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Total waste generation in selected OECD countries in mid-1990s
The Basel Convention has estimated the amount of hazardous and other waste generated for 2000 and 2001 at 318 and 338 millions tonnes respectively. However these figures are based on reports from only a third of the coun...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Soil polluting activities from selected sources
Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Ingesting, inhaling, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have accumulated soil contami...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Who gets the trash?
As we continually update and invent new products the life of the old ones is getting shorter and shorter. Like shipbreaking, e-waste recycling involves the major producers and users, shipping the obsolete products to As...
07 Nov 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions of organic water pollutants
Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, an...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mining waste rock
Regardless of the type of raw material, its extraction always comes with an environmental cost. Most mining leaves a lasting and damaging environmental footprint. For example, during the extraction of common metals like ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Changing percentages of selected municipal wastes
Municipal waste is everything collected and treated by municipalities. Only part of it is comes from households, the rest is generated by small businesses, commercial and other municipal activities. A typical trend: as c...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pesticides stockpiles in Africa
Mountains of obsolete pesticides are stockpiled in Africa. Problems with labelling, storage, and the supply of unsuitable products, means that they sit around unused, some for as long as 40 years. They include poisons lo...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mean nutrient concentration in the coast of Romania
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sturgeons distribution in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
25 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Drainage in the Black Sea Area
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Distribution of pollutant loads in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
01 Oct 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Map of The Black Sea basin
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pollution in the Black Sea Area
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Main crude and dirty product routes in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Species richness in countries of the Black Sea region
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Black Sea pipelines
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sosio-economic indicators for the countries of the Black Sea basin
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Evolution of the phytoplankton compostion in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
25 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Black Sea water indicators
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Oil transport in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Long term varioations in the biomass precentage of copepods in Sevastopol Bay
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Turbot distribution in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
25 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water Discharges measured by Biological Oxygen Demand
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish catch in the Black Sea over the last 30 years, Turkey and USSR
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total fertilizer consumption in the countries bordering the Black Sea in the 1990`s
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Changes in the spawning grounds of anchovy
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
25 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Oil inputs in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Phytoplankton pigments concentration in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
25 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Reduction of the Zernov`s Phyllophora fields in the Bay of Odessa
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population growth projections in the Black Sea region until 2030
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Long- term changes in the CHl-a levels in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Endangered species in the black sea region
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nutrients in the Varna Bay and the Romanian Black Sea costal area
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish catch in the Black Sea over the last 30 years
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fisheries under threat in the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Salinity of the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Monthly changes in the Danube discharge measured at the Ceatal Izmail station
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relationship between the decrease in Turkish anchovy catch and the growth of Mnemiopsis, 1968-1990
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Comparison of long-term variability of different characteristics of the Black Sea ecosystem
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish catch in the Black Sea over the last 30 years, Bulgaria and Romania
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Expansion of hypoxia and anoxia zones in the northwest of the Black Sea
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total fish catch in the Black Sea over the last 30 years
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish landings and fishing fleet in the Black Sea, 1975-1995
Illustration in a set of graphics prepared for a pilot assessment report on the Black Sea drainage basin, for the UNEP Global Impact on Waters Assessment (GIWA). All data and information were prepared in close collaborat...
07 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Species diversity in the world's seas
The graphic compares the amount of diversity of marine mammals, sharks, molluscs, birds, shrimp and lobsters in various sea regions. Coral reefs are among the most productive and diverse of all natural ecosystems. Recent...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Probability of gastroenteritis amongst bathers exposed to increasing faecal streptococci densities from samples taken at chest depth
The graphic shows the probability of aquiring gastroenteritis when bathing in water containing faecal contaminants. Gastroenteritis is the irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract. This condition may cause abdo...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World coal consumption
The graphic shows the world coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It shows trends from 1990 to 1999 and predicts the patterns to 2020. The predictions to 2020 show a decrease in coal co...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World population development
World population exceeded 6.1 billion individuals in 2001, and is growing at about 1.3 percent annually. Over sixty percent of the world’s population lives in Asia, 13 percent live in Africa and 12 percent live in Europe...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Wilderness in Norway 1900-1992
This map shows changes in wilderness areas in Norway from 1900 to 1992, and the sucessive decrease when human activities have expanded. Wilderness is defined as areas more than 5 km from roads, railways, power lines and ...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Antarctic Specially Protected Areas
The 1961 Antarctic treaty system, which governs the land and water south of 60 degrees latitude south, gives the environment an overall protection against human development. In addition, certain areas are specifically de...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World oil consumption
The graphic the world oil consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It shows trends from 1990 to 2001 and predicts the patterns to 2020. These predictions show an increase in total world oil con...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The decrease of Arctic sea ice, minimum extent in 1982 and 2007, and climate projections [Norwegian]
Sattelite observations of the september extent of sea ice in the Arctic shows in 2007 shows a 23% decrease from the previous minimum, in 2005, and 39% below the average minimum extent for the time period 1979-2000. The b...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions of CO2 per capita 1990 (selected countries)
The graph shows emissions of CO2 per capita 1990. CO2 can be emitted as byproduct from the use of fossil fuel, by combustion, land-use conversion and cement production. Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 are increasing, a...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global CFC production
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), along with other chlorine- and bromine-containing compounds, have been implicated in the accelerated depletion of ozone in the Earth's stratosphere. CFCs were developed in the early 1930s and ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total world CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil
The graphic shows the world's total CO2 emissions in million metric tonnes carbon equivalent. Broken down into categories of total fuel fossil emissions, oil, natural gas and coal. CO2 is one of the main greenhouse gases...
06 Nov 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected temperature changes, 2000 to 2100 scenario
Average temperatures changes in the world according to the GFDL model (doubling of CO2 and temperature increase by 3,7°C from 2000 to 2100). According to this model, the changes will be most severe in the Arctic and the ...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Consumption of commercial energy for selected regions
The graphic shows the amount of energy in gigajoules used by Africa and other parts of the world. North America is by far the biggest consumer of commercial energy, peaking at close to 350 gigajoules in 1995.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy supply in 1994
Shows Energy supply in 1994
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World fisheries and aquaculture production
Shows the amount, in million tonnes, of fish taken by capture and aquaculture fisheries, between the years 1950-1999. Also included is a diagram showing the percentage of the different types of aquaculture in 1998.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major River Systems in the Arctic
The Arctic has several of the world’s largest rivers.This graphic shows the major river systems of the Arctic and their annual discharges in cubic kilometres, and the catchment area of the Arctic Ocean. The major river s...
28 Sep 2005 - by CAFF (Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna); see source field
Global freshwater withdrawal
World map showing annual levels of renewable water resources for the year 2000 measured in cubic meters. The use of water varies greatly from country to country and from region to region. 'Withdrawal' refers to water tak...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global soil degradation
Overview of the state of global soil degradation in the world. The loss of arable land has been caused by a number of factors, many or most of which are tied to human development. The primary causes are deforestation, ov...
06 Nov 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Piscivore-zooplanktivore Index
Shows the Piscivore-zooplanktivore ratio between the years 1950-1995, in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean, and their relationship in the trophic composition of the ecosystem, which shows an ondulating trend, which has decrea...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in fertilizer use
Shows estimated growth in fertilizer use around the world. Compares statistics from 1959-1960, 1989-1990 to the prediction of 2020. Published in, 'GESAMP Report and studies number 71, Protecting the oceans from land-baes...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global fertilizer consumption
In recent years, there has been concern that the quantity of mineral fertilizers used in agriculture having adverse effects on the environment. Attention has been drawn to the fact that when nutrients are applied to crop...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Energy consumption, current and estimated trends, by region
The graphic shows energy consumption of oil, coal and natural gas in various regions around the world from 1990 to 2002 and predicts future consumption until 2020. Over the last decade developed countries have attempted...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Signatories to Aarhus convention (2001)
The Aarhus Convention is a new kind of environmental agreement. It links environmental rights and human rights. It acknowledges that we owe an obligation to future generations. It establishes that sustainable development...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Acid rain in Europe
Acid rain become a major transboundary enviromental issue in the late twentieth century. In Europe there were varying levels of the threat from acid rain. Poland were almost entire covered by medium to high risk of acid ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Deforestation in the Amazon region
The amount of deforestation in the Amazon region is increasing at an alarming rate. This graphic compares the amount of deforested areas in the Amazon region to region in Norway in order to show how much is being destroy...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Index for the World regions in 1994
The UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative benchmark indicator of living standards and development, taking into account poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, childbirth, and other factors for countr...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fynbos ecoregion in South Africa
The Fynbos ecoregion of South Africa stretches out in a coastal belt on the Western cape. This region is characterisied by heath- and shrubland and a mediterranean climate. Many of the plants inhabitating this ecoregion ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Long range transport of air pollutants to the Arctic
The major industrial areas of the Northern Hemisphere are a source for long range transport of pollutants. The main air currents are taking industrial air pollution and circulating them with the end result being an incre...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
unepmap_wed
About unepmap_wed
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CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil for selected regions
Graph showing the amount (in millions of metric tonnes) of CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil. Covers the years from 1990-2000 and predicts the trend to 2020. Information on the United States, Western Europe, Eastern E...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Billion Tree Campaign
01 Nov 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global environmental trends
Environmental degradation trends from all the continents are alarmingly increasing. This graphic presents the status by world regions, in four different categories, and for seven different types of environmental degradat...
01 Jan 1998 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Access to safe drinking water
There are currently more than 1000 million people in the world that lacks access to an easily accessible and safe water source, such as a connection to water mains or a protected well. Instead, water access is limited or...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global atmospheric concentration of CO2 1870-1990
Historically the developed countries of the world have emitted most of the anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The U.S. emits most in total, and is one of the countries with highest emissions per capita. China is the second ...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global International Water Assessment tools (GIWA)
The graphic shows the process of GIWA's assessment methodology and list the five main concerns dealing with water resources, which are freshwater shortage, pollution, habitat and community modification, unsustainable exp...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World consumption and prognoses of primary energy
The graphic shows the world oil, natural gas and coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. It Shows trends from 1990 to 2001, and predicts the patterns to 2020. The use of oil is predicted ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Coral reefs at risk from human activities
Population growth and technology: operating together these two factors account for the major causes of coral reef decline - excessive domestic and agricultural waste pouring into ocean waters, poor land-use practices tha...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Regional alkalinity trends
Measuring alkalinity determins a stream's ability to neutralize acidic pollution from rainfall or wastewater. Alkalinity refers to the ability of water to resist change in pH. The graphic shows global comparison of alkal...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Water poverty index, by country in 2002
Freshwater, as a natural resource, represents a fundamental key to sustainable livelihoods - for health, economy and development. The water poverty index (WPI) is an aggregate index, describing the lack of freshwater. Th...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arctic pelagic food web
The marine animal food chain is very complex and multilayered as are most food chains. This is a quick reference to represent the complete food chain in regards to pelagic crustaceans and invertebrates.
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Wilderness in Norway and Europe
This map shows wilderness in Norway and Svalbard. For the Norway map wilderness is defined as areas more than 5 km from roads, railways, power lines and other major man-made changes/installations. The European map uses a...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total energy supply in 1995
Total primary energy supply per capita is a common, albeit an imperfect measure of energy efficiency in a country. For instance, neither the impact of climate on energy use (heating, cooling) nor the size of the country ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in shipping
The graphic displays the development of seaborne trade in crude oil and products to other major bulks and dry goods. It covers the period from 1970 to 2000. The growth in maritime transportation is strongly correlated wi...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Contribution of fish to human diet
The percentage of fish to the total human diet from various regions in the world. Based on statistics from 1987 to 1989. Fish is the last wild meal in the human diet, but roughly two-thirds of the world’s major stocks ar...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sehukhuneland household surveys
For SEI
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The DPSIR Framework
DPSIR is a general framework for organising information and reporting about state of the environment covering Driving forces, Pressures, State of the environment, Impacts and Responses. The idea of the framework was howe...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Regional trends in biological oxygen demand
The graphic is a global comparison of the biological oxygen demand measured in milligrams per litre. It covers the years from 1976 - 2000. The biological oxygen demand refers to the amount of oxygen required by aerobic m...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The Antarctic convergence
The Antarctic convergence represents an important climatic boundary between air and water masses, and is also an approximate boundary for the Southern Ocean, surrounding the Antarctic continent. The water around the land...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gross product per person 1950-1994
The graphic shows the evolution of gross world product per person from 1950 to 1994 in U.S Dollars. It clearly shows the steady and periodically dramatical growth of the gross world product per person since 1950.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change
2 thematical maps: (1) CO2 emissions from industrial processes (http://www.grida.no/climate/vital/09.htm): This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world. The significant part of carbon dioxide emiss...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in energy consumption
The graphic shows the total world energy consumption from 1970 to 2001, with projections to 2020. It shows the trend of increasing energy use since 1970, continuing until 2020. Over the last decade developed countries ha...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries
The graphic shows the trends in aid flow from 1990 to 1996 between private and public groups. Public aid largely refers to nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), made up of the deve...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tourism in the Antarctic
the graph shows the number of tourist and ships going to the Antarctic from 1981 to 1996. It shows a steady increase of both tourists and ships going to antarctica. Studies have been done to estimate the effects the incr...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ratio of discards from fisheries
The graphic shows the amount of discards in the fishing industry from 1988 to 1992. It is broken down into overall, fish, crustaceans and squid categories. Initiatives have been taken by several organisations, seeking to...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Loss of tropical forest in developing regions, 1980-1990
The graphic shows the amount and rate of deforestation in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa from 1980 to 1990. Tropical forests are earth's most complex biome in terms of both structure and spe...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal