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Region: geoafrica

Threat of bad bugs
Locust invasions are a major threat to the agriculture, pasture, food security and social stability of rural populations occupying a very large area from Western Africa to Northern India. Large amounts of chemicals are b...
03 Oct 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
In the Grip of Malaria in Africa
There is increasing evidence that climate change has a significant role in causing malaria epidemics. As climatic conditions change, the locations of suitable breeding habitats for the mosquitoes that transmit malaria an...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Malnutrition and Famine
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa face chronic malnutrition, with frequent famine episodes. This graphic shows the locations of areas in Africa which face chronic malnutrition (less than 2300 calories per day and per ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water availability in Africa
Water resources are inextricably linked with climate, so the prospect of global climate change has serious implications for water resources and regional development (Riebsame et al., 1995). This graphic shows water avail...
17 May 2005 - by Digout, Delphine, based on a sketch by Philippe Rekacewicz; UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Aridity Zones
Forty percent of Africa's population lives in arid, semi-arid, and dry subhumid areas. Climate change may lead to an increase in arid zones that are susceptible to drought. This graphic shows the locations of humid, mois...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
People Affected by Natural Disasters During the Period 1971 to 2001
Natural disasters are increasing in number and frequency, and affect most countries in Africa. This graphic shows the amounts of people, in millions, who were affected by drought, by famine, by flood and by epidemics rel...
17 May 2005 - by Digout, Delphine, based on a sketch by Philippe Rekacewicz; UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate change vulnerability in Africa
Multiple stresses make most of Africa highly vulnerable to environmental changes, and climate change is likely to increase this vulnerability. This graphic shows which of the regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa,...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Freshwater stress and scarcity in africa by 2025
According to Population Action International, based upon the UN medium population projections of 1998, more than 2.8 billion people in 48 countries will face water stress or water scarcity conditions by 2025. An area is ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major river basins of Africa
This map shows the locations of 13 major river basins in Africa: the Senegal, Volta, Niger, Lake Chad, Nile, Lake Turkana, Juba Shibeli, Ogooue, Congo, Zambezi, Okavango, Limpopo and Orange river basins.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relationship between biodiversity and poverty in Africa
This map may be used to show areas in which biodiversity is threatened in relation to poverty on a continental scale. Areas where high percentage of underweight children - used as a proxy for poverty - coincide with a hi...
01 Nov 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Woodfuel and energy consumption
Biomass, primarily woodfuel, is the major source of energy in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the exception of South Africa. Over 90% of the total energy consumption is biomass in Ethiopia, DPR Congo and Tanzania. Projections e...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Current and potential arable land use in Africa
Out of the total land area in Africa, only a fraction is used for arable land. Using soil, land cover and climatic characteristics a FAO study has estimated the potential land area for rainfed crops, excluding built up a...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Agriculture in Africa, value added out of GDP
For the future of Africa, agriculture remains one of the most important issues. A majority of the population, especially outside urban areas, are involved in agriculture, and food security is one of the most important is...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gender equality and empowerment of women: eliminate differences in education
In increasing living standards, sustainability and livelihoods and eliminating poverty, gender equality and education are seen as some of the main means. This is further recognized in the Millennium Development Goals, as...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Africa: Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
The process initiated by UNEP in 1995, materialised as the Stockholm convention in May 2001. The convention bans chemicals such as chlordane, DDT and PCB and other organic pesticides and industrial chemicals, as well as ...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Loss of Great Ape habitat 2002-2032 (Africa)
Based on population pressures the GLOBIO2 model has assessed the current and future human impacts on Great Ape habitat in Africa (Chimpanzee, Bonobo and Gorilla). The analysis shows a vast reduction of some of the world'...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population and growth, projections and historic data
The population has rapidly increased in Africa, to reach approximately 905 million inhabitants by 2005. The rate of the annual growth is levelling out after seeing a peak around 1990. Out of the sub-regions, the populati...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Africa: policy on genetically modified organisms (GMO) and genetically engineered (GE) foods
The Cartagena protocol on biosafety, a supplement to the convention on biological diversity, has strong support in Africa, with a majority of the countries as signatories. In addition, several countries have, in the past...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions of carbon dioxide, in Africa and selected OECD countries
Africa represents only a small fraction, 3.6%, out of the total carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per year, yet 14% of the population of the world lives here. The emissions per inhabitant in Libya, the Seychelles and South ...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pesticides stockpiles in Africa
Mountains of obsolete pesticides are stockpiled in Africa. Problems with labelling, storage, and the supply of unsuitable products, means that they sit around unused, some for as long as 40 years. They include poisons lo...
02 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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