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Access to clean water and improved sanitation in Mozambique Access to clean water and improved sanitation in Mozambique
The proportion of the population with access to safe drinking water has increased significantly to 56 per cent in 2009, from 37.3 per cent in 1997. The national target for 2015 is 70 per cent. The proportion of the population with access to improved sanitation has increased from 40 per cent in 2003 to 45 per cent in 2009, with a target of 50 per cent for 2015. Thus, Mozambique is likely to meet the 2015 targets for access to water and sanitation...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Threatened Species in Mozambique Threatened Species in Mozambique
Mozambique is also rich in birdlife, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, but the number of threatened species recorded jumped from 41 in 1996 to 108 in 2003 as shown in this figure, in part due to greater access to areas of study.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Consumption of ozone layer depleting substances in Mozambique Consumption of ozone layer depleting substances in Mozambique
The extent of carbon emissions is not well documented in Mozambique and is not considered a significant factor in environmental sustainability. While the consumption of ozone depleting substances has been increasing slowly, this too has not been studied in depth and does not appear significant.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique
Mozambique lost 5.5 per cent of its forests in the 20 years between 1990 and 2010, but has since launched reforestation projects which have fostered denser forest cover in the wet and fertile regions while thin savannah vegetation characterizes the drier interior (Government of Mozambique 2010). This figure depicts the proportion of land area covered by forests.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria in Mozambique Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria in Mozambique
Mozambique’s geographical location has resulted in the occurrence of floods and environmentally related diseases such as malaria and cholera which pose a threat to human health. However, the prevalence and death rates associated with Malaria have been reduced significantly since 2003 and are expected to drop further by 2015.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Malawi Urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Malawi
The slum population as a proportion of total urban population in Malawi has been reduced by almost 30 per cent since 1990, from 94.6 per cent to 66.4 per cent, and is projected to reach 64.57 per cent by 2015, according to UN Habitat (2010.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Proportion of population with access to improve sanitation in Malawi Proportion of population with access to improve sanitation in Malawi
According to the Malawi Development Goals Report 2009, the country has already surpassed the MDGs targets for access to clean water and improved sanitation, and is well on its way to achieving 100 per cent for the latter.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Households with sustainable access to improved water source in Malawi Households with sustainable access to improved water source in Malawi
According to the Malawi Development Goals Report 2009, the country has already surpassed the MDGs targets for access to clean water and improved sanitation, and is well on its way to achieving 100 per cent for the latter.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Area protected to maintain biodiversity in Malawi Area protected to maintain biodiversity in Malawi
This figure shows the ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity. Malawi’s aquatic resources of over 1 000 fish species, which make up almost 15 per cent of global freshwater fish biodiversity, are under threat from water pollution and overfishing. Lake Malawi contains more unique fish species than any other lake in the world, and more than 90 per cent are endemic (CBD 2007), mainly from the family Cichlidae. The Shire River ba...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area Change in proportion of land area
Malawi is on track towards attaining half of the environmental sustainability indicators, although the land area covered by forest has declined from 32.9 percent in 1990 to 27.3 per cent in 2010. This decline can be attributed to fuelwood collection, subsistence and commercial agriculture (UNEP 2008). Tobacco farming, which accounts for almost 80 per cent of export earnings, is one of the major causes of deforestation. Government is committed to ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Botswana Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Botswana
The number of people living in slum conditions as a proportion of urban residents is high, according to UNEP (2008), and slowly increasing, as shown in the figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Population growth and urbanization in Botswana Population growth and urbanization in Botswana
The proportion of people living in urban areas is expected to increase from 57 per cent in 2005 to more than 70 per cent in 2030 (Government of Botswana 2009).
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Proportion of people using improved sanitation facility in Botswana Proportion of people using improved sanitation facility in Botswana
Due to deliberate policy and strategic action, Botswana is in the envious position of having met its water and sanitation targets well before the MDG targets and the timelines for its own Vision 2016. More than 90 per cent of the population in urban and rural areas has access to drinking water and sanitation.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Population using improved drinking water sources in Botswana Population using improved drinking water sources in Botswana
Due to deliberate policy and strategic action, Botswana is in the envious position of having met its water and sanitation targets well before the MDG targets and the timelines for its own Vision 2016. More than 90 per cent of the population in urban and rural areas has access to drinking water and sanitation.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Carbon dioxide emissions in Botswana Carbon dioxide emissions in Botswana
Botswana’s per capita carbon emissions levels are shown to be the highest in the region, as presented by the African Development Bank, but have not been a significant part of environmental monitoring at local level to date.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana
Some forest cover is lost to fuelwood that supplies 98 per cent of domestic energy in rural areas and 79 per cent in urban areas (Government of Botswana 2009), but timber operations have been banned since 1992, due to the poor forest resources base (SADC/ SARDC and others 2008). This figure shows the reduction in forest cover.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Cattle stocks in Botswana Cattle stocks in Botswana
Significant growth in cattle stocks has forced pastoralists to expand westward into the Kgalagadi, leading to vegetation loss and erosion of marginal lands. A gradual increase of cattle stock has been noted from 2002 to 2008 (Government of Botswana 2009), adding a total of 500 000 cattle to an already large national herd, as shown in this figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Total sturgeon catch in the Caspian Total sturgeon catch in the Caspian
Six sturgeon species are found in the Caspian Sea and its drainage basin: Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii), Persian sturgeon (A. persicus), Stellate sturgeon (A. stellatus), Ship sturgeon (A. nudiventris), Sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) and Beluga (Huso huso). The bulk of the world’s remaining stock of wild sturgeon resources is found in the Caspian, which also accounted in the past for between 80 and 90 per cent of total world caviar ...
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Historical decline of the Caspian seal (Pusa caspica) Historical decline of the Caspian seal (Pusa caspica)
It is unclear how many seals remain in the Caspian Sea. From a population estimated at more than one million in the early years of the twentieth century, population estimates now vary between 110 000 and 350 000. For more than 100 years, hunting of seal pups was carried out in the frozen North Caspian area each winter. In the early twentieth century, nearly 100 000 seals were hunted each year; later a quota was set at 40,000 pups per year, furt...
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Comb jelly (Mnemiopsis leidyi) abundance variation in the Caspian Sea Comb jelly (Mnemiopsis leidyi) abundance variation in the Caspian Sea
One Comb jelly species has been introduced into the Caspian Sea – Mnemiopsis leidyi. The invasion of this jelly during the late 1990s represents one of the main environmental issues in this unique ecosystem, and is considered as one of the world’s major marine ecosystem invasive species occurrences.
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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