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Forest cover in Zambezi Basin Countries Forest cover in Zambezi Basin Countries
The figure shows the changes in area covered by forest in the individual countries over the years.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Map of Tanzania Map of Tanzania
Total Area of Country: 945 087 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 27 300 (2.9%) National Population in 2010: 42 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 1 646 400 (03.92%) The United Republic of Tanzania, made up of mainland Tanganyika and the islands of Zanzibar, is surrounded by several large bodies of water including 1 300 km of coastline on the Indian Ocean and 2 375 km of shoreline along Africa’s three l...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Namibia Protected areas share of total land area in Namibia
Despite the arid climate, Namibia is home to abundant bio-diversity, including unique desertadapted ecological communities, mega fauna, and productive coastal fisheries. Namibia has one of the largest remaining populations of the highly endangered black rhinoceros, with about three-quarters of the national rhino population found in Etosha National Park. The Government of Namibia has maintained the size of protected areas since independence in 19...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Map of Mozambique Map of Mozambique
Total Area of Country: 799 390 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 163 800 (20.5%) National Population in 2010: 22.4 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 5 185 600 (23.15%) Mozambique borders the Indian Ocean to the east and its climate is generally tropical, although precipitation varies widely from north to south and from the coast to the inland areas. Drought in the southern regions and prolonged civil ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Mozambique Protected areas share of total land area in Mozambique
The extent of protected areas has risen slightly from 66 020 at the end of the war in 1992 to 67 300 by 2001, amounting to eight per cent of the total surface area as shown in this figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Map of Malawi Map of Malawi
Total Area of Country: 118 484 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 110 700 (93.4%) National Population in 2010: 13.9 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 13 050 000 (96.67%) Malawi is the most densely populated country in the Zambezi Basin. Its diverse physical features support a variety of flora and fauna. Lake Malawi extends over almost two-thirds of the eastern border area and with other water bodies co...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Malawi Protected areas share of total land area in Malawi
The extent of protected land area in Malawi has remained at 10 585 sq km since 1990, amounting to nine per cent of the total surface area in a densely populated country, as shown in the figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Map of Botswana Map of Botswana
Total Area of Country: 581 730 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 19 100 sq km (3.3 %) National Population in 2010: 1.8 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 13 140 (0.73%) Botswana is a semi-arid landlocked country situated on the central plateau of southern Africa, and encompasses most of the Kgalagadi Desert. The country receives little rainfall, experiences frequent droughts, and imports most food and ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Botwana Protected areas share of total land area in Botwana
The Government of Botswana has designated a sizeable portion of land area for conservation since before 1990. The protected areas in Botswana total 104,988 sq km, which is 18 per cent of the total surface area of the country, a significant proportion when compared to most other countries in the Basin, except for Zambia and Tanzania.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Map of Angola Map of Angola
Total Area of Country: 1 246 700 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 256 500 sq km (20.5%) National Population in 2010: 17.8 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 651 480 (03.66%) Although the Zambezi River rises in Zambia, part of its upper course is in northeastern Angola, which is the seventh largest country in Africa by area and has an Atlantic coastline of 1 650 km. The country has distinct and alterna...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Access to safe drinking water in Angola Access to safe drinking water in Angola
Large numbers of people were displaced during the war and moved to urban areas, living in overcrowded slums, where the infrastructure did not exist or could not cope with their influx. The sharp increase in access to safe drinking water by 2004 reflects the emergency assistance and humanitarian resources that flowed in following the peace agreement, but in some cases was not sustainable. Angola has witnessed improved access to sanitation in ...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in the number of threatened species in Angola Change in the number of threatened species in Angola
This figure shows the change in numbers of threatened species, indicating that this spiked at 71 in 2003 following the end of the war when some areas became more accessible and counts resumed. The 2008 figure shows a reduction in the number of threatened species to 63.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in biodiversity for selected species in Angola Change in biodiversity for selected species in Angola
This figure shows the percentage changes in biodiversity of some species, illustrating the reduction in diversity of mammals and molluscs, while others are steady or increasing (eg, birds).
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share total land area in Angola Protected areas share total land area in Angola
Another indicator of environmental sustainability is the proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected. The extent of the protected land area in Angola has remained the same since 1990, but there is little data available on the protection of Angola’s marine resources. The Southern Africa Environment Outlook shows that Angola’s protected areas total 81 812 sq km, an extensive area when compared to many other countries, but just seven perce...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon dioxide emissions in Angola Carbon dioxide emissions in Angola
Carbon emissions have not been a significant part of environmental monitoring in Angola as the potential is minimal when compared to industrialized countries, and estimated figures are still low, although increasing rapidly due to expansion in the exploitation and use of petroleum resources. This figure shows annual carbon emissions per capita.
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Land area covered by forests in Angola Land area covered by forests in Angola
Angola is the most densely forested country in the Basin (FAO 2010), including tropical rainforests in the north. While some Basin states had deforestation rates as high as 2.2 per cent, Angola shows a rate of between 0.1 and 0.2 per cent, although this is estimated as many of the forested areas were inaccessible for a long period. There has been no forestry inventory in Angola since independence in 1975, but the Ministry of Agriculture estimat...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Freshwater availability per capita in Zambezi River Basin countries Freshwater availability per capita in Zambezi River Basin countries
The water flow in the Zambezi river is estimated at 3 600 cu m per second. This represents about 87 mm/year of equivalent rainfall and less than 10 per cent of the average rainfall in the basin (Shela 2000). The average annual rainfall in the basin is about 950 mm/year (Mitchell 2004), but is unevenly distributed across the basin. The southern and western parts of the basin receive less rainfall than the northern and eastern parts. The more den...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Urban Population in Zambezi River Basin States Urban Population in Zambezi River Basin States
Zambezi River Basin countries share similar settlement patterns characterized by both low and high densities. While the basin is largely rural, urbanization rates are high. In Botswana and Angola, urban population constitute more than 60 per cent (SADC and SARDC 2008), and is projected to exceed 80 per cent by 2050 (UNHABITAT 2010). At just more than 25 per cent (UN-HABITAT 2010), Malawi is the least urbanized country in the basin, and yet the mo...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Annual Mean Temperature Changes for Kariba Annual Mean Temperature Changes for Kariba
The Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC states that global greenhouse gas emissions due to human activities grew by 70 per cent between 1970 and 2004 (IPCC 2009). The emission of greenhouse gases in one region may result in a temperature rise, with associated effects, in another region. Thus the high rate of greenhouse gas emissions across the world is partly the cause of the temperature rise of at least 0.5°C in southern Africa over the past ce...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Zambezi River runoff Zambezi River runoff
A major impact of the construction of the Kariba and Cahora Bassa dams from 1950–1970 was the reduction in the Zambezi River runoff. Before the dam construction, the Zambezi River was torrential with high flows during the wet season from November to March and relatively low flows in the dry season from April to October. On average, the river discharged 60 to 80 per cent of its mean annual flow during wet season. Since the dams were built, the w...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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