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Solar insolation
Solar insolation, the quantification of energy per surface area on the ground, can be used as an indicator for the potential for solar energy. This graphic presents solar insolation, calculated to annual averages from mo...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hydropower potential (theoretical possitibility for electricity generation)
xHydropower, generating electricity through turbines, represents a clean and renewable energy source, but not without problems. Dams and reservoirs disrupt the natural flow, and may increase siltation and evaporation, in...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
tourismstats_see
About tourismstats_see
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
political_see
About political_see
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The expansion of the European Union, political map 1957, 1987, 1997 and 2007
The political map and landscape in Europe has changed drastically in the period of 1957-2007. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the European Communities was formed in 1957 by the treaty of Rome, with six signator...
20 Jul 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in permafrost temperatures in the central and northern Mackenzie Valley, 1984-2006
Temperature monitoring in Canada indicates a warming of shallow permafrost over the last two to three decades. Since the mid-1980s, shallow permafrost (upper 20-30 m) has generally warmed in the Mackenzie Valley. The gre...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World ocean thermohaline circulation (alternative version)
The global conveyor belt thermohaline circulation is driven primarily by the formation and sinking of deep water (from around 1500m to the Antarctic bottom water overlying the bottom of the ocean) in the Norwegian Sea. W...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Historical trends in carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature, on a geological and recent time scale
The most recent geological history, in the last hundred thousand years, has been characterised by cycles of glaciations, or ice ages. The historic temperatures, through these times, have been low, and continental ice she...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major glacier hazard locations
Major glacier hazard locations
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic sea ice minimum extent in September 1982, 2005 and 2007
The red line indicates the median minimum extent of the ice cover for the period 1979–2000. This figure compares the Arctic sea ice extent in September for the years 1982 (the record maximum since 1979), 2005 and 2007 (t...
18 Apr 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Increases in annual temperatures for a recent five-year period, relative to 1951-1980
Warming is widespread, generally greater over land than over oceans, and the largest gains in temperatures for the planet are over the North American Arctic, north central Siberia, and on the Antarctic Peninsula. These r...
18 Apr 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ringed seal pupping lair, with the pup in the lair and the female approaching the haul-out hole from the water
Ringed seals are the 'classic' Arctic seal in many regards, being found as far north as the Pole because of their ability to keep breathing holes open in ice that can reach 2 metres in depth. This species is certainly on...
01 Nov 2007 - by Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greenland, showing rates of surface-elevation change between the late 1990s and 2003
Mass-balance estimates for Greenland show thickening at high elevations since the early 1990s at rates that increased to about 4 cm per year after 2000, consistent with expectations of increasing snowfall in a warming cl...
18 Apr 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Solid waste management cost for selected cities
As garbage piles up, however much space we set aside for landfill, we are beginning to realise that producing waste at this rate is no longer viable. It is time for the three “Rs”: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and integrated w...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Barents Sea ecoregion conservation priority areas
The Barents Sea ecoregion - the part of the World Ocean north of the Nordic countries and Northwest Russia, has a unique environment with major sea bird colonies, rich benthic and plankton fauna and many major sea mammal...
06 Dec 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Catches in the Mauritania Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 1950-2002
Marine fisheries represent a significant, but finite, natural resource for coastal countries. For some countries like Mauritania, the majority of the catches belong to international fleets. This represents a significant ...
02 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of borrowers in the micro-credit scheme
Number of borrowers in the MACH micro-credit scheme, Bangladesh
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Deforestation in the MAB, Guatemala case study
Deforestation in the MAB, Guatemala case study
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water management in Central Asia: state and impact
The withdrawal of water for irrigated agriculture has caused a social and environmental crisis in the Aral Sea Basin. Drying up of the sea has been accompanied by a wide range of other environmental, economic and social ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of Nitrogen fertilizers in EU 15
The graph shows Consumption of Nitrogen fertilizers in EU 15 from 1970 to 1992. The main source of nitrogen in soils is from organic matter. Nitrogen also comes from sources such as factories. A common concern with these...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in life expectancy in Europe, 1980 and 1990
Life expectancy has increased in all countries surveyed in this graphic, from both Western and Eastern Europe. In the Western European countries, life expectancy at the end of the eighties is higher than 72 years old, wi...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources in Europe
The amount of natural water resorces available per inhabitant in Europe, in cubic meter per year. Water resources are at the highest in the Nordic countries and Central an Easter Europe, while scarce in Western/Central E...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of pesticides (active ingredients)
The graphic shows consumption of pesticide (active ingredients) from 1980 to 2010. Pesticides are natural chemicals or altered versions of natural chemicals used in agriculture to control various sorts of pests such as d...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Renewable water resources in Europe
Water resources are a major political issure with most European countries a large portion of their fresh water supply orginating from other countries. Hungary has over 90 percent of its fresh water coming from river flow...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources in Europe
On the continental scale, Europe appears to have abundant water resources. However, these resources are unevenly distributed, both between and within countries. Once population density is taken into account, the disequit...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Renewable water resources
Renewable water represents the main water resource available to society. This is the water that is continously recharged in the hydrological cycle. This graphic shows renewable resources in cubic meter per capita in East...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers
The graphic shows the development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers. Water resources in Europe have been profoundly influenced over the past century by human activities, including the construction...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in groundwater nitrate concentrations
The graph shows the development of Nitrate concentration in groundwater from 1980 to 1995 in France, Britain and Denmark combined. Nitrate is a naturally occurring compound and is normal in small amounts, but excess amou...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Transport SO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows transport SO2 emissions from 1990 to 1998 ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
GDP: BSR and lowest versus highest
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the economic wealth of countries in the Bal...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of ozone depleting substances
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the consumption of the ozone depleting sub...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
baltic21_ba-trans-accid3 x
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 )
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of tourist hotel overnight stays
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the number of tourist hotel overnight stay...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sprat - sampling area
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the sampling area for Sprat.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial emissions of CO2, which includes...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR industrial energy consumption, renewable and non-renewable
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows that the total industrial energy consumptio...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Herring - sampling area
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). THe graphic shows the sampling area for Herring.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR ecosystem area where acidification and eutrophication exceeds critical loads
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows BSR ecosystem area where acidification and...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of ISO 9000 certified companies
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the number of ISO certified companies from ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Passenger car density 2
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows passenger car density in Baltic countries ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Yearly applied phosphorus by mineral fertilizers
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows a decline in yearly applied Phosphorus by m...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Yearly applied nitrogen fertilizers
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows a decline in yearly applied nitrogen ferti...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Life expectancy at birth
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows life expectancy at birth in 1997, male and ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR energy intensity
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows a slight decline in energy intensity from 1...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cereals
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the production of cereals in Baltic count...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR road traffic injuries
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows BSR road traffic injuries.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial SO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial SO2 emissions from combustion in...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR renewable energy versus total final energy supply
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows an increase in the ratio of renewable energ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of ISO certified companies
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the number of ISO 9000 and ISO 14001 certif...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Milk productivity
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the production of milk in Baltic countries...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
National unemployment rates since 1990
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows national unemployment rates since 1990.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
baltic21_ba-fish-cod3 test
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 )
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cod, age 2 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic compares recruitment and spawning stock biomass ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR efficiency in central transformation and transmission
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 ) BSR efficiency in central transformation and transmission has...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Herring - recruitment and spawning stock biomass
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic compares the recruitment and spawning stock bioma...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trees showing serious defoliation
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the percentage of trees showing serious def...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial NO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial NO2 emissions from combustion in...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cod, age 1 - landings and fishing mortality
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic compares landings and fishing mortality og cod, ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Transport CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows transport CO2 emissions from 1990 to 1998 ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cod, age 1 - recruitment and spawning stock biomass
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic compares recruitment and spawning stock biomass ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
baltic21_ba-fish-cod6 x
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000 )
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Proportions of mixed forest stands
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows percentage of mixed forest stands in Baltic...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial Production
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial production from 1990 to 1998 in ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Passenger car density
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows passenger car density in 1997.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Road traffic injuries and fatalities in the Baltic sea Region
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows road traffic injuries and fatalities in the...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Transport NO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows transport NO2 emissions in Baltic countrie...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR CO2 emissions since 1992
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). Emissions of CO2 in the Baltic region have remained constant ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Animal density
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows a general decline in animal density in Bal...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of ISO 14001 certified companies
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the number of ISO 14001 certified companies...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sprat- recruitment and spawning stock biomass
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows the recruitment and spawning stock biomass...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Annual average change in forest growing stock
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows the annual average change in forest growing...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cod, age 2 - landings and fishing mortality
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows landings and fishing mortality of cod, age...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Herring - landings and fishing mortality
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic compares the landings and the fishing mortality o...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sprat - landings and fishing mortality
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows landings and fishing mortality of Sprat.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Life expectancy at birth- comparing male and female
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic compares life expectancy at birth between males ...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR relative natural gas consumption
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). BSR relative natural gas consumption has remained constant fr...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR SO2 and NOx emissions since 1990
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows SO2 and NOx emissions since 1990 in the Bal...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR Road traffic fatalities
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000) The graphic shows BSR road traffic fatalities.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biodiveristy in Central Asia
Caspian and Balkhash endemic species are under threat of extinction. It is estimated that ten percent of total area needs to be protected in order to sustain development and the countries of the region are seriously behi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries (slide 4)
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries part 4. It illustrates positive and negative development in Nordic countries within areas such as timber resources and agricultural land resources.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental policy responses
This graphic shows the general responses to the need for policy from region to region around the world. The trend looks optimistic that many different types and level of policies are being implemented in most areas of th...
01 Jan 1998 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases have several anthropogenic sources inc...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in Nitrogen loads and concentrations, Baltic Sea, 1900-2030
The graphic show trends in Nitrogen loads and concentrations in the Baltic Sea from 1900 to 1995 with projections to 2030. The main source of nitrogen in soils is from organic matter. Nitrogen also comes from sources suc...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gross consumption of electricity in 1996 and prognoses until 2005
The graphic shows gross consumption of electricity in 1996 and prognoses until 2005. The projections to 2005 shows an increase from both 1996 and 2000 in the consumption of electricity in all the nordic countries.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fertilizer consumption in the Nordic countries, 1980-1996
The graph shows the consumption of fertilizers in the Nordic countries form 1980 to 1996 with projections to 2006. The fertilizers included are phosphate, Potash and Nitrogen which are the three most important nutrients ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in Phosphorus loads and concentrations, Baltic Sea, 1900-2030
The graphic shows trends in Phosphorus loads and concentrations in the Baltic Sea from 1900 to 1995 with projections to 2030. Phosphorus is an agricultural fertilizer. Phosphorus is produced in nature, but never in its p...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries ( I )
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries (I). It describes negative and postive developments in different areas such as climate change, emissions of CO2, Ozone layer depletion and emissions of various oth...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Estimated ground deposition of cesium-137 from nuclear-weapon fallout
The graph shows the estimated ground deposition of cesium-137 from nuclear weapon testing fallout. Cesium- 173 deposition from nuclear- weapon fallout have severe effects on human health. Based on estimaed doses to the A...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graphic shows electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996. Developed countries, and Nordic nations in particular, have the highes energy consumption per capita in the world. Over the last deca...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries 3
This illustration shows positive and negative developments in areas such as household waste per capita, urban environment Quality, biodiversity and number of private and commercial cars, see the other illustrations in th...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity generation by sources in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graph shows the electricity generation by sources in the Nordic countries in 1996. Nordic countries have a highly developed energy marked, particularly in renewables, partly due to a high number of scientist working ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely produced by human activ...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries ( II )
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries (II). The graph demonstrates negative and positive environmental developments in areas such as marine water and discharges of Nitrogen, fresh water resources, and ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relative importance given to environmental issues
The graphic shows relative importance given to environmental issues in different regions of the world, listing Asia-Pacific and Europe as the regions with most environmental issues of critical importance.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graphic shows exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in 1996. The Nordic countries have a long tradition of cross-border cooperation in providing an efficient and reliable power supply. The main reason for ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relative trends in number of passenger cars - Nordic and Baltic countries (1980-1996)
The graph shows relative trends in number of passenger cars in Nordic and Baltic countries from 1980 to 1996. It shows a relatively stabil graph for the number of passenger cars in nordic countries, however, in the Balti...
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity consumption in kWh per capita
The graph shows the consumption of electricity in kWh per capita. The graph shows that developed countries, and Nordic nations in particular have the highest energy consumption per capita. Please note that this figure is...
01 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions
The graphic shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995, with projections to 2020. The main greenhouse gases are CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. GLobal warming is largely believed to be the re...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal