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Global costs of extreme weather events Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompass the increase in world population and the simultaneous concentration of people and values in large conurbations, the development of highly exposed regions and the high vulnerability of modern societies and technologies, and fina...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in natural disasters Trends in natural disasters
With growing population and infrastructures the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing. This is particularly true as the strongest population growth is located in coastal areas (with greater exposure to floods, cyclones and tidal waves). To make matters worse any land remaining available for urban growth is generally risk-prone, for instance flood plains or steep slopes subject to landslides. The statistics in this graphic r...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives) Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives)
The planet is scattered with hazardous or explosive leftovers from a succession of technical breakthroughs – be they military or industrial – just waiting to be washed away by a flood or mudslide or carried off by a hurricane. If disaster strikes these “powder kegs” multiply the danger to people and the environment (posing a particularly acute threat to already scarce water resources).
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin
On 30 January 2000 a tailings dam at the Aurul Mine in Romania overflowed and released 100,000 cubic metres of effluent containing cyanide into the Tisza River. By the time the overflow was detected, the alarm raised and emergency measures taken to staunch the flow, heavily contaminated wastewater had reached the Danube River and was on its way to Hungary and beyond. Traces of cyanide, albeit at a very low level, were still detected in the rive...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Crushed by war - world conflicts Crushed by war - world conflicts
For people in countries at war or subject to economic embargos many goods are scarce, food and water constituting the most crucial shortages. But they also have to deal regularly with death and injury. In such countries disaster prevention may well not be a priority.
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Tropical cyclone frequency Tropical cyclone frequency
Tropical cyclones, or hurricanes or typhoons, are storm weather systems, characterised by a low pressure centre, thunderstorms and high windspeeds. As the name testifies, these occur in the areas between the tropics, in the tropical areas. Cyclones can, after they have formed in the oceans, move in over populated areas, creating much damage and even natural disasters.
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water management in Central Asia: state and impact Water management in Central Asia: state and impact
The graphic shows the effects of the shrinking of the Aral sea, and related issues, on both population migration, and environmental impacts in other areas. It also shows other water problems that could lead to tensions and conflicts.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-1991 Life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-1991
This graphic shows life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-91 in Europe and former USSR. The graphic clearly shows the extended life expectancy at birth from 1987-1991, compared to the life expectancy at birth in 1980.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas and conservation hotspots in Albania Protected areas and conservation hotspots in Albania
The graphic shows the protected areas of Albania, the proposed areas for protection and areas with endangered species. Albania is well known for its high diversity of ecosystems and habitats. Within its territory there are maritime ecosystems, coastal zones, lakes, rivers, evergreen and broadleaf bushes, broadleaf forests, pine forests, alpine and sub-alpine pastures and meadows, and high mountain ecosystems. It is rich in forest and pasture reso...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Bor river/Timok river Watershed Bor river/Timok river Watershed
The graphic shows the watershed area of the Bor and Timok rivers, and the areas potentially affected by pollution.The southeast Serbian municipality of Bor is paying a high price for the century-old industrial exploitation of its copper resources. The citizens and the municipality of Bor have recently embarked on a participatory process in order to identify and tackle their most threatening environmental problems.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population groups in Central Asia Population groups in Central Asia
The graph shows the various populations groups in Central Asia. It covers Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, all of which have two or more official languages. Uralic Altaic and Indo-European are the two main ethinc groups in this area under which the others may be categorized.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer [Russian] Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer [Russian]
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins
Overview over the transboundary Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins in North Eastern Europe. These basins span the countries of Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Poland, and the rivers drain to the Baltic Sea. This map was prepared for the DatabasiN project, which will coordinate spatial information for transboundary river basin management.
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population displacements 1991 to 2001 Population displacements 1991 to 2001
All the states that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia are still fragile, except Slovenia, which joined the EU in 2004, and Croatia, which is well on the way towards European integration. Since the Dayton Peace Agreement (1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina has constituted a state, but split into two entities: the Republic of Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, itself divided into 10 cantons.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Russia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections Russia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ukraine emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections Ukraine emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Luxembourg emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections Luxembourg emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Portugal emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections Portugal emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Australia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projection Australia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projection
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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