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Child mortality rates Child mortality rates
Child mortality rates by cause and region, 2004. Source: WHO, 2008.
01 Mar 2010 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Converting water into red meat Converting water into red meat
Production of red meat has a significant demand on water with impacts on quality.
01 Mar 2010 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Logging in the Congo river basin forest Logging in the Congo river basin forest
China is the largest consumer of logs from the DRC, buying near 38% of the roundwood produced in official statistics in 2008 (Ministère des Eaux, Forêts, Chasses et Pêches du DRC, 2009). However, the official numbers only reflect approximately half of what is being cut, the remaining illegally, often transported across borders to neighboring countries.
17 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Mining the conflict - Importing from Kivu war zone Mining the conflict - Importing from Kivu war zone
Accessibility to minerals and illegal exploitation has been central in the conflict and in financing continued warfare in the DRC.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Mining the forest Mining the forest
Mining and deforestation.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Ebola - A Central Africa decennal course - 1994-2003 Ebola - A Central Africa decennal course - 1994-2003
Ebola epidemic outbreaks across the Congo Basin are a significant threat to gorillas, and also impact the few remaining populations less exposed to poaching and habitat loss.
06 Mar 2010 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The Walikale community gorilla reserve The Walikale community gorilla reserve
The Walikale community gorilla reserve.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Mineral deposits in eastern Congo Mineral deposits in eastern Congo
Mineral deposits in eastern Congo are at the heart of conflict and the continued unhindered transport across borders and the funds from companies based in the EU and Asia are key to the continuation of environmental crime, destruction of gorilla habitat and atrocities.
01 Mar 2010 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
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Corporation Corporation
Multinational companies in the EU and in Asia, among other, operate through subsidiary companies in the DRC region and contribute directly or most often indirectly with funds for financing the illegal exploitation of resources in the DRC – without criminal investigations.
01 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius
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Wood exports from Congo Basin Wood exports from Congo Basin
Companies originating in the EU, and companies based in Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Hong Kong (China), India, Malaysia, Thailand, Rwanda, South Africa, Switzerland, The Netherlands, The Russian Federation, The United Arab Emirates, and the UK and Northern Ireland are involved in exporting minerals and timber from conflict regions in the DRC (UNSC, 2008). Principle export points are Mombasa and Dar Es Salaam.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Taxation system in eastern DR Congo conflict zone - Part of CNDP incomes from local resources Taxation system in eastern DR Congo conflict zone - Part of CNDP incomes from local resources
Militias and collaborating subsidiary companies or dealers are involved in everything from road “taxes” and “taxes” on local impoverished populations to massive scale exploitation of minerals, timber and charcoal.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Corruption Corruption
Even though the logging concessions fall out- side of the protected areas, it is not uncommon – due to lack of resources for enforcement – that companies log inside protected areas, where often more valuable timber is present, and export this as part of their legal conces- sions – many however with at least 50% underreporting.
01 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius
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Charcoal illegal trade Charcoal illegal trade
As valuable timber becomes rare outside of parks, militias enter parks and illegally cut and produce charcoal inside parks – even the best protected park of the Virungas housing large shares of the Worlds remaining mountain gorilla popula- tion. Rangers here destroyed over a thousand kilns for charcoal inside the park in 2009.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccaro Pravettoni
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Charcoal business in Virunga area Charcoal business in Virunga area
Charcoal business in the Virunga area.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Under siege - Gorrila territory affected by war, mining and logging Under siege - Gorrila territory affected by war, mining and logging
The pressure on protected areas by militias and refugees in Eastern DRC.
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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The bushmeat chain reaction The bushmeat chain reaction
As many of the parks and surrounding forests have lost 50–80% of their wildlife species, typically antelopes, zebras and other ungulates, the poachers are increasingly targeting primates including gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees. A significant demand comes from bushmeat hunters to supply militias, refugee camps and mining and logging camps, where much of the work- force is forced. Thirty-four million people living in the forests of Central Afri...
01 Mar 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
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Invasive species response to climate change - Hydrilla spp, current and 2080 habitat suitability Invasive species response to climate change - Hydrilla spp, current and 2080 habitat suitability
As climate change alters Arctic ecosystems and enables greater human activity, biological invasions are likely to increase in the Arctic. To some extent, Arctic terrestrial ecosystems may be predisposed to invasion because many invasive plants are adapted to open disturbed areas. Range map scenarios developed for 16 highly invasive plants either occurring in or at risk of invading Alaska also paint a sobering outlook for the future. This map dep...
17 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius, GRID-Arendal & CAFF
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Trends in vegetation biomass, Ellsmere Island 1995-2007 Trends in vegetation biomass, Ellsmere Island 1995-2007
Data from many sources and at several scales suggest that recent climate change is already affecting terrestrial Arctic ecosystems. Comparisons of historical and contemporary aerial photographs provide evidence that Arctic vegetation has already undergone significant shifts in recent decades, foreshadowing changes that are likely to come. In a repeated measurement study conducted on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada, over a period of 13 years, t...
17 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius, GRID-Arendal & CAFF
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Definition of the geographic areas covered in the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment Definition of the geographic areas covered in the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment
The Arctic Council study on trends in the polar ecosystems - the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) focuses on the areas displayed in this map. The high- and low Arctic regions are defined from the bioclimatic zones in the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM), while the sub-Arctic zone is the area definition that has been used int he Arctic Council.
17 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius, GRID-Arendal & CAFF
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Disappearing lakes - Old Crow Basin, Canada (1951-2001) Disappearing lakes - Old Crow Basin, Canada (1951-2001)
The Arctic contains a variety of types of lakes but overall, it is thermokarst lakes and ponds that are the most abundant and productive aquatic ecosystems in the Arctic. They are found extensively in the lowland regions of western and northern Alaska, Canada and Siberia. These (i.e., thaw) lakes are most commonly formed by the thaw of ice-rich permafrost, which leads to the collapse of ground levels and ponding of surface water in the depression...
17 Mar 2010 - by Hugo Ahlenius, GRID-Arendal & CAFF
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