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Region: global

Total waste generation in 2001, selected countries
On a global scale, calculating the amount of waste being generated presents a problem. There are a number of issues, including a lack of reporting by many countries and inconsistencies in the way countries report (defini...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
162 Parties to the Basel Convention in October 2004
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal is the most comprehensive global environmental agreement on hazardous and other wastes. It aims to protect human healt...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Different approaches and overlapping definitions to waste
Waste is generated in all sorts of ways. Its composition and volume largely depend on consumption patterns and the industrial and economic structures in place. Air quality, water and soil contamination, space consumption...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Index (HDI) in 2002
Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with thei...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement)
The global consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Over the 20-year period ending in 1994, the world population increased by 40% – in that same period, the world consumption of cement increased by 77%, and plast...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of personal computers
It is estimated that there are over a billion personal computers in the world at present. In developed countries these have an average life span of only 2 years. In the United States alone there are over 300 million obso...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mining effects on rainfall drainage
The Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is the number one environmental problem facing the mining industry. AMD occurs when sulphide-bearing minerals in rock are exposed to air and water, changing the sulphide to sulphuric acid. I...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Raw material consumption, global trends and US share
A small minority of rich countries are responsible for a large part of the raw material consumption. All together the developed countries comprise only 22% of the world population, but they consume more than 60% of the i...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste and car production
The life cycle approach gives a more complete picture of the waste and energy associated with a product. Our daily choices determine the amount of waste we produce. As consumers, our relationship to a product happens onl...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Information and communication technology expenditures
The high tech boom has brought with it a new type of waste – electronic waste, a category that barely existed 20 years ago. Now e-waste represents the biggest and fastest growing manufacturing waste. The black and white ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste generation scheme
The graphic gives a general illustration of a waste generation & management scheme. Using car production as a example, the associated text includes references as follows: Raw Materials: Mining of minerals: copper, iron, ...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected trends in regional municipal waste generation
Municipal waste is everything collected and treated by municipalities. Only part of it is comes from households, the rest is generated by small businesses, commercial and other municipal activities. So it is produced fro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Annual world nuclear reactor construction / Spent fuel generation
Both the volume and the level of radioactivity have to be considered – a large volume of waste with a low-level of radioactivity presents less danger than a smaller amount of waste with a high-level of radioactivity. Fo...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ability of countries to support their citizens from their own environment
The Ecological Footprint measures the amount of productive land area needed to support a nation’s consumption and waste. This indicator shows that in many countries, as well as for the planet as a whole, the demand for n...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Personal computers per 1000 people
It is estimated that there are over a billion personal computers in the world at present. In developed countries these have an average life span of only 2 years. In the United States alone there are over 300 million obso...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in transboundary movement of waste among Parties to the Basel Convention
The amount of waste on the move is increasing rapidly. Reports to the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal suggest that between 1993 and 2001 the amount of was...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Raw materials consumption in the United States
The United States consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Since 1950 some raw material consumption has increase by over 200 percent. Raw materials used for construction has risen over 400 percent in the same tim...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Percentage of the population served by municipal waste services
Waste collection is a basic public service performed for everyone in OECD countries. Everyone? Well, a closer look reveals that this is not the case for a significant number of people. If these developed countries can’t ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of selected industrial raw materials compared to global population
Five of the top countries consuming industrial raw materials account for roughly 10 percent of the world's population but consume up to 50 percent of more of some of the main materials. This shows a large imbalance betwe...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Municipal solid waste composition: for 7 OECD countries and 7 Asian cities
In most countries in the world, organic materials and paper are the main contributors to municipal waste. In developing countries, large cities generate most of the municipal waste. Data are rarely available for rural ar...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal