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BSR SO2 and NOx emissions since 1990
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows SO2 and NOx emissions since 1990 in the Bal...
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
BSR Road traffic fatalities
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000) The graphic shows BSR road traffic fatalities.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Biodiveristy in Central Asia
Caspian and Balkhash endemic species are under threat of extinction. It is estimated that ten percent of total area needs to be protected in order to sustain development and the countries of the region are seriously behi...
14 Feb 2006 - by I. Atamuradova, V. Yemelin, P. Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries (slide 4)
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries part 4. It illustrates positive and negative development in Nordic countries within areas such as timber resources and agricultural land resources.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental policy responses
This graphic shows the general responses to the need for policy from region to region around the world. The trend looks optimistic that many different types and level of policies are being implemented in most areas of th...
01 Jan 1998 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases have several anthropogenic sources inc...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in Nitrogen loads and concentrations, Baltic Sea, 1900-2030
The graphic show trends in Nitrogen loads and concentrations in the Baltic Sea from 1900 to 1995 with projections to 2030. The main source of nitrogen in soils is from organic matter. Nitrogen also comes from sources suc...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gross consumption of electricity in 1996 and prognoses until 2005
The graphic shows gross consumption of electricity in 1996 and prognoses until 2005. The projections to 2005 shows an increase from both 1996 and 2000 in the consumption of electricity in all the nordic countries.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fertilizer consumption in the Nordic countries, 1980-1996
The graph shows the consumption of fertilizers in the Nordic countries form 1980 to 1996 with projections to 2006. The fertilizers included are phosphate, Potash and Nitrogen which are the three most important nutrients ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in Phosphorus loads and concentrations, Baltic Sea, 1900-2030
The graphic shows trends in Phosphorus loads and concentrations in the Baltic Sea from 1900 to 1995 with projections to 2030. Phosphorus is an agricultural fertilizer. Phosphorus is produced in nature, but never in its p...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries ( I )
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries (I). It describes negative and postive developments in different areas such as climate change, emissions of CO2, Ozone layer depletion and emissions of various oth...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Estimated ground deposition of cesium-137 from nuclear-weapon fallout
The graph shows the estimated ground deposition of cesium-137 from nuclear weapon testing fallout. Cesium- 173 deposition from nuclear- weapon fallout have severe effects on human health. Based on estimaed doses to the A...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graphic shows electricity consumption by category in the Nordic countries in 1996. Developed countries, and Nordic nations in particular, have the highes energy consumption per capita in the world. Over the last deca...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries 3
This illustration shows positive and negative developments in areas such as household waste per capita, urban environment Quality, biodiversity and number of private and commercial cars, see the other illustrations in th...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity generation by sources in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graph shows the electricity generation by sources in the Nordic countries in 1996. Nordic countries have a highly developed energy marked, particularly in renewables, partly due to a high number of scientist working ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely produced by human activ...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries ( II )
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries (II). The graph demonstrates negative and positive environmental developments in areas such as marine water and discharges of Nitrogen, fresh water resources, and ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relative importance given to environmental issues
The graphic shows relative importance given to environmental issues in different regions of the world, listing Asia-Pacific and Europe as the regions with most environmental issues of critical importance.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in 1996
The graphic shows exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in 1996. The Nordic countries have a long tradition of cross-border cooperation in providing an efficient and reliable power supply. The main reason for ...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Relative trends in number of passenger cars - Nordic and Baltic countries (1980-1996)
The graph shows relative trends in number of passenger cars in Nordic and Baltic countries from 1980 to 1996. It shows a relatively stabil graph for the number of passenger cars in nordic countries, however, in the Balti...
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity consumption in kWh per capita
The graph shows the consumption of electricity in kWh per capita. The graph shows that developed countries, and Nordic nations in particular have the highest energy consumption per capita. Please note that this figure is...
01 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions
The graphic shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995, with projections to 2020. The main greenhouse gases are CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. GLobal warming is largely believed to be the re...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ground deposition of 137Cs after the Chernobyl accident
The Chernobyl nuclear accident was a devasting catastrophe with effects measurable over a huge distance. This map shows areas that have elevated levels of cesium 137 in Nordic area, in the years after the Chernobyl accid...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Exchange of electricity in the Nordic countries, 1996
The graph shows exchanges of electricity in the Nordic countries in TWh. The Nordic countries have a long tradition of cross-border cooperation in providing an efficient and reliable power supply. The main reason for the...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
CO2 air emissions by sources in 1995
The graph shows CO2 air emissions from selected countries by various sources in 1995. Among the anthropogenic sources of CO2 air emissions are fossil fuel combustion, cement production and land-use conversion.
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Dobris+3: overall pan-european assessment
The graph shows Dobris+3: overall pan-european assessment. It describes positive or negative developments within various environmental branches, such as climate change, biodiversity and urban environment, the occurence o...
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Danish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases in Denmark from 1990- 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communication to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely results of human activitie...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
PCB and DDT in Guillemot eggs, Baltic proper (1972-1994)
The graphic shows PCB and DDT in Guillemot eggs, Baltic proper (1972-1994). To assess the current contaminant pressure on the common guillemot (Uria aalge) living there, the amount of DDT and PCB in Guillemot eggs were m...
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Electricity consumption in Baltic region countries in 1995. in TWh
The graphic shows electricity consumption in Baltic region countries in 1995 in TWh. Russia and Germany are the biggest consumers of electricity overall, however it is worth noticing that Nordic nations by far have the h...
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, Finland
The graph shows Finnish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1980 to 1996 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely produced by human activit...
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Losses in windstorm catastrophes
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please not...
12 Feb 2006 - by GRID-Arendal
Threat of bad bugs
Locust invasions are a major threat to the agriculture, pasture, food security and social stability of rural populations occupying a very large area from Western Africa to Northern India. Large amounts of chemicals are b...
03 Oct 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural and industrial disasters
Some places are more prone to disaster than others. But that does it take to turn a cyclone into a disaster in one place and just a climatic event somewhere else? The main reasons are obvious enough. Economically deprive...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Preliminary assessment of the Himalaya region
Poster that was prepared as a proof of concept in the development of the GLOBIO2 model. The greater Himalayan region is a giant mega watershed with many areas with little development and this area harbours a massive amou...
26 Jan 2006 - by Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, Arctic Russia 2002 and scenarios
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe and Asia GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. Much of Arctic Russia is very sparsely populated and will remain one of the World's few wilderne...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius and Robert Barnes, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
barents2_scenario20y
About barents2_scenario20y
26 Jan 2006 - by
Preliminary assessment of the Amazonian region
Poster that was prepared as a proof of concept in the development of the GLOBIO2 model. The greater Amazonian region is a giant mega watershed with many remote areas with very little development and this area harbours a ...
26 Jan 2006 - by Maren Aschehoug, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
comparison2030
About comparison2030
26 Jan 2006 - by
Human impact, Norway 2002-2050 (with protected areas)
Analysis of the suggested development of impact on ecosystems through human activities. The GLOBIO-2 model uses settlements and infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines and powerlines as proxies for stress and fragmentat...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, Greater Asian Mountains region 2000 and scenarios for 2030
Changes in the Greater Asian Mountains area with reduced biodiversity and ecosystem function as a result of human development in infrastructure and associated resource exploitation between 2000 and 2030, given different ...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The encroachment of road networks in Northern Norway, 1940-2000
The development of human settlements and the road network linking them together are fragmenting natural habitats especially for larger mammals, such as bears, wolves or reindeer. The nature loses its status as wilderness...
26 Jan 2006 - by Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
timeseries_all
About timeseries_all
26 Jan 2006 - by
Human impact, Northern Norway 1600 and 2002-2052
Analysis of the suggested development of impact on ecosystems through human activities. The GLOBIO-2 model uses settlements and infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines and powerlines as proxies for stress and fragmentat...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Impact, Greater Asian Mountains region with specific examples
Presentation of areas where infrastructure development, intense land use or agriculture has resulted in biodiversity loss in the Greater Asiam Mountain region. The locations illustrate some of the great variety in the re...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Impact, Southern Norway 2002
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. In addition to the human impact on the mountains of Southern Norway this also displays selected protected...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
barents2_scenario30y
About barents2_scenario30y
26 Jan 2006 - by
Loss of Great Ape habitat 2002-2032 (Southeast Asia)
Based on population pressures the GLOBIO2 model has assessed the current and future human impacts on Great Ape (Orangutan) habitat in Southeast Asia. The remaining forests are projected to be subject to piecemal fragment...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Impact, Southern Norway 2052
Presentation of impact analysis from the Europe GLOBIO2 analysis and scenarios prepared for the GEO-3 publication. In addition to the human impact on the mountains of Southern Norway this also displays selected protected...
26 Jan 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Changes in biodiversity and ecosystems based on human impact 1990-2050
Modelling, using the GLOBIO1 model, over the Arctic, assessing the impacts on the environment based on infrastructure development between 1990 and 2050 in three different scenarios. The development of roads, pipelines an...
26 Jan 2006 - by Even Husby, Julien Rouaud, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
barents2_scenario0y
About barents2_scenario0y
26 Jan 2006 - by
Household survey sites in Sekhukhuneland
Household survey sites in Sekhukhuneland
07 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forest boundaries in Northern Scandinavia
Fennoscandia covers the northern region of scandinavia and the western part of the Barents region. The diferent types of forest covering and the political boundaries that are considered protected areas are shown on the m...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Transport routes of POP and concerned areas
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) mainly Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), are brought into the Barents region and the whole of the Arctic region from many different locations.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population centres in the Barents Region
The Barents Region is an European Region, populated by 4.4 million inhabitants. The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Dominating air currents
The pollution from industrialized nations are affecting the environment in the Arctic region. The main areas of indutrial activity in the northern hemisphere are spreading to specific areas in the Arctic though air curre...
04 Oct 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Ocean currents and sea ice extent
Arctic Ocean circulate in a large clockwise rotational pattern moving from east to west around the polar ice cap. This rotating pattern, known as a gyre, occurs as a result of the clockwise winds that typically occur in ...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ecosystems in Northern Scandinavia and Finland
The map shows the range of nine different ecosystem types across Fennoscandia, the northern region of scandinavia and the western part of the Barents region. The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Wes...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
SO2 air concentration
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a colourless gas with a sharp,irritating odour. It is produced from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) and the smelting of mineral ores that contain sulfur. There are several areas in the ...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forest damage due to air pollution
Air pollution has had an enormous impact of the forest in the Barents region. SPecifically there is alot of damage in Russia near the borders of Norway and Finland. The diagram shows areas of 'forest death' and the subse...
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Protected areas the Barents Region
There are pristine wilderness and unspoiled field and tundra landscapes, and the air and water in most parts of the Region is mainly clean. Several areas are protected for scientific research, park areas, and nature rese...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forests and ecozones in the Barents Region
The Barents region is in the Arctic and covers the area of Western Russia and the northern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway. This shows all the main ecozones of the region and their geographical coverage.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population density in the Baltic Sea drainage basin
The density of people per square kilometers have been calculated from various statistical sources, and displays the situation at approximately 1990. Population, and specifically cities, act as driving forces in regards t...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Arable land in the Baltic Sea region
Ratio of arable land out of total land use in the Baltic Sea drainage basin. Agriculture is one of the main contributors to the nutrient (in this case, primarily nitrogen) influx into the Baltic Sea, and thus a main driv...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Pasture Land - Baltic Sea drainage basin
Ratio of pasture land total land use in the Baltic Sea drainage basin. Agriculture is one of the main contributors to the nutrient (in this case, primarily nitrogen) influx into the Baltic Sea, and thus a main driver for...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Wetlands in the Baltic Sea drainage basin (BALANS)
Percentage of wetlands out of total land area for the Baltic Sea drainage basin. The ratios have been estimated from various sources, and resembles the situation at approximately 2000, and is calculated from the BALANS d...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2032 (policy first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 policy first scenario. This scenario suggest...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 1700 (approximately)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the situation as it could have been before the advent of industrialization, with very little...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human impact, year 2032 (sustainability first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario sugge...
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Official Development Assistance in 2004
Official development assistance, or foreign aid, consists of loans, grants, technical assistance and other forms of cooperation extended by governments to developing countries. A significant proportion of official develo...
01 Nov 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal (based on a graphic by Philippe Rekacewicz)
Toilets needed to meet the MDG sanitation target by 2015
Ensure environmental sustainability goal (goal 7) among the Millennium Development Goals address sanitation, through the target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forecast World 2015
What will the world situation, specifically related to development and environment, be in 2015? This graphic, in the form similar to a weather forecast, tries to paint out a likely future scenario, with both good and bad...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Lack of access to safe water
Ensure environmental sustainability goal (goal 7) among the Millennium Development Goals address sanitation, through the target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Reference map for Tahoua, Niger
This map displays the location of the city of Tahoua in the Central African country of Niger. The map also displays the location of Niger, and the capital of Niger (Nimey). Tahoua is located in the southwestern part of t...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania
In an effort to bring back life to the degraded and over-used lands of the poor Shinyanga region of Tanzania, the government has brought back the traditional practice of Ngitili. Vegetation and trees are nurtured in encl...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Urban population: status and trends
Since the dawn of civilization, people have been aggregating in towns and cities. This trend has reached an even higher rate with the dawn of industrialisation, and especially in developing countries, as seen in the grap...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Rainwater partitioning in India
India is facing a food supply challenge with more than one billion inhabitants, and out of them 35% below the poverty line. This analysis of the rainwater partitioning show that there is room for India to use more water ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gender equality and empowerment of women: education status
The Millennium Development Goal 3 address gender equality and empowerment of women. This map displays the status in 2001 of an indicator for target 4: 'Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, prefe...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nairobi - Interesting neighbours (golfcourses and slums)
Trends in development and urbanization show that the gaps between the rich and the poor is generally increasing world wide. This satellite image over Nairobi, Kenya highlights the location of golf courses and informal se...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Millennium Development Goals: 2005 Trends
The Millennium Development Goals, originally devised in 2001 together with the Millennium Declaration, outline a set of reachable and realistic goals and targets. There are eight goals, addressing various areas of develo...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World development: health and economy
By looking more closely at the regions we can see that the situation in the world is quite diverse. This chart portrays the status of development with two important parameters, health and economy. Regions, like Sub-Sahar...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World route map (World Summit 2005 and beyond)
This timeline, shaped as a subway map, takes a tongue-in-cheek look at international events in development and environment leading up to the Millennium Declaration, the 2005 World Summit and beyond, with a milestone set ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Reference map for the city of Malindi, Kenya
This map locates the city of Malindi (population approximatly 150 000 inhabitants) in Kenya. The city is located on the Kenyan coast, on the Indian Ocean. The map also displays a world map for further reference, as well ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major cities in the Andean community
The urbanisation of the population has been happening since the first city, and is rapidly increasing in rate - especially since the dawn of industrialization. The Andean community consists out of five countries: Venezue...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Temperature trends and projections
The global average surface temperature has increased over the 20th century by about 0.6 degrees Celsius. This increase in temperature is likely to have been the largest for any century in the last 1000 years. Evidence fr...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Variations of the Earth's surface temperature for the past 100 millions years
The global average surface temperature has increased over the 20th century by about 0.6 degrees Celsius. This increase in temperature is likely to have been the largest for any century in the last 1000 years.
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes
Shows the different levels of CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes from different regions. The major greenhouse gases are included within six sectors: Energy; Industrial Processes; Solvent and Ot...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Modeled temperature compared to observed temperature for the last 150 years
As we can see from models of temperature changes caused by natural forcing, we should have observed a decrease in the global average temperature lately, but we have not. We have observed an increase. A climate model c...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Back to the future: The science of building scenarios
Diagram showing four scenarios for the future each with different influences between market orientation and environmental, and regional and global. Then predictive charts show the scenarios in terms of emissions, concent...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation
The Kyoto Protocol is only a first step towards combating climate change. Drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions are required to avoid the most threatening consequences of global warming. Concerns are raised that...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global atmospheric concentration of CO2 (outtake)
Chart showing the increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere from 1870 to 2004 and predicted levels to the year 2100. Historically the developed countries of the world have emitted most of the anthropogenic greenhouse gas...
17 May 2005 - by GRID-Arendal
Climate change: processes, characteristics and threats
Most people have heard about climate change, they might even express a real concern about it, but how many would actually consider it a threat? Because the changes can be slow and sometimes difficult to identify within t...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mitigating climate change: cost in 2050 (out of GDP)
Global average GDP might be reduced by 1–4% if we reduce the emissions of CO2 so that we stabilize the concentration in the atmosphere at 450 ppmv. In 2003 