HomeAboutActivitiesMapsPhotosPublicationsNews
 
Home >> Recent

Recent

Orangutan range and population estimates Orangutan range and population estimates
The orangutan is the only great ape found in Asia, and historically is thought to have once ranged across Indochina. Today, two distinct species are found on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra, respectively. The Bornean orangutan is divided into three further sub-species. Sumatran orangutan The Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelli) has been listed as Critically Endangered since 2000 and its population has decreased by 80 per cent over the last 7...
11 Mar 2013 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
3
Great apes range in Africa Great apes range in Africa
There are two populations of Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): one in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in Uganda (extending into the Sarambwe Forest in DR Congo), and the second in the Virunga Volcanoes conservation area comprising the three national parks that straddle Rwanda, Uganda and eastern DR Congo. The Eastern Lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri), also known as the Grauer’s gorilla, is only found in the ...
11 Mar 2013 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
5
Great apes population estimates Great apes population estimates
All great ape species have experienced considerable declines in population size and range over the past few decades. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species lists all of the great apes as either Endangered or Critically Endangered and all great apes except the Mountain gorillas show decreasing population trends. Most notably, fewer than 300 Cross River gorillas are left in West Africa; as few as 2...
11 Mar 2013 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
3
Wood exports from Congo Basin Wood exports from Congo Basin
China is probably the largest importer of wood products of illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU, and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
5
Soy Expansion in the Brazilian Amazon frontier Soy Expansion in the Brazilian Amazon frontier
Often, small-scale farmers settle the areas along logging roads in order to burn secondary or cleared forest for crop production. These farmers are eventually pushed or bought-out by large-scale cattle ranchers or soy prodcution owners.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Annual Value of Illegal Logging Annual Value of Illegal Logging
The official value of the global wood trade has been estimated at around US $327 billion dollars (FAO, 2007; UNEP 2009). If illegal logging consists of as much as 10-30 per cent of the total logging worldwide, with some estimates as highg as 20-50 per cent when the laundering of illegal wood is included, then the value of it is at least US $30-100 billion (NCB-Rome 2008; INTERPOL/World Bank 2009).
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
5
Plantation in Indonesia: a new frontier in black wood laundering? Plantation in Indonesia: a new frontier in black wood laundering?
Much of the logging in Indonesia, takes place in association with the establishment of palm oil or other plantations. As the forest is cleared for plantations, it is common practic to cut beyond the plantation area, or to get a permit for a larger area than initially planted.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
2
Illegal Timber from the Congo Illegal Timber from the Congo
Political economic networks often provide forceful drivers for small-scale illegal logging and timber trade. Many of these networks bring together not only powerful actors from the private sector but als government officials, including the very officials responsible for enforcing logging bans, harvest regulations, and restrictions on timber trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Illegal Logging and Log Laundering Illegal Logging and Log Laundering
A key element in illegal logging schemes is the laundering of the illegal timber and other wood products. This is the primary way that illegal logs are transported, processed and exported or manufactured, thereby bypassing the majority of certification schemes and efforts to avoid illegal imports.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
4
By-passing flow of investment to illegal logging By-passing flow of investment to illegal logging
The Norwegian sovereign wealth fund is an example of a governance mechanism employed in an attempt to limit investment in companies involved in illegal logging.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Black wood dependency Black wood dependency
China is probably the largest importer of wood products with illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
6
Ten ways to conduct illegal logging Ten ways to conduct illegal logging
Illegal logging takes place in many forms, from illegal logging in protected areas or large-scale illegal logging without permits in remote areas, conflict zones and border areas, to adavanced laundering operations mixing legal with illegal logs through bribery, re-definition of forest classification, forged permits, exceeding legal concessions and clearing or laundering through plantations, biofuel production and ranching establishments.
04 Oct 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Causes of illegal logging Causes of illegal logging
There are many different causes of illegal logging. This model illustrates the causes of illegal logging in Indonesia.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
4
Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle check points and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions followin...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Illegal charcoal trade Illegal charcoal trade
Many protected areas are home to an abundance of rare wood species in high demand for panels, floors and furniture. They may also hold some of the last remaining concentrations of high density wood for charcoal.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
3
The health of our forests The health of our forests
The importance of the world's forests to global efforts to reduce carbon emissions cannot be underestimated. While living forests are vital to reducing carbon levels in our atmosphere, deforestation accounts for an estimated 17 per cent of global carbon emissions - around 1.5 times greater than those from all the world's air, road, rail and shipping traffic combined.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
4
Illegal logging bottlenecks Illegal logging bottlenecks
Illegal timber has to be aggregated and funnelled by road or river transport to a limited number of destinations domestically or for export, which creates a bottleneck in the illegal trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
4
Population density in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region (inhabitants per square kilometre) Population density in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region (inhabitants per square kilometre)
The Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region extends 3500 km over all or part of eight countries, ranging from Afghanistan in the west to Myanmar in the east. The total estimated population of the region is 210 million. The 10 river basins, including the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra which have their source in the HKH region, provide water to 1.3 billion people, a fifth of the world’s population. Rural to urban migration is one of the most widespread glo...
04 Jan 2012 - by Hugo Ahlenius, Nordpil
4
Multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for the countries in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region Multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for the countries in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region
The MPI is an index of acute multidimensional poverty. It shows the number of people who are multi-dimensionally poor. It reflects deprivations in very rudimentary services and core human functioning for people across 104 countries. Although constrained by data limitations, MPI reveals a different pattern of poverty than income poverty, as it highlights a different set of deprivations. There are many facets of poverty in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (...
02 Jul 2012 - by Hugo Ahlenius, Nordpil
2
Human development index (HDI) for the countries in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, ordered by country ranking Human development index (HDI) for the countries in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, ordered by country ranking
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development" according to three dimensions: health, education, and living standards. It provides a frame of reference for both social and economic development of a country, ranging from 0 (zero development) to 1 (highest level of development). Out of the countries found within the Himalaya Hindu Kush region, China ranks the highest on the Human De...
02 Jul 2012 - by Hugo Ahlenius, Nordpil
2