HomeAboutActivitiesMapsPhotosPublicationsNews
 
Home >> Recent

Recent

Markets competing for Caspian oil and gas Markets competing for Caspian oil and gas
For many years, coastal navigation has connected republics in the former Soviet Union. It used the only outlet from the Caspian, the Volga-Don canal, which connects the Black Sea and the Russian canal system to the Baltic. It is still used to transport raw materials, timber, coal, grain, fertilisers, and other products. However, the oil boom has changed the way the Caspian Sea is used as a transport route. In the absence of an agreement...
07 Mar 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
3
Human Development Index (HDI) composition for the Caspian countries compared with Norway (ranked first in 2007) Human Development Index (HDI) composition for the Caspian countries compared with Norway (ranked first in 2007)
The characteristic feature in all four post-Soviet countries is a relatively high level of education in relation to national income and rather low life expectancy, indicating high levels of poverty and deficient healthcare. In contrast the level for all three indicators in Iran is fairly balanced.
05 Mar 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
3
Gross National Income (GNI) in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per capita Gross National Income (GNI) in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per capita
Purchasing power parity (PPP) measures how much a currency can buy in terms of an international benchmark (usually dollars), since the cost of goods and services differs between countries. PPP is below the value of a US dollar in countries where the general price index is lower than in the US (as is the case for all five Caspian states, to varying extents), and above it where the prices are higher. A dollar thus buys much more in the Caspian coun...
01 Oct 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
3
Share of food in total household expenses Share of food in total household expenses
In the 1990s following the collapse of the Soviet regime and massive market deregulation, the breakdown of total household expenditure radically changed. Its focus shifted towards basic human needs, such as food, for which spending increased two or threefold in 10 years, reducing funds available for other essentials such as education and health.
05 Mar 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
3
Caspian basin Caspian basin
The Caspian Sea runs north and south, extending over 1 200 kilometres, with an average width of 320 kilometres, with 7 000 km coastline. It covers approximately 400 000 square kilometres (an area slightly larger than Germany). The population of the region is about 14 million, distributed over the coastal provinces of five countries: 6.5 million in Iran,3.9 million in Russia, 2.2 million in Azerbaijan, 0.8 million in Kazakhstan and 0.4 million ...
05 Mar 2012 - by IEVA RUCEVSKA AND PHILIPPE REKACEWICZ
3
00-urbanisation-growt-envsec 00-urbanisation-growt-envsec
01 Mar 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
00-protected-areas-03-new 00-protected-areas-03-new
01 Mar 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
North Caspian giant oilfields North Caspian giant oilfields
The giant Kashagan offshore field was discovered in July 2000, 80 kilometres south of Atyrau. It is the largest Caspian offshore field and one of the largest fields discovered anywhere in the world in the past 30 years. Named after a prominent 19th century Kazakh poet, it covers an area 75 kilometres long and 45 wide. The Kashagan field was formed 350 million years ago in shallow warm sea conditions, lying below salt fields at a depth of ...
07 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
4
00-illegal-sturgeon-new 00-illegal-sturgeon-new
01 Mar 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
00-endangered-species 00-endangered-species
01 Mar 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Coastal vulnerability and climate-related impacts Coastal vulnerability and climate-related impacts
No data.
01 Feb 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Population growth in Sub-Saharan and Central Africa and Population density projection in Congo Basin Population growth in Sub-Saharan and Central Africa and Population density projection in Congo Basin
As populations are rapidly rising in the Greater Congo Basin, so is the pressure on great ape habitat, and even more, the numbers killed relative to the gorilla populations to supply bushmeat.
01 Feb 2010 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development
Figure 27: Loss of biodiversity with continued agricultural expansion, pollution, climate change and infrastructure development. (Source: GLOBIO; Alkemade et al., 2009).
01 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Protected areas and transboundary cooperation in Congo Basin countries Protected areas and transboundary cooperation in Congo Basin countries
Trans-boundary collaboration in parks in the greater Congo Basin.
01 Feb 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Small scale bioenergy applications - impacts on livelihood Small scale bioenergy applications - impacts on livelihood
Energy access is a primer for any type economic development. Nowhere is energy access a greater challenge than in areas and regions where the population lives in poverty. As illustrated, bioenergy can deliver considerable positive social impacts to these communities. Small-scale bioenergy applications, such as generators fuelled by biofuels, can power many technologies which increase productivity and output, including water pumps to irrigate cro...
29 Feb 2012 - by Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
4
World bioenergy technical potential in 2050 World bioenergy technical potential in 2050
Studies indicate that global bioenergy use is approximately 10 percent of the global energy mix, with a growth rate of 1.3 percent per year. Future projections for the supply of bioenergy are shown in the figure. The analysis is based on four scenarios for environmental targets, based on technical potentials that differ depending on agricultural efficiency, production systems, technology and water supplies. The scenarios span a wide range of gl...
01 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Energy costs in Bot Trang village, Cambodia Energy costs in Bot Trang village, Cambodia
Over the past few years a small energy revolution has taken place in the village of Bot Trang in northwest Cambodia. Bot Trang is not on Cambodia’s national grid: in the old days Mr. Tham Bun Hak, a local farmer, would supply 80 households in the village with electricity from his diesel fired generator – but now it’s all run on jatropha. With the assistance of local NGOs and public partnerships, Mr. Tham developed a jatropha project that has made...
29 Feb 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries
Gains and losses in forest area vary globally, and the impact divers greatly between the various crops used for biofuels. Forest-cover is enhanced through aorestation or by natural expansion, and reduced either by deforestation or natural disasters which may prevent forest from naturally regenerating itself. Forest degeneration is often caused by overexploitation of forest areas by humans, pests, disease or recurrent forest fires. Generally,...
01 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Additional people at risk of hunger in 2020 Additional people at risk of hunger in 2020
Biofuels have been criticised for causing food insecurity, but many other factors often play a far more significant role than biofuels. But rapid, largescale growth in biofuel production without sufficient safeguards does pose a risk for food security. This risk needs to be seen in the context of population growth, changing diets, slowing crop-yield improvements,and climate-change impacts on agriculture. While much has been said about the risk...
01 Mar 2012 - by Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
4
Impacts of first-generation biofuels on agricultural prices Impacts of first-generation biofuels on agricultural prices
This figure outlines possible scenarios for the impact of biofuels on agricultural prices and food security. Although there are several factors that affect agricultural prices, including seasonal variation, market speculation,and extreme weather patterns, some biofuel development scenarios indicate a relationship between agricultural prices and biofuel production. Here, the scenario projects that the largest price increase will be for cerea...
29 Feb 2012 - by Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
3