Graphics Library >> Recent

Recent

Examples of GHG emission amounts 15
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Do you really save time?
Train versus plane in a busy world
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 11
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies
The national greenhouse gas intensity measures the quantity of GHG emissions in relation to the economic output of a country and is independent of the absolute quantity of GHG emitted. Other ways to represent GHG emissio...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Strategic options for climate change mitigation Global cost curve for greenhouse gas abatement measures
This graphic attempts to show 'all in one': the various measures for greenhouse gas reduction with both reduction (in CO2 equivalent) and cost (in Euros) quantified. Read from left to right it gives the whole range of s...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 13
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biofuel versus fossil fuel
About Biofuel versus fossil fuel
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 02
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Some examples of the effect of individual behaviour on greenhouse gas emissions in France
The area of the squares is proportionate to the annual reduction in emissions in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Estimated values calculated by France's Environment Institute (Ifen), drawing on various sources: Mani...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate Change Performance Index 2008
The Climate Change Performance Index developed by Germanwatch is calculated using three weighted indexes: *Emissions trends for energy, transport, industry and residential account for 50 % of total rating; *A countr...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Certified Emission Reductions
One certified emission reduction unit is equivalent to a one-tonne reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (measured in CO2 equivalent). Circles have only been drawn for countries that have issued more than 50,000 CERs....
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Turn it off!
Household appliances with a standby mode
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production and gas flaring
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adopted in 1992, divides countries into Annex I (industrialized countries and countries with economies in transition) and Non-Annex I parties (mostly d...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The boom in shipping trade
Map showing The boom in shipping trade and a graphic showing world imports.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Offset providers
Table explaining Offset providers
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy cost of out-of-season vegetables
Oil required for production Liters per kilogram of vegetable
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Most commonly used air routes, in million passengers a year
Other options besides flight?
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy consumption and CO2 emissions from building
Energy consumption for heating and hot water Kilowatt hour per square metre per year CO2 emissions depending on the energy used for heating and hot water, for a 100 square metre dwelling Kilograms of carbon equivalent...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
table01
About table01
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 01
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The Carbon cycle
The figures indicate carbon storage and flows, expressed in Gigatonnes (1 000 million tonnes) of carbon. The arrows are proportionate to the volume of carbon. The figures for the flows express amounts exchanged annual...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 10
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy consumption by usage in a building
Buildings (residential and commercial) account for 10 to 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions, including almost 70% carbon dioxide and 25% methane.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Largest industrial CO2 emitters
Facilities emitting more than 100 000 tonnes of CO2 each year
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions by gas
Thousand million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year (1970-2004 period)
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greenhouse gas emissions for three sectors
The data comes from national reports to UNFCCC. For developing countries (i. e. non-Annex I countries), data is either old or missing. To better reflect the truth, we chose to overlap 2000 data from IEA (dashed circle...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biofuel production Map
Global map about Biofuel production
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
table03
About table03
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 07
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 12
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Registered projects implemented under Kyoto’s “Clean Development Mechanism”
Number of projects by host parties and Number of projects by investor parties
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Dissolved phosphate levels: concentrations at river mouths
Phosphorus is naturally present in water, primarily as inorganic and organic phosphates. Phosphates can enter aquatic environments in several ways: from the natural weathering of minerals in the drainage basin, from biol...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Water Scarcity Index
Water overuse is damaging the environment in many major basins. High overuse tends to occur in regions heavily dependent on irrigated agriculture, such as the Indo-Gangetic Plain in south Asia, the North China Plain and ...
13 Sep 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Water competition between cities and agriculture
It is estimated that water pollution denies close to 1.3 billion people (20% of the global population in 2000) access to clean water supplies. In 1986, WHO reported that there were 250 million new cases of waterborne dis...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Sea level rise and assessment of the state of the marine environment
A significant sea level rise is one of the major anticipated consequences of climate change. This will cause some low-lying coastal areas to become completely submerged, while others will increasingly face short-lived hi...
01 Oct 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation
The supply of safe drinking water and the provision of sanitation are management issues that raise concerns about inequitable service provision, particularly in developing countries. Although several successful initiativ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Increased global water stress
According to Population Action International, based upon the UN Medium Population Projections of 1998, more than 2.8 billion people in 48 countries will face water stress, or scarcity conditions by 2025. Of these countri...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Relative demographic weight for each continent
Population percentage increase by continent.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
Poor and rich: inequal demographic evolution
According to the medium hypothesis of the United Nations, a projection comparing the population in developed and undeveloped countries.
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Fishing yield
Three-quarters of the world’s fish stocks are currently exploited to the maximum extent, if not in excess (FAO, 2000). This exploitation has had the following impacts: - A growing variety of fishery products are being e...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
The water cycle
Environment water transport system. The water cycle consists of precipitation, vapour transport, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, infiltration, groundwater flow and runoff. Figure 1 explains the global water cycle, ill...
01 Feb 2008 - by Philippe Rekacewicz , UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water - cooperation or conflict?
History shows that conflicts over water often emerge and give rise to political tensions, but that most disputes are resolved peacefully. However, the absence of conflict is, at best, only a partial indicator of the dept...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s
The agricultural sector is by far the biggest user of freshwater. Analysis indicates that: - In the United States, agriculture accounts for some 49% of total freshwater use, with 80% of this volume being used for irriga...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
The disappearance of the Aral Sea
The demise of the Aral Sea in central Asia was caused primarily by the diversion of the inflowing Amu Dar’ya and Syr Dar’ya rivers to provide irrigation water for local croplands. These diversions dramatically reduced th...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRIDA
Nitrate levels: concentrations at river mouths
Nutrients are essential to life. In aquatic systems, nitrogen and phosphorus are the two nutrients that most commonly control the growth of aquatic plants, algae and bacteria. Nitrogen and phosphorus are considered to be...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Tigris and Euphrates rivers fragmentation
It has been predicted that access to water will create conflict between countries. In Africa, central Asia, west Asia and the Americas, some countries are already arguing fiercely over access to rivers and inland seas, a...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
State of world fisheries and aquaculture
Drawing on research and statistical data since 2000, experts at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver have shown that catches reported by China are largely overestimated, concealing a substantial decline in wor...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Benefits of marine and coastal ecosystems to human wellbeing
Besides the well-known economic value of fisheries, there are several other activities generating significant revenues in coastal and marine areas. Tourism has become one of the world’s fastest growing industries, provid...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Level of river fragmentation and flow regulation
River fragmentation - The interruption of a river’s natural flow by dams, inter-basin transfers or water withdrawal - is an indicator of the degree to which rivers have been modified by man (Ward and Stanford, 1989, and ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), March 2006
Increasing price with volume
Rising block tariffs aim to achieve several public policy goals. A low or zero tariff applied to the first block can enhance affordability. For example, Durban, South Africa, provides 25 litres of water a day free of cha...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Water supply per river basin in 1995 and 2025
Although the absolute quantities of freshwater on earth have always remained approximately the same, the uneven distribution of water and human settlement continues to create growing problems freshwater availability and ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz,February 2006
Fish diversity in freshwater systems
Although freshwater ecosystems such as rivers, lakes and wetlands occupy less than 2% of the earth’s total land surface, they provide a wide range of habitats for a significant proportion of the world’s plant and animal ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Cereal productivity in sub-Saharan Africa under a projected Intergovernamental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenario
A majority of the population in sub-Saharan African lives in rural areas, where income and employment depend almost entirely on rain-fed agriculture. This population is today at high risk. Sub-Saharan Africa already has ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
The spread of cholera 1950-2004
Increasing floods in between dry periods represent ideal conditions for spreading diseases such as cholera. In Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania located in the desert, precipitations - when they occur - are always ac...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
More water evaporates from reservoirs than is consumed by humans
Throughout the 20th century, global water use has increased in the agricultural, domestic and industrial sectors. Evaporation from reservoirs has increased at a slower rate. Projections indicate that both global water us...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz)
Freshwater alkalinity: 1976-2008
Alkalinity is commonly used to indicate a water body’s capacity to buffer against acidity; that is, the ability to resist, or dampen, changes in pH. Thus, alkaline compounds in water, such as bicarbonates, carbonates, an...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Water withdrawal and consumption: the big gap
Freshwater use by continents is partly based on several socio-economic development factors, including population, physiographic, and climatic characteristics. Analysis indicates that: - Annual global freshwater withdraw...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
Water storage capacity for selected countries
Cross-country water storage comparisons provide insights into one aspect of risk mitigation capacity. However, storage capacity is only one guide to the linkage between infrastructure and vulnerability. Countries such as...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Public services provide cheaper water
By bringing water to people water resellers extend the coverage of piped water and provide a service with important benefits for households - but at a price. That price rises with distance from the utility, as defined by...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
World fish consumption per capita and per year
World fish consumption per year and per capita.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Total population: access to sanitation
The 2004 global image sadly shows that the lack of access to clean water remains a burden for the poorest countries, preventing them accelerating their development. Essentially handicapping most sub-Saharan African count...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
Human actions leading to coastal degradation
Physical alteration and the destruction of habitats are now considered one of the most significant threats to coastal areas. Half of the world’s wetlands, and even more of its mangrove forests, have been lost over the pa...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
World's surface water: evaporation and runoff
Because much of the world’s surface water is far from concentrations of human settlements, not all of it is readily usable. Some facts concerning global freshwater concentrations: - It is estimated that the freshwater ...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
The Mekong River - survival for millions
The Mekong River - survival for millions Following the course of the Mekong River helps to understand the human/river hydrological interdependence. From its source on the Tibetan Plateau it drops 5,000 metres and flows a...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
World population evolution
Trois hypothèses pour l’évolution de la population mondiale : Selon le bureau de la population des Nations unies, la plus vraisemblable est l’hypothèse moyenne : pour les périodes 1995-2000 et 2045-2050, elle prend...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
The decline of cod in the North Atlantic
Graph of the decline of fish stock globally and a map of fish stock in Maritime Canada and the United States.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Dependency ratio in renewable water
The dependency ratio is a good indicator of where tension and conflict over water-sharing and use can occur. The map clearly depicts such areas including central Asia, the Middle East (especially Syria and Iraq), India a...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
A World of Salt
Global water type by percentage. Estimates of global water resources based on several different calculation methods have produced varied estimates. Shiklomanov in Gleick (1993) estimated that: - The total volume of wat...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Africa’s rivers and lake basins cross many borders
The below shows the locations of 13 major river basins in Africa.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), 2007
The contribution of climate change to declining water availability
The real concern for the future, in the context of changing patterns of rainfall, is the decrease of run-off water which may put at risk large areas of arable land. The map shows how seriously this issue must be taken, w...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
Coastal populations and shoreline degradation
Unsurprisingly, the coastal areas with the greatest population densities are also those with the most shoreline degradation. The areas surrounding the Black Sea, the Mediterranean and southern Asia have the highest prop...
01 Oct 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Planet index 2007 for marine species population
The Marine Species Population Index provides an assessment of the average changeover time in the populations of 217 species of marine mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. The index represents the average value of six regi...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Fish protein world consumption
Consumption of proteins from fish in % of total consumption of animal protein.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Coral reefs at risks
There are two distinct regions in which coral reefs are primarily distributed: the Wider Caribbean (Atlantic Ocean) and the Indo-Pacific (from East Africa and the Red Sea to the Central Pacific Ocean). - The diversity o...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
The coming water scarcity in Africa
In a few years from now, almost all sub-Saharan countries will be below the level at which water supply is enough for all. Even worse, most of them will be in a state of water-stress or scarcity.
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Biological oxygen demand - BOD: 1976-2008
The availability of oxygen is one of the most important indicators of the condition of a water body, because dissolved oxygen, or DO, (the amount of oxygen dissolved in water) is necessary for most aquatic organisms, inc...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Trends in capture fisheries and aquaculture
The levelling off of the global fisheries catch reflects a growing decline in most major fishing areas. Today, these fishing areas are producing lower yields than in the past, and it is unlikely that substantial increase...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Suspended sediment discharge
Asia exhibits the largest runoff volumes and, therefore, the highest levels of sediment discharge. Due to their high precipitation, the Oceanic Islands have disproportionately high-suspended sediment loads (Gleick, 1993)...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), 2008
Renewable surface water produced internally
It is difficult to determine the amount of renewable water produced internally from the total renewable water resources (external and internal). However the FAO gives a rather precise definition of this indicator. Intern...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Impact of sea level rise in Bangladesh
Impact of sea level rise in Bangladesh. three maps in a time relapse resulting in 18 million people affected, 22,000 km2 of land submerged by flooding.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
Trends in global water use by sector
The greyband represents in the difference between the amount of water extracted and that actually consumed. Water may be extracted, used, recycled (or returned to rivers or aquifers) and reused several times over. Consum...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Main world’s river basins
Reservoirs are artificial lakes, produced by constructing physical barriers across flowing rivers, which allow the water to pool and be used for various purposes. The volume of water stored in reservoirs worldwide is est...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
Excessive withdrawal of renewable water resources
The countries known to be experiencing stress or scarcity of water per capita are roughly those which are excessively using their renewable water resources (North Africa, Middle-East and central Asia including Afghanista...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Freshwater resources: volume by continent
Glaciers and ice caps cover about 10% of the world’s landmass. These are concentrated in Greenland and Antarctica and contain 70% of the world’s freshwater. Unfortunately, most of these resources are located far from hum...
01 Oct 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
When the city harms its own water resources
In areas where surface water is not readily available (located far from areas of need), groundwater is the primary water source. Groundwater aquifers supply an estimated 20% of the global population living in arid and se...
01 Oct 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
The WWF living planet index for freshwater
'The over-exploitation and mismanagement of fisheries, particularly when combined with other man-made stresses, can lead to the collapse of regional fish faunas. In many countries, aquaculture is rapidly increasing in re...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Damming the world
The construction of large dams - defined as those with walls at least 15 metres high - has increased significantly over the past 50 years. The average height of new dams, estimated at 30-34 m from 1940-1990, increased to...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Estimated Residence time of water resources
Estimated Residence time of water resources
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
Who will not reach the water and sanitation millennium development goal?
Graphic captioning the time at which Waste water will become suitable levels of consumption.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Transboundary water governance - averting conflict
Most governments recognize that violence over water is seldom strategically workable or economically viable and the most hostile enemies have a capacity for cooperation where water is concerned. The institutions that the...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters
This graphic illustrates the strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonally oxygen-depleted waters. There is a strong link between areas with high densities of industrial ac...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, (Le Monde diplomatique) February 2008
Total population: access to an improved water source
The 2004 global image sadly shows that the lack of access to clean water remains a burden for the poorest countries, preventing them accelerating their development. Essentially handicapping most sub-Saharan African count...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Marine species diversity
Limited information is available on species diversity and the condition of coastal and marine ecosystems (Burke et al., 2001). There is growing evidence that many marine species are less widely distributed, and therefore...
26 Jan 2009 - by World Resource Institute (WRI), Washington Dc, 1998, based on data from UNEP-WCMC.
Impact of sea level rise on the Nile delta
Impact of sea level rise on the Nile delta. Sea level elevation model used to produce impact of nile delta sea level rise.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, Otto Simonett - February 2008
Lake Chad: almost gone
Straddling the borders of Chad, Niger and Cameroon in West Africa, Lake Chad has been a source of freshwater for irrigation projects in each of these countries. Maps drawn from a series of satellite images show a dramati...
06 Nov 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Global waterstress and scarcity
Water scarcity occurs when the amount of water withdrawn from lakes, rivers or groundwater is so great that water supplies are no longer adequate to satisfy all human or ecosystem requirements, resulting in increased com...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
Runoff-Typewriter
Graphics captions water run off annually water per continent. Run off is scaled km cubed per year.
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, February 2008
Production mondiale annuelle de biocarburants
La production de biodiesel et d’éthanol a augmenté sensiblement au cours des dernières années
08 Jun 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal