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Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompa...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in natural disasters
With growing population and infrastructures the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing. This is particularly true as the strongest population growth is located in coastal areas (with greater exposur...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives)
The planet is scattered with hazardous or explosive leftovers from a succession of technical breakthroughs – be they military or industrial – just waiting to be washed away by a flood or mudslide or carried off by a hurr...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin
On 30 January 2000 a tailings dam at the Aurul Mine in Romania overflowed and released 100,000 cubic metres of effluent containing cyanide into the Tisza River. By the time the overflow was detected, the alarm raised and...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Crushed by war - world conflicts
For people in countries at war or subject to economic embargos many goods are scarce, food and water constituting the most crucial shortages. But they also have to deal regularly with death and injury. In such countries ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tropical cyclone frequency
Tropical cyclones, or hurricanes or typhoons, are storm weather systems, characterised by a low pressure centre, thunderstorms and high windspeeds. As the name testifies, these occur in the areas between the tropics, in ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water management in Central Asia: state and impact
The graphic shows the effects of the shrinking of the Aral sea, and related issues, on both population migration, and environmental impacts in other areas. It also shows other water problems that could lead to tensions a...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-1991
This graphic shows life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-91 in Europe and former USSR. The graphic clearly shows the extended life expectancy at birth from 1987-1991, compared to the life expectancy at birth in 1980.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infect...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Protected areas and conservation hotspots in Albania
The graphic shows the protected areas of Albania, the proposed areas for protection and areas with endangered species. Albania is well known for its high diversity of ecosystems and habitats. Within its territory there a...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Bor river/Timok river Watershed
The graphic shows the watershed area of the Bor and Timok rivers, and the areas potentially affected by pollution.The southeast Serbian municipality of Bor is paying a high price for the century-old industrial exploitati...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population groups in Central Asia
The graph shows the various populations groups in Central Asia. It covers Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, all of which have two or more official languages. Uralic Altaic and Indo-European...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer [Russian]
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infect...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins
Overview over the transboundary Daugava/Zapadnaya Dvina and Nemunas/Neman river basins in North Eastern Europe. These basins span the countries of Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Poland, and the rivers drain to th...
01 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population displacements 1991 to 2001
All the states that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia are still fragile, except Slovenia, which joined the EU in 2004, and Croatia, which is well on the way towards European integration. Since the Dayton Peace Agre...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Russia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ukraine emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Luxembourg emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Portugal emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Australia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projection
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
UK emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nile Delta: Potential Impact of Sea Level Rise
The potential impacts of sea level rise on the Nile Delta are expected to include a decline in water quality that would affect freshwater fish, the flooding of agricultural land and damage to infrastructure. This graphic...
12 Feb 2006 - by Otto Simonett, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Germany emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global average temperature 1880 - 2100
The graph shows the average global temperature from 1880 to 2100. It shows that the average global temperature has slowly increased since 1880 and is estimated to increase noticably over the course of the next hundred ye...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ireland emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Norway emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
USA emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Finland emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Belgium emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Italy emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
New Zealand emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global and selected annex 1 countries emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) in projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greece emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projection of global average temperatures
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Spain emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Iceland emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Denmark emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Czech Republic emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Netherlands emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hungary emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in the ice-breaking date in the Tornio river, Finland
The icebreaking date for the Tornio River in Finland has been recorded since 1693. With the increased greenhouse effect, impacts on the cryosphere are likely. One impact will be less ice on rivers and lakes. Freeze-up da...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Slovak Republic emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
France emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sweden emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Bulgaria emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Potential impact of sea-level rise on Bangladesh
Bangladesh, one of the world's poorest nations is also the country most vulnerable to sea-level rise. The population is already severely affected by storm surges. Catastrophic events in the past have caused damage up to...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Latvia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Canada emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Impact of Temperature Rise on Robusta Coffee in Uganda
Developing countries, whose economies often rely heavily on one or two agricultural products, are especially vulnerable to climate change. This graphic shows that with an increase of only 2 degrees Celsius, there would b...
12 Feb 2006 - by Otto Simonett, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Switzerland Emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Poland emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 concentration in the atmosphere (1959-1998)
CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere have been measured at an altitude of about 4,000 meters on the peak of Mauna Loa mountain in Hawaii since 1958. The measurements at this location, remote from local sources of polluti...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Japan emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Estonia emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) 1990 and 2010 projections
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nutrition in Central Asia [Russian]
In the year 2000 the Aral Sea region did not have properly balanced nutitional elements in food production and the supply was lower than demand. For the year 2020 the demand is predicted to grow and without preventing ma...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Development in Central Asia [Russian]
The predictive models for population growth and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Aral Sea region shows there maybe some stabilization between the two and possibly some positive implications for the region. In Russian.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Health in Central Asia [Russian]
Central Asia has a very high infant mortality rate and many other major health problems. This graphic shows some of the main causes of death as well as infant mortality and life expectancy rates for the region. In Russia...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nutrition in Central Asia
In the year 2000 the Aral Sea region did not have properly balanced nutitional elements in food production and the supply was lower than demand. For the year 2020 the demand is predicted to grow and without preventing ma...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Can the Aral Sea produce enough food?
The Aral Sea is facing a challenge in producing enough food for the surrounding area. In all predictive models of climate change rate the region will be in for hard times when it comes to producing food by the year 2020.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Economy in the Central Asia
The economy of the various countries within the Aral Sea region sometimes greatly differ in inflation, debt and GDP. This is a report on the economies of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Can the Aral Sea produce enough food? [Russian]
The Aral Sea is facing a challenge in producing enough food for the surrounding area. In all predictive models of climate change rate the region will be in for hard times when it comes to producing food by the year 2020....
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Poverty in Central Asia [Russian]
More than forty percent of central asians live below the poverty line and in Tajikistan it is above eighty percent. Also indicated in this slide is the low income equality index results for Central Asia. In Russian.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources and demand in the Aral Sea region
The regulation and access to a shared and limited water resource ca be highly influenced by the political geography. The Aral Sea is shrinking at an alarming rate and the amount of consumption of water in the Aral Sea Ba...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Economy in the Central Asia [Russian]
The economy of the various countries within the Aral Sea region sometimes greatly differ in inflation, debt and GDP. This is a report on the economies of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Poverty in Central Asia
More than forty percent of central asians live below the poverty line and in Tajikistan it is above eighty percent. Also indicated in this slide is the low income equality index results for Central Asia.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment in Central Asia [Russian]
There are 25 billion tonnes of waste just from mining and metal production in Central Asia. The most effected areas are highlighted based on a variety of different types of environmental damage such as desertification an...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Aral Sea: Chances of Survival [Russian]
The Aral Sea is shrinking at an alarming rate and the amount of consumption of water in the Aral Sea Basin has greatly affected current conditions. This shows predicted models of water problems in the Aral Sea. In Russia...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water resources and demand in the Aral Sea region [Russian]
The regulation and access to a shared and limited water resource ca be highly influenced by the political geography. The Aral Sea is shrinking at an alarming rate and the amount of consumption of water in the Aral Sea Ba...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Development in Central Asia
The predictive models for population growth and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Aral Sea region shows there maybe some stabilization between the two and possibly some positive implications for the region.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cultivated Land in Aral Sea Region [Russian]
Between 1990 and 2000 the area of cultivated land per capita in the Aral Sea region has dramatically reduced. The predictive models to the year 2020 show the increase demand in irrigation of the region. In Russian.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cultivated Land in Aral Sea Region
Between 1990 and 2000 the area of cultivated land per capita in the Aral Sea region has dramatically reduced. The predictive models to the year 2020 show the increase demand in irrigation of the region.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy consumption in Central Asia [Russian]
Industry in Central Asia consumes two hundred to three hundred more energy than in Western Europe. The levels of productivity based on consumption of electricity and gross domestic product is noticeably lower in Central ...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Aral Sea: Chances of Survival
The Aral Sea is shrinking at an alarming rate and the amount of consumption of water in the Aral Sea Basin has greatly affected current conditions. This shows predicted models of water problems in the Aral Sea.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biodiveristy in Central Asia [Russian]
Caspian and Balkhash endemic species are under threat of extinction. It is estimated that ten percent of total area needs to be protected in order to sustain development and the countries of the region are seriously behi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment in Central Asia
There are 25 billion tonnes of waste just from mining and metal production in Central Asia. The most effected areas are highlighted based on a variety of different types of environmental damage such as desertification an...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy consumption in Central Asia
Industry in Central Asia consumes two hundred to three hundred more energy than in Western Europe. The levels of productivity based on consumption of electricity and gross domestic product is noticeably lower in Central ...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Health in Central Asia
Central Asia has a very high infant mortality rate and many other major health problems. This graphic shows some of the main causes of death as well as infant mortality and life expectancy rates for the region.
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks
The Environment and Security consultations in Ashgabat in 2003 pinpointed the Ferghana valley as an area of significant concern in Central Asia (UNEP, UNDP, OSCE 2003) The graphic shows the priority geographic areas and ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and Security priority areas in the Ferghana Valley
The graphic shows an outline of the areas within the Ferghana Valley which are subjects to disputes over water resources and borders, disputes between private and collective farmers, deforestation and overuse of pasture....
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov and Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate change and natural disaster impacts in the Ferghana Valley
Central Asia is a disaster-prone area, exposed to various natural hazards such as floods, droughts, avalanches, rockslide and earthquakes. It is also vulnerable to man-made disasters related to industrial activity and th...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Causual pathway of conflict over resources
For violence to occur there should be someone able to extract economic profit from the situation. Access to specific natural resources is a factor that can motivate actors to use violence as means of control (diamonds, o...
16 Mar 2006 - by Luigi de Martino and Viktor Novikov
Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia
The Soviet development model for Central Asia was based on building large-scale irrigation schemes enabling the region to become a major cotton producer and expanding the mining and processing industry. Industrial operat...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Land issues in the Ferghana valley
The high demographic pressure on limited land resources coincides with a lack of jobs and economic prospects especially in marginalized areas but increasingly in the irrigated areas of Uzbekistan. These factors are trigg...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Oblasts in the Ferghana Valley area
One important outcome of the ENVSEC consultations in Osh in 2004 has been the re- establishment of communication between environmental authorities from the oblasts of the three countries constituting the Ferghana Valley....
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Hazardous industrial waste in Kadamjai
The Kadamjai antimony plant in southern Kyrgyzstan stands close to the Uzbek border and the town of the same name. The plant annually consumes 20 000 tones of ore. Ore waste dumps are exposed to erosion by rain and wind ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population density in the Ferghana Valley province
Given the importance of agriculture for the whole Ferghana basin, natural resources such as land and water have historically been amongst the most important factor in this regions development. The size of the population ...
31 Oct 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population trends for Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
Output by the Central Asian economies dropped sharply after independence with subsequent fall in living conditions. Poverty is widespread, especially in rural areas. Communal services have broken down in many areas, stra...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Radioactive waste in Taboshar
The Taboshar uranium mining site stands on the southern edge of the Kuramin Mountains close the Uzbek - Tajik border. The site consists of a non - rehabilitated open mine, dismantled production buildings, and three taili...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Rising water levels in the Spitamen district (Tajikistan)
Sudden releases of water into the Spitamen district from Kyrgyzstan are regularly endangering the neighboring Tajik arable land downstream and villages along the river. The Tajik communities are convinced upstream Kyrgyz...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Metal production in the South Kyrgyz mines of the Ferghana Valley
In the soviet period the industrial operations paid little attention to environment or public health, resulting in the accumulation of pollutants in the local environment. Because of their vulnerability to natural hazard...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Walnut forest in the Jalal-Abad province (Kyrgyzstan)
The walnut forest is remnants of Central Asia Tertiary era subtropical forests. They are located primarily in the northern slopes of the Ferghana and Chatkal ranges of the Tien Shan and on the southern slopes of the Giss...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environment and Security Initiative : Today`s priorities and future challenges
The pilot phase of the initiative in 2003 assessed environmental threats in Central Asia and South –Eastern Europe, two regions where environmental concerns have clear security implications. The Southern Caucasus joined ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov and Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water withdrawal and availability in Aral Sea basin
Agriculture is a mainstay of Central Asia’s economy. With the economic crisis following independence it has become even more important. Agriculture being almost entirely dependent upon irrigation, access to water is of s...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Topography and hydrography of the Ferghana Valley
To date there are three main groups of issues that are relevant to environmental and security issues in the region. These are access to and quality if natural resources (primarily water and land but also forest and more...
03 Oct 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gross National Income (GNI) kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
The rationale of the common soviet market and economic system has disappeared, forcing Central Asian states to find their own position in the global market without the support of a redistributive economy. Their geographi...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in regional average surface temperature in the Ferghana Valley area
An important factor when looking at the region in terms of environment and security is the impact of climate change in Central Asia in general, and Ferghana Valley in particular. By modifying people’s livelihood, climate...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population distribution in the Ferghana valley
Given the importance of agriculture for the whole Ferghana basin, natural resources such as land and water have historically been amongst the most important factor in this regions development. The size of the population ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Dominique del Pietro and Diana Rizzolio
Water issues in the Ferghana Valley
Water is a basic production resource for agriculture. Competition for scarce water resources has been recognized as a potential source of international conflict. In the case of the Ferghana Valley, despite the very local...
16 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal