Among these are various forms of insects, weeds, rodents and fungi.
12 Feb 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Grain production in the world, 1950-1995 and projection for 2050 Grain production in the world, 1950-1995 and projection for 2050
Shows the grain production in the world from 1950 to 1995 and predicts trendsuntil 2050. Inconsistency in production over the last several years has resulted in declining inventories as annual consumption has exceeded annual production. Current forecasts make 2003-04 the fifth consecutive year that annual world consumption of coarse grains will exceed production.
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World production of wheat, corn and rice World production of wheat, corn and rice
The graphic shows the global production of wheat, corn and rice from 1960 to 1994. The graphic demontrates the definete increase in production of all three types of crops, wheat overall being the most widely produced.
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Evolution of the world grain production, comparision with China and United-States Evolution of the world grain production, comparision with China and United-States
The graphic compares the evolution of the grain production of China and the United States to world statistics from 1960 to 1995. the graphic demonstrates the overall increase in grain production globally, as well as Chinas leading role as the worlds dominating grain producer from 1960 to 1995.
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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