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Carbon dioxide emissions in Zimbabwe Carbon dioxide emissions in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has done well in phasing out ozone depleting substances, reaching the target five years ahead of the 2015 deadline set by the Montreal Protocol (Government of Zimbabwe 2010). The extent of carbon emissions is not a significant factor in environmental sustainability in Zimbabwe at present. The estimated figures are low, and continue to go down.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zimbabwe Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zimbabwe
An initial impact of land reform was deforestation as forests were cleared to accommodate larger numbers of farmers, but the impact is yet to be quantified. Figure 4.52 shows that the proportion of land area covered by forests dropped by eight per cent per decade in the period from 1990 to 2010, according to FAO estimates.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Wood production in Zimbabwe Wood production in Zimbabwe
Between 2000 and 2005, Zimbabwe had the sixth highest rate of deforestation in Africa, averaging 3 130 sq km per year (FAO 2005), with increasing uncontrolled bush and forest fires. Agriculture is responsible for an estimated 700 sq km (roughly one quarter) of this annual loss, while heavy dependence on wood for fuel and commercial logging account for the rest.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Proportion of population without access to improved sanitation in Zambia Proportion of population without access to improved sanitation in Zambia
The proportion of national population without sustainable access to an improved water source had dropped below 40 per cent by 2008 and is on course to meet the MDG target of 25.5 per cent by 2015. With respect to sanitation, however, the situation is getting worse, and the proportion of the population without access to good sanitation rose by more than 10 per cent from 26 per cent in 1991 to 36.1 per cent in 2006, far from the target of 13 per ce...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Access to safe water for the urban and rural population in Zambia Access to safe water for the urban and rural population in Zambia
Although Zambia has serious challenges of water pollution arising from contamination by sewage and toxic industrial chemicals in mining areas, the country continues to sustain the provision of improved water supply to urban areas, although access in rural areas remains below 50 per cent, as shown in the figure.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zambia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zambia
The proportion of land area covered by forests has dropped more than six per cent since 1990, leaving two-thirds of the land under forests as shown in this figure.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Fuelwood production in Zambia Fuelwood production in Zambia
The consumption of fuelwood is expected to increase by 35 per cent between 2000 and 2020 (FAO 2003) and had already reached a level of 8.8 million cu m per year by 2009 (Figure 4.44). Much of the fuelwood is converted to charcoal for use in urban households or rural industries. Eighty per cent of the population continues to use solid fuels, although this is down from 86 per cent in 1990 (Government of Zambia 2008). Alternative methods need to ...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Access to sanitation facilities in Tanzania Access to sanitation facilities in Tanzania
Sewerage service coverage in urban centres increased from around four per cent in 1990, to six per cent in 2000 and 17 per cent in 2008. There has been a steady increase of coverage in improved sanitation facilities from 40.2 per cent in 2001, 50 per cent in 2006, to 55 per cent in 2007, as shown in Figure 4.42. Similar progress has been recorded in Zanzibar, with the proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility in urban areas r...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Population using improved water sources in Tanzania Population using improved water sources in Tanzania
The proportion of people in urban areas who use drinking water from improved sources has increased to 83 per cent in 2008, from 68 per cent in 1990 (Government of Tanzania 2008). While more than 80 per cent of people living in urban areas in Tanzania have access to clean drinking water, the figure drops to just over one-third in the rural areas, thus bringing down the national average to about half of the population with access to safe drinking ...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Threatened species in Tanzania Threatened species in Tanzania
Tanzania is a large country with vast biological diversity and high numbers of threatened species,well documented. According to IUCN (2008), Tanzania has 10 008 known species of higher plants including endemic and non-endemic, out of which 235 (2.9 per cent) are threatened. Of the 316 known mammal species 42 are threatened (excluding marine mammals). There are 229 known breeding bird species out of which 33 are threatened (excluding those that mi...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Tanzania Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Tanzania
The proportion of land area covered by forests has dropped by 19 per cent since 1990 due to deforestation, leaving just over one-third of the land under forests as shown in this figure. Much of the fuelwood that is cut is converted to charcoal for use in urban households. Rural industries also use substantial amounts of fuelwood. Alternative methods need to be applied and indigenous knowledge systems should be incorporated into sustainable harv...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Households with access to basic sanitation in Namibia Households with access to basic sanitation in Namibia
Access by urban households to safe drinking water is slightly less than 100 per cent, but decreasing. Access of rural households to safe drinking water was 88 per cent in 2008, up from 67 per cent in 2000. The government has improved water supply to rural communities through the provision of new boreholes and the rehabilitation of existing boreholes, as well as the development of pipelines. Namibia recycles water, especially in urban areas. This...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Population using improved water sources in Namibia Population using improved water sources in Namibia
Access by urban households to safe drinking water is slightly less than 100 per cent, but decreasing. Access of rural households to safe drinking water was 88 per cent in 2008, up from 67 per cent in 2000. The government has improved water supply to rural communities through the provision of new boreholes and the rehabilitation of existing boreholes, as well as the development of pipelines. Namibia recycles water, especially in urban areas. This...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in the number of threatened species in Namibia Change in the number of threatened species in Namibia
Threats to biodiversity include over-grazing, agriculture and mining (WWF 2006). Figure 4.34 shows that there are 58 threatened species in Namibia, an increase of 60 per cent in less than a decade, although some increase in the figure is due to new areas of study that have not been previously researched.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon Dioxide emissions in Namibia Carbon Dioxide emissions in Namibia
Carbon dioxide emissions have increased slightly since 1999 due to urban growth and increased use of fossil fuels, but the increase shown in the graphic, is largely due to improved monitoring.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia
While Namibia is not heavily forested, the graphic shows a 17 per cent drop in the proportion of land area covered by forests since 1990. Just 8.8 per cent of the country was covered by forests in 2010.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Cattle stocks in Namibia Cattle stocks in Namibia
Overgrazing is the largest threat to the environment since cattle, which outnumber people in Namibia, have surpassed the carrying capacity of the land. Current evidence of desertification includes declining ground water levels, soil erosion, reduced soil fertility, increased salt content in soils, and loss of woody vegetation. The increase in cattle stocks is shown in this figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Mozambique Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Mozambique
The 15-year conflict from 1977-1992, and drought in some regions, caused significant migration to coastal and urban areas, which have continued to grow by more than four per cent per year although the war ended 20 years ago. Many people from rural areas joined other family members in the cities, thus expanding the overcrowded peri-urban areas. This trend is slowly being reversed through the development of amenities in rural areas as well as pr...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Access to clean water and improved sanitation in Mozambique Access to clean water and improved sanitation in Mozambique
The proportion of the population with access to safe drinking water has increased significantly to 56 per cent in 2009, from 37.3 per cent in 1997. The national target for 2015 is 70 per cent. The proportion of the population with access to improved sanitation has increased from 40 per cent in 2003 to 45 per cent in 2009, with a target of 50 per cent for 2015. Thus, Mozambique is likely to meet the 2015 targets for access to water and sanitation...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Threatened Species in Mozambique Threatened Species in Mozambique
Mozambique is also rich in birdlife, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, but the number of threatened species recorded jumped from 41 in 1996 to 108 in 2003 as shown in this figure, in part due to greater access to areas of study.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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