Graphics Library >> Recent

Recent

Caspian Sea - salinity
The Caspian Sea has internal drainage, which means that it does not have an outlet to the World Ocean. All water entering the sea accumulates or evaporates. The sea surface salinity in the sea exhibits a gradient, with t...
07 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population by administrative region, Caspian Sea region
Several countries and provinces – Iran, Daghestan, Turkmenistan and parts of Azerbaijan – still enjoy very high population growth rates (in excess of 10 per 1,000). Many of the population tends to gravitate towards the C...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Potential environmental hazards in the Caspian Sea Region
Oil slicks glittering on the surface of the sea and thousands of hectares of soil penetrated by oil leaking from abandoned wells are just part of the pollution that people living around the Caspian Sea must endure. In ad...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Infant mortality in Eastern Azerbaijan, 2003
Public health policies during the Soviet period eliminated several traditional diseases. But for lack of adequate investment in medical equipment and drugs in the 1970s and 1980s they failed to effectively halt a worryin...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Health expenditures, 1996-2002 - Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Iran and Kazakhstan
Decline in public expenditure on health and education, the general level of public health is either steady or actually declining. Inequality is on the rise, with the switch to a two-tier health service under which paymen...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Infant mortality in the Caspian Sea region
Even if over the last two decades, or perhaps longer, the fertility rate has dropped significantly, the authorities nevertheless have to cope with all the health, education and employment problems associated with a rapid...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Overview of legal international caviar trade, 1998-2003
Four years ago Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia agreed to restrict further export of commercial fish products. All three countries, as well as Iran, are party to the UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Sp...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Oil spill off the coast of Apsheron peninsula
Thousands of hectares of soil on Azerbaijan’s Apsheron peninsula are unsuitable for agricultural use due to oil spills. The largest of these oil spills happened in May 1996. Oil extraction is happening off shore, in the ...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kara-Bogaz-Gol, desertification while dammed 1980-1992 (Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan)
Kara-Bogaz-Gol is a lowland area that forms a highly saline bay on the east side of the Caspian Sea, in Turkmenistan. In Soviet times it was decided to set up a dam to block the flow of saline water from the bay to the C...
07 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total trade in sturgeon caviar, 1999-2003
The caviar trade reportedly fell by about 70% between 1999 and 2003 but there is still every reason to monitor development of the sturgeon population and keep it on the list of endangered species. However it is not clear...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Overview of renewable energy sources
This chart shows eight different sources of renewable energy and explains advantages and drawbacks of each - wind, sun (photovoltaic and thermal), geothermal, wood, ocean, waste, water (hydroelectricity).
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Emissions and energy scenarios by source
Despite the Kyoto protocol and increased concern over the consequences of climate change, world wide emissions of CO2 continues to grow. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) world total CO2 emissions will i...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Precipitation changes: trends over land from 1900 to 2000
Precipitation has very likely increased during the 20th century by 5 to 10% over most mid- and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere continents, but in contrast, rainfall has likely decreased by 3% on average over mu...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, projected 2010 target status
According to the projections each country has sent to the UNFCCC Secretariat, 14 countries will reach their targets in 2010. Some of the countries that had reached their targets in 2002 will increase their emissions betw...
17 May 2005 - by Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, 2002 target status
Target reached in 2002, but the emissions are increasing again. By the end of 2005, countries that are obliged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions shall report on their progress towards reaching the emission targets...
17 May 2005 - by Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 emissions from consumption and flaring of fossil fuels
A line graph showing the progress of CO2 emissions created from consumption and flaring of fossil fuels from 1980 to 2002. Indicates that Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union is the only region to have a reduction. Em...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Climate change vulnerability in Africa
Multiple stresses make most of Africa highly vulnerable to environmental changes, and climate change is likely to increase this vulnerability. This graphic shows which of the regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa,...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, Revised by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Past and future CO2 concentrations
Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases has grown significantly. Carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration has increased by about 31%, methane concentration by about 150%, and nitrous oxide...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Current and past radiative forcing, from human and natural causes
The radiative forcing from the increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gases since the pre-industrial era is positive (warming) with a small uncertainty range; that from the direct effects of aerosols is negative (cooling) ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompa...
