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Fisheries zones etc
Fisheries zones etc
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nordområdena, from the North
Nordområdena, from the North
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fisheries zones etc
Fisheries zones etc
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nordområdena, from the North
Nordområdena, from the North
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected changes in Arctic pack ice
The averages of the scenarios in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) for the Arctic pack ice sheet (the permanent ice) are presented in this map, with the successive decrease in the ice up to 2090.
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic, topography and bathymetry
The Arctic is extremely diverse in terms of landscapes, varying from pack and drift ice to rugged shores, flat coastal plains, rolling hills and mountains surpassing 6000 metres above sea level (Denali, 6,194 m asl, in s...
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Norway, oil fields
Norway, oil fields
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Open/closed areas for oil activities
Open/closed areas for oil activities
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected changes in Arctic pack ice
The averages of the scenarios in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) for the Arctic pack ice sheet (the permanent ice) are presented in this map, with the successive decrease in the ice up to 2090.
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
Pipelines in the Barents Sea region
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fieldstatus
Fieldstatus
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Norway, oil fields
Norway, oil fields
18 Aug 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic, topography and bathymetry
The Arctic is extremely diverse in terms of landscapes, varying from pack and drift ice to rugged shores, flat coastal plains, rolling hills and mountains surpassing 6000 metres above sea level (Denali, 6,194 m asl, in s...
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cabins change 1983 - 2003
Cabins change 1983 - 2003
28 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Density of cabins in Norway, 2003
Density of cabins in Norway, 2003
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cabins along the Southern coast of Norway
Cabins along the Southern coast of Norway
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Average density of cabins per area in Norwegian fylker, 2003
Average density of cabins per area in Norwegian fylker, 2003
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Multinational networks and the exploitment of natural resources in developing countries
A generalized diagram of how multinational networks exploit and natural resources in developing countries through numerous temporary subsidiaries and the use of corruption and security firms to ensure rapid exploitation ...
22 Jan 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Indonesian exports of forest products
Exports of wood products from Indonesia, with final destinations such as China, Japan and North America. Almost three quarters of the wood end in destinations in Asia. In the black market, with illegal timber, the produc...
01 Nov 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Current and future threats from illegal logging and mining in national parks in Indonesia
The management and enforcement of the protection regime in Indonesia is insufficient, and illegal activities - such as logging and mining, is rampant. The RAPPAM methodology, developed by WWF, has been used to assess the...
01 Nov 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Routes for exports of illegally logged ramin timber in Indonesia
Ramin, Gonystylus sp., is a group of tropical hardwood species in South East Asia, listed as vulnerable on the IUCN red list, and the trade of the timber is regulated under CITES. Illegal logging of these species is comm...
22 Jan 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Extent of deforestation in Borneo 1950-2005, and projection towards 2020
The tropical lowland and highland forests of Borneo, including vast expanses of rainforest, have decreased rapidly after the end of the second world war. Forests are burned, logged and clear, and commonly replaced with a...
01 Nov 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Orangutan distribution on Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
The distribution of Orangutan on Borneo is rapidly decreasing, as mankind is reducing the available habitat for the apes. The loss of forest, through logging, clearing and burning, means reduced opportunities for hiding ...
22 Jan 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and security priority areas in Eastern Europe
Environmental problems often compound external security tensions and worsen internal security challenges in Eastern Europe. Of particular concern are environmental hazards concentrated along national borders (including t...
29 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population evolution
The populations of Ukraine and Belarus will shrink significantly, with Ukraine expected to lose 9 to 15 million people over the next 50 years (see population figure). Outgoing labour migration makes the situation even wo...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy resources, production and transportation
Energy is vital for the internal and external security of all three countries (see figure). A secure, affordable domestic energy supply is critical to economic development, particularly in energy hungry industrial sector...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and security issues in Ukraine
Compared to its neighbours, Ukraine has a very low Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) (ranking 108 out of 146 countries; Esty et al. 2005). This is primarily due to the high energy and pollution-intensity of its in...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gross National Income (GNI): Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
Though expanding, the region’s economies still lag behind most of their neighbours, with Moldova one of the poorest European countries in terms of per capita GDP. All the countries suffered economic decline in the 1990s ...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The continental scale of the Chernobyl accident
The accident involving reactor meltdown and massive release of radioactivity occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant situated seven kilometres south of the Ukraine- Belarus border, at the confluenc...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy - environment - security interactions
Recently energy demand in the region has reached and surpassed the 1991 level at the same time as the world oil prices have increased dramatically. Russia, for its part, has started a reappraisal of the political and eco...
07 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and security issues in Moldova
Since water resources are of particular importance to Moldova, water pollution is viewed as a nationally significant threat. Moldova does not have large lakes, and all its larger rivers originate outside its borders. the...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Peoples of Eastern Europe
Despite common borders and many similarities, the three countries of Eastern Europe do not constitute a region in the sense of political community. Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine have not yet developed visible capacity and...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and security issues in Belarus and Ukraine
The Concept of National Security of Belarus focuses on both external and internal security issues. It directly refers to environmental problems such as global climate change, trans-boundary transport of pollution and the...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Eastern Europe through history
The region’s borderline position has determined its many specific features. Neighbouring cultures deeply penetrated and influenced Eastern European societies, shaping contrasting developmental orientations. Eastern Europ...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: forest cover
There is not a lot of forest coverage in the area. Most of the region consists of plain and lowland, wooded as in Belarus and northern Ukraine, or open steppe as elsewhere. Forests are concentrated in the relatively smal...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine: topography
Eastern Europe extends from the northern shore of the Black Sea in Ukraine up to the Baltic Sea basin in Belarus. It covers 845,000 square kilometers and is home to almost 60 million people. These nations share common bo...
29 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Political patterns and communication axes: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine are positioned between an enlarging European Union and a historically influential Russia. The area’s unique position and history have played a large part in the overlapping of environmental a...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water basins of Eastern Europe
The region’s eastern boundary roughly corresponds to the Dnieper watershed, and its western and south-western boundaries are loosely defined by the Z. Bug, Prut and Danube rivers as well as by the Carpathian Mountains. R...
01 Nov 2007 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Abkhazia - environmental headlines (topographic and political map)
Abkhazia - environmental headlines (topographic and political map). The basemap is complemented with textual information on 'environmental headlines' which are the preliminary results of a desk assessment conducted by GR...
01 Nov 2008 - by Matthias Beilstein and Otto Simonett
South Ossetia - environmental headlines (topographic and political map)
South Ossetia - environmental headlines (topographic and political map. The basemap is complemented with textual information on 'environmental headlines'which are the preliminary results of a desk assessment conducted by...
01 Nov 2008 - by Matthias Beilstein and Otto Simonett
research_antarcticflag_nb
About research_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
research_greenland_nb
About research_greenland_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
base_climograph_nb
About base_climograph_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
research_arcticflag_nb
About research_arcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
base_population_nb
About base_population_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
peoples_shipping_nb
About peoples_shipping_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
ozonehole_nb
About ozonehole_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_arcticflag_nb
About climate_arcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
base_daylight_nb
About base_daylight_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
bio_antarcticflag_nb
About bio_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
peoples_language_nb
About peoples_language_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_timeline_nb
About climate_timeline_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_recentwarming_nb
About climate_recentwarming_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_antarcticflag_nb
About climate_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
peoples_arcticflag_nb
About peoples_arcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
peoples_antarcticflag_nb
About peoples_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
peoples_tourism_nb
About peoples_tourism_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_arcticice_nb
About climate_arcticice_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
climate_feedback_nb
About climate_feedback_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 08
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 20
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biofuel production
Thousand million litres per year
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Varying contribution to climate change
Share of transport-related greenhouse gas emissions
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Two scenarios for biofuels by 2030
Biodiesel is produced from oil, which can be sourced from oil seed crops such as rapeseed, soy bean, sunflower or jatropha and from waste oil such as cooking oil. Water and other contaminants are removed from the oil and...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 17
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nuclear energy is not a clean alternative The legacy of the Soviet Union's nuclear activities
Even though the nuclear industry does not significantly contribute to greenhouse gas emissions, it is a disputable alternative to fossil fuels. In the former USSR people and the environment still have to cope with the ...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 14
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Political choices
About political choices, National / International scale, Local / City scale
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate change global processes and effects
Greenhouse gases emissions, HUMAN ACTIVITIES, CLIMATE CHANGE PROCESSES, MAIN CLIMATE FEATURES, MAJOR THREATS.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The boom in air travel
Number of air transport passengers per year (millions)
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Meat imports in 2005
Meat imports in 2005 & Meat consumption
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 04
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
table02
About table02
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World Greenhouse gas emissions by sector
All data is for 2000. All calculations are based on CO2 equivalents, using 100-year global warming potentials from the IPCC (1996), based on a total global estimate of 41 755 MtCO2 equivalent. Land use change includes b...
05 Jan 2009 - by WRI/Tim Herzog
Top 20 greenhouse gas emitters (including land use change and forestry)
The following gases are taken into account: CO2 - Carbon dioxide CH4 - Methane N2O - Nitrous oxide PFCs - Perfluorocarbons HFCs - Hydrofluorocarbons SF6 - Sulphur hexafluoride
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Animal proteins: the good, the bad and the ugly
Kilograms of CO2 equivalents per 100 kilocalories of product
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Accounting units
A table about Accounting units
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Copenhagen, paradise for cyclists
In Copenhagen 36 per cent of the city's inhabitants cycle to work, using a network of more than 330 kilometres of cycle tracks and travelling at an average speed of 15 kph.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 05
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Dirty coal is here to stay
Coal producers are already taking advantage of the oil shortage and might even more in the future. In 2004 43 % of the electricity produced in the world came from coal.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 03
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
German transportation means
(in pink, the average German rates used here). Better results can be obtained for metro, tram and train if more people are using them (better network and schedules, accessibility, affordability and competitiveness compar...
03 Oct 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Urban density and transport-related energy consumption
Transport-related energy consumption Gigajoules per capita per year, Urban density Inhabitants per hectare
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions from agriculture
Average emissions Thousand million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
All actors towards a climate neutral society
About All actors towards a climate neutral society
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Same comfort level, same needs, different choices
In this example, C02 emitted each day by two persons living in Munich are detailed, showing two different ways of fulfilling the same needs: 38 kg of C02 emitted by an average consumer versus 14 kg by a more aware one.
03 Oct 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Europe’s “Dirty Thirty”
WWF Ranking of the 30 dirtiest power plants in Europe Please note: *These are not the most emitting power plants but the least efficient ones. *This ranking only compares plants located in the European Union (25 cou...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
How much is emitted by ships?
Million tons of CO2, How much is emitted by ships?
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 09
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Carbon inventory
Carbon stored by forests graphic, Distribution of carbon inventory graphic and Carbon inventory up to 2100.
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 16
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emission Calculators
Table explaining Emission Calculators
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 06
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Life cycle emissions of a computer
“Manufacturing computers is materials-intensive; the total fossil fuels used to make one desktop computer weigh over 240 kilograms, some ten times the weight of the computer itself. This is very high compared to many oth...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions Assessment
Direct measurements of greenhouse gases emissions are not possible. Assessments are therefore using precise theoretical calculations for each sectors. They are called “emission factors” and are regularly updated. Tryi...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy cost of various construction materials
CO2 emissions are not directly deducible from energy costs. Concrete for instance is a very CO2-intensive material due to the emissions from chemical processes involved in its production, despite the relatively low energ...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 19
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Examples of GHG emission amounts 18
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal