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Economy of the Arctic, by sector Economy of the Arctic, by sector
The largest economies in the Arctic belong to Alaska (US) and Russia, mainly because of mining and petroleum activity. Regions that are still heavily dominated by more traditional subsistence activities, such as hunting and fishing, in Greenland and in Northern Canada, have much lower gross products. Similarly, reindeer herding in Russia and Scandinavia is of substantial importance to the livelihoods and lifestyles of reindeer herders like the Sa...
17 May 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Definitions of the Arctic Definitions of the Arctic
Several definitions of the Arctic as a region exist and are all used extensively. Definitions of the geographic boundaries of the Arctic vary, including such definitions as the area with a July isotherm below 10º C, vegetation distribution (tundra) or political boundaries, such as the definition by CAFF (CAFF, 2001). Nowhere else on Earth do we find such vast areas of relatively undisturbed marine and coastal ecosystems.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of reindeer population in the Barents Region Distribution of reindeer population in the Barents Region
The rendeer population of the Barents region is broken down into 5 distinct groups to show and their range. The 5 types are: Svalbard, wild, wild forest, domesticated and wild, and domesticated or semi-domesticated. (Please note that the The Barents Euro-Arctic Council has expanded the membership since 1998)
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Distribution of polar bear populations in the Arctic Distribution of polar bear populations in the Arctic
Worldwide there are thought to be 22,000-27,000 polar bears (Ursus maritimus)in 20 separate populations. They can be found in the United States, Canada, Russia, Greenland and on the Arctic islands of Norway.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Rural and urban population in the Barents region Rural and urban population in the Barents region
The Barents Region is a European Region, populated by 4.4 million inhabitants. The urban levels compared to the rural levels of the major population groups of this area are demonstrated on the graphic. (Please note that the The Barents Euro-Arctic Council has expanded the membership since 1998)
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nuclear activities in the Arctic over the last 50 years Nuclear activities in the Arctic over the last 50 years
Numerous nuclear explosions have taken place in the Arctic. One of the largest military nuclear testing facilities is on the island of Novaya Zemlya, where from 1955 through to 1990 the Soviet Union detonated 88 atmospheric, 29 underground, and 3 underwater nuclear devices. Dozens of civilian 'peaceful nuclear explosions' have also occured in the Russian Arctic, where nuclear bombs were used into the late 1980's for seismic studies, mining, and i...
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Dates of river ice break-up in the Arctic Dates of river ice break-up in the Arctic
Dates of river ice break-up in the Arctic
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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How much sea ice will be left in 2050? How much sea ice will be left in 2050?
Climate simulations suggest continued rapid loss of Arctic sea-ice. The observations of indigenous peoples also indicate unprecedented change. The loss of the Arctic sea-ice will have vast impacts on climate, livelihoods and biodiversity.
21 Mar 2006 - by Author: K. Dixon & H. Vahlenkamp, October 1998, December 1999, February 2004; Layout: Petter Sevaldsen (UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Traditional practices, infrastructure and development Traditional practices, infrastructure and development
Indigneous peoples have lived in Arctic for thousands of years, and continue to depend upon the natural resources of the region today. Their traditional subsistence practices include hunting, trapping, fishing and reindeer herding. All of which are conducted in a sustainable manner; that is, in a way that does not lead to long-term or large-scale degredation of the environment. However, the balance they have achieved with the environment through...
21 Mar 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Cesium 137 from nuclear weapon testing fallout (1995 figures) Cesium 137 from nuclear weapon testing fallout (1995 figures)
Nuclear explosions - especially the atmospheric tests in the Arctic and from US, UK and Chinese tests at other sites in the world - are the primary source of radioactive contamination in the Arctic. With the times needed for decomposition of nuclear fallout, these higher radiation levels subsists for longer times.
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Places named by inuinnait toponyms in the regions covered by maps at a scale of 1:50,000 Places named by inuinnait toponyms in the regions covered by maps at a scale of 1:50,000
Place names, which are part of the Inuit Oral tradition, are closely related to the stories that also make up Oral tradition. Indeed, many stories are linked to special places, which are mentioned when a story is told. This is illustrated by the mapping of Inuinnnait place names mentioned in the stories of the Oral tradition as it was recorded by Diamond Jenness in 1914-1916, Knud Rasmussen in 1923 and Maurice Métayer (OMI) in 1958.
21 Mar 2006 - by Beatrice Collignon, Sorbonne University
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Global atmospheric and underground nuclear explosions since 1945 Global atmospheric and underground nuclear explosions since 1945
Nuclear explosions - especially the atmospheric tests in the Arctic and from US, UK and Chinese tests at other sites in the world - are the primary source of radioactive contamination in the Arctic. Releases from nuclear fuel reprocessing plants in Europe are the second largest source of Arctic radioactivity, while the Chernobyl reactor accicent is the third.
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Vital Arctic Graphics (postcards) Vital Arctic Graphics (postcards)
Promotional postcards prepare for marketing the 2004 edition of Vital Arctic Graphics, highlighting some of the themes and slides with map cut-outs and quotes from the text - on people and the environment of the Arctic.
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Petter Sevaldsen, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Seasonal alternation of the Kangiryuarmiut (early 20th century) Seasonal alternation of the Kangiryuarmiut (early 20th century)
Place names, which are part of the Inuit Oral tradition, are closely related to the stories that also make up Oral tradition. Indeed, many stories are linked to special places, which are mentioned when a story is told. This is illustrated by the mapping of Inuinnnait place names mentioned in the stories of the Oral tradition as it was recorded by Diamond Jenness in 1914-1916, Knud Rasmussen in 1923 and Maurice Métayer (OMI) in 1958.
21 Mar 2006 - by Beatrice Collignon, Sorbonne University
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Dates of river ice freeze-up in the Arctic Dates of river ice freeze-up in the Arctic
Presenting the relative dates of river freeze-up in the Arctic and the climatic condititions surrounding that, thus outlining the relative changes in temperature and conditions throughout the circumpolar Arctic.
21 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Projected changes in Arctic pack ice Projected changes in Arctic pack ice
The averages of the scenarios in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) for the Arctic pack ice sheet (the permanent ice) are presented in this map, with the successive decrease in the ice up to 2090.
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Arctic, topography and bathymetry Arctic, topography and bathymetry
The Arctic is extremely diverse in terms of landscapes, varying from pack and drift ice to rugged shores, flat coastal plains, rolling hills and mountains surpassing 6000 metres above sea level (Denali, 6,194 m asl, in sub-arctic and boreal Alaska). The region has rivers and lakes, tundra and the largest forests in the world (the Russian Taiga).
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Projected changes in Arctic pack ice Projected changes in Arctic pack ice
The averages of the scenarios in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) for the Arctic pack ice sheet (the permanent ice) are presented in this map, with the successive decrease in the ice up to 2090.
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Arctic, topography and bathymetry Arctic, topography and bathymetry
The Arctic is extremely diverse in terms of landscapes, varying from pack and drift ice to rugged shores, flat coastal plains, rolling hills and mountains surpassing 6000 metres above sea level (Denali, 6,194 m asl, in sub-arctic and boreal Alaska). The region has rivers and lakes, tundra and the largest forests in the world (the Russian Taiga).
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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research_antarcticflag_nb research_antarcticflag_nb
About research_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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