17 May 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sea level change: estimations and predictions
This resource includes four graphics that explain sea level change, an expected consequence of climate change. The first graphic, 'Relative Sea Level Over the Past 300 Years', shows the changes in sea level rise, in metr...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Cooling factors
The amount of aerosols in the air has direct effect on the amount of solar radiation hitting the Earth's surface. Aerosols may have significant local or regional impact on temperature. Water vapour is a greenhouse gas, b...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Potential climate change impacts
If greenhouse gas concentrations keep rising, climatic changes are likely to result. Those changes will potentially have wide-ranging effects on the environment and socio-economic and related sectors, such as health, agr...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, timeline and history
The Kyoto Protocol In 1997 world leaders adopted the Kyoto Protocol requiring rich countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to 5.2% below the 1990 level, calculated as an average over the period 2008-2012. Unde...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Carbon cycle
Carbon is the basis of all organic substances, from fossil fuels to human cells. On Earth, carbon is continually on the move – cycling through living things, the land, ocean, atmosphere. What happens when humans start dr...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Greenhouse effect
Human activities are causing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere to increase. This graphic explains how solar energy is absorbed by the earth's surface, causing the earth to warm and to emit infrared radiation. The g...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Temperature trends (1976 - 2000)
Over the 20th century there has been a consistent, large-scale warming of both the land and ocean surface, with largest increases in temperature over the midand high latitudes of northern continents. This graphic shows t...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Temperature and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere over the past 400 000 years
Over the last 400,000 years the Earth's climate has been unstable, with very significant temperature changes, going from a warm climate to an ice age in as rapidly as a few decades. These rapid changes suggest that clima...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Main greenhouse gases
A table of the main greenhouse gases and their attributes, sources and concentration levels from 1998. Naturally occurring greenhouse gases include water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Greenh...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
National carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita
Shows various countries and their levels of CO2 emissions per capita. Also indicates the difference from high income to low income nations on CO2 output. Central to any study of climate change is the development of an e...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, 2002 target status
After more than 10 years of negotiations, the Kyoto Protocol finally becomes legally binding for the countries that have ratified it. The overall goal in the Protocol is a 5,2 % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions belo...
17 May 2005 - by Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate change vulnerability in Africa
Multiple stresses make most of Africa highly vulnerable to environmental changes, and climate change is likely to increase this vulnerability. This graphic shows which of the regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa,...
20 Sep 2005 - by Delphine Digout, Revised by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Reference map for Kerala State, India
Displays the location Kerala State (Keralam) on a regional map (India + neighbouring countries), as well as on the globe. Kerala is located in southwestern India, on the west coast. The capital of the state is Thiruvanan...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Climate change and malaria, scenario for 2050
With climate conditions changing in the future, due to increased concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, conditions for pests also change. The primary Malaria agent, the falciparum malaria parasite, will be a...
01 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Child Mortality and Land Degradation
This map shows the correlation between the types of level of land degredation and child mortality. In West Africa there are a higher percentage of child mortality around areas that have higher levels of land degradation.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Child Mortality and Agroclimatic Zones
This map shows the correlation between the types of agricultural zones levels of child mortality. In West Africa there are a lower levels of child mortality in the humid zones along coastal areas than the arid zones of t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Children Stunted and Land Degradation
Malnutrition in West Africa is a major concern as is environmental damage. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children of West Africa in comparison to the level of land degradation. There does not seem to be ...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Primary School Enrolment and Agroclimatic Zones
Education levels in West Africa are a major concern. This map shows the levels of primary school enrolment of children in comparison to the type of agroclimate. The more arid the zone there is a very noticeable drop in t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Primary School Enrolment and Land Degradation
Education levels in West Africa are a major concern. This map shows the levels of primary school enrolment of children in comparison to the type level of land degradation. The more land degradation there is and there bec...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Children Stunted and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have among the highest rates of malnutrition in West Africa and the world. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children in comparison to the levels of access to markets and infrastructure...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Indicators by Accessibility Index
A Series of charts of Human Development Indicators based on accessibility levels in West Africa. Data was only available for 2 countries, all situated in the more arid part of West Africa. The common-sense logic ‘ the mo...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Female Literacy and accessibility (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have an extremely high percentage of adult female literacy. This map helps demonstrate the possible correlation between the level of access to markets and infrastructures based on road quality and t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Manon Desforges, Anne Estoppey, Anila Ciba, Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, Claudia Hebrlein, Otto Simonett
Adult female literacy and agroclimatic zones
This map shows the possible relation between the agricultural zones and levels of adult female literacy. In West Africa there seems to be a higher percentage of adult female literacy in the humid zones along coastal area...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Indicators by Land Degradation
Series of Human Development Indicators based on the levels of land degradation in West Africa. They show the levels of child mortality, stunted growth, primary school enrollment and adult female literacy rates.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population Density in 1990
West Africa has one of the highest levels of poverty in the world. The purpose of the map is to communicate the relationship between rural poverty and land use potential in West Africa, in order to provide information to...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Indicators by Agroclimatic Zones
A Set of charts of the Human Development Indicators based on the agroclimatic zones of West Africa. They show the levels of child mortality, stunted growth, primary school enrollment and adult female literacy rates.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Child Mortality and Accessibility Index (Burkina Faso and Mali)
Burkina Faso and Mali have among the highest rates of child mortality in West Africa and the world. This map shows the decrease in child mortality when the levels of access to markets and infrastructure based on road qua...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Adult female literacy and land degradation in West Africa
This map shows the possible spatial relation between the types of level of land degradation and adult female literacy. In West Africa there are a higher percentage of adult female illiteracy around areas that have higher...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Children Stunted and Agroclimatic Zones
Malnutrition in West Africa is a major concern. This map shows the levels of stunted growth in children in comparison to the type of agroclimate. The more arid the zone the higher the growth in children is stunted.
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Poverty mapping study area
This map represents the study area for the poverty mapping project for West Africa for generation of reliable statistical and cartographic products to communicate the relationship between rural poverty and land use poten...
04 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2002
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tree line in the Arctic
This graphic shows the location of the arctic tree line. Boreal forest occurs only to the south of the tree line (the dark green line on the graphic). The Arctic area, as defined by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment P...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2032 (security first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario assum...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2032 (markets first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 markets first scenario. This scenario sugges...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact - Asian continent
Continental Asia is a hotspot for both biodiversity, wilderness abut also home to a majority of the World's population. The GLOBIO analysis shows that this region has seen quite significant human impacts, but with remain...
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - Africa
Africa is home to some of the greatest wilderness areas in the world, as well as some of the greatest biodiversity hotspots. The GLOBIO analysis shows that the great deserts and the Central African rain forests have huge...
27 Feb 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - West Asia
Vast areas of the West Asia region are sparsely populated, and are showing low fragmentation, but these are the unproductive desert areas, which naturally have quite low biodiversity (although there might be rare species...
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - Southeast Asia and Australia
The region, with Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia have unique flora and fauna with high biodiversity and many areas that has seen little human impact. Population pressures, especially in Indonesia, are starting to thr...
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact, year 2002 (Interrupted projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nenets Autonomous Okrug, reference map
Nenets Autonomous Okrug is an administrative region in Arctic Northwest Russia, covering some 176000 sq km of tundra and marshland. The capital city of the region is Narian-Mar. Off the coast are parts of the Arctic ocea...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL). APELL achieves its aims through community participation in emergency planning, via a structured dialogue between representatives of the source of the haz...
07 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic map, political
The Arctic is extremely diverse in terms of landscapes, varying from pack and drift ice to rugged shores, flat coastal plains, rolling hills and mountains surpassing 6000 metres above sea level (Denali, 6,194 m asl, in s...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Development of fossil fuel resources in the Arctic, 2005
Barents Sea: The 2004 lifting of an embargo on offshore hydrocarbon exploration in the Norwegian Barents has renewed activity there. Regulation of exploration is animportant political issue. Debate in 2005 focused on env...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tree line in the Arctic
This graphic shows the location of the arctic tree line. Boreal forest occurs only to the south of the tree line (the dark green line on the graphic). The Arctic area, as defined by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment P...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nenets Autonomous Okrug sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-sit...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ok Tedi mine
The Ok Tedi mine is located high in the rain forest covered Star Mountains of Papua New Guinea. Prior to 1981 the local Wopkaimin people lived a subsistence existence in one of the most isolated places on earth. That was...
07 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BedZED (Beddington Zero energy development), location
At Beddington, south of London, a housing development known as BedZED (Beddington Zero energy development) was designed from the start to produce little waste of any sort. It was built on a depolluted plot of land, previ...
07 Oct 2005 - by Cécile Marin
Arctic, topography and bathymetry (topographic map)
The Arctic represents the northermost area of the World, the Arctic Ocean and the land areas that surrounds it. The region is characterized but cold temperatures, and ice and snow. The summers are short, but with long pe...
01 Oct 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Curitiba, location
Curitiba has become world-famous for its original approach to basic municipal problems thanks to a unique mixture of innovative town planning, determined political leadership and good public relations.
07 Oct 2005 - by Cécile Marin
Baltic Sea drainage basin
This 'basemap' displays the extent of the drainage basin (the boundary for the water that ends up in the Baltic Sea), and the countries in the region. The drainage basin represents all water that drains into the sea, thr...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Reference map for Kerala State, India
Displays the location Kerala State (Keralam) on a regional map (India + neighbouring countries), as well as on the globe. Kerala is located in southwestern India, on the west coast. The capital of the state is Thiruvanan...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Kamchatka sites
Map, illustrating the communites, cities and sites from where the stories for the 'Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Management' project has been collected and are refered to in the stories. Please see the project web-sit...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Poverty mapping study area
This map represents the study area for the poverty mapping project for West Africa for generation of reliable statistical and cartographic products to communicate the relationship between rural poverty and land use poten...
07 Oct 2005 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic sea routes - Northern sea route and Northwest passage
Sea routes along the edges of the Arctic ocean, or rather along the coasts of Northern Canada and Russia, holds potential for decreasing the number of days in shipping goods from the Pacific to Atlantic coasts in Europe ...
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2002
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact - Asian continent
Continental Asia is a hotspot for both biodiversity, wilderness abut also home to a majority of the World's population. The GLOBIO analysis shows that this region has seen quite significant human impacts, but with remain...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - Africa
Africa is home to some of the greatest wilderness areas in the world, as well as some of the greatest biodiversity hotspots. The GLOBIO analysis shows that the great deserts and the Central African rain forests have huge...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human Impact - North America
Most areas of North America that have any economic significance - for agriculture, habitation or siliviculture has been converted and modifiedf for human use. Areas with lower degrees of disturbance and fragmentation are...
13 Sep 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - West Asia
Vast areas of the West Asia region are sparsely populated, and are showing low fragmentation, but these are the unproductive desert areas, which naturally have quite low biodiversity (although there might be rare species...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact - Southeast Asia and Australia
The region, with Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia have unique flora and fauna with high biodiversity and many areas that has seen little human impact. Population pressures, especially in Indonesia, are starting to thr...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human Impact on biodiversity - Latin America
Latin America has vast tracts of sparsely populated areas of high biodiversity, in the Amazon and the Andes for instance. The GLOBIO analysis shows that these areas have seen little human impact, while the coasts and the...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human Impact - Europe and the Near East
The assessment and modelling of current impact on wilderness show that there are few areas in Europe proper that have seen little human impact - it is all broken up by roads thus lowering the value of habitats primarily ...
26 Jan 2006 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
Human impact, year 2002 (Interrupted projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in t...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact: Barents region 2002
The greater region around the Barents Sea, with parts of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia, represents one of the most populated areas of the Arctic. The development of roads and other infrastructure fragments the fragi...
01 Nov 2002 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact: Barents region 2032 (sustainability first scenario)
The greater region around the Barents Sea, with parts of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia, represents one of the most populated areas of the Arctic. The development of roads and other infrastructure fragments the fragi...
01 Nov 2002 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact on the Arctic environment 2002
Human activities influence the environment and reduce the value of forests, tundra and plains in terms of original biodiversity and habitat. Primarily larger mammals are hit by the fragmentation caused by roads and pipel...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact: Barents region 2032 (policy first scenario)
The greater region around the Barents Sea, with parts of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia, represents one of the most populated areas of the Arctic. The development of roads and other infrastructure fragments the fragi...
01 Nov 2002 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact on the Arctic environment 2032 (markets first scenario)
Human activities influence the environment and reduce the value of forests, tundra and plains in terms of original biodiversity and habitat. Primarily larger mammals are hit by the fragmentation caused by roads and pipel...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Impact of human activities on reindeer habitat - Barents region
The impact of infrastructure development on reindeer potentially threatens the cultural traditions of the Barents region indigenous people and their chosen way of life. The probability of impact on wildlife, vegetation a...
26 Jan 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic development hotspots
Projects in developing extraction of fossil fuels, such as oil and natural gas are underway in several places in the Arctic - both on land and in the sea. The fuels are to be transported by both land and sea pipelines, a...
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact: Barents region 2032 (markets first scenario)
The greater region around the Barents Sea, with parts of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia, represents one of the most populated areas of the Arctic. The development of roads and other infrastructure fragments the fragi...
01 Nov 2002 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Loss of Great Ape habitat 2002-2032 (Africa)
Based on population pressures the GLOBIO2 model has assessed the current and future human impacts on Great Ape habitat in Africa (Chimpanzee, Bonobo and Gorilla). The analysis shows a vast reduction of some of the world'...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact: Barents region 2032 (security first scenario)
The greater region around the Barents Sea, with parts of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia, represents one of the most populated areas of the Arctic. The development of roads and other infrastructure fragments the fragi...
01 Nov 2002 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biodiversity loss: state and scenarios 2006 and 2050
These projections of biodiversity loss from 2000 to 2050 were produced by the GLOBIO consortium for UNEP's Global Environment Outlook 4. Across the GEO scenarios and regions, global biodiversity continues to be threatene...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic development scenarios, human impact in 2050
Human activities influence the environment and reduce the value of forests, tundra and plains in terms of original biodiversity and habitat. Primarily larger mammals are hit by the fragmentation caused by roads and pipel...
01 Nov 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Barren Lands
Deforestation is well known for aggravating erosion. Bare soil has no protection against heavy rain, washing away immediately. On hillsides, it readily turns into mudslides leaving people very little time to seek refuge ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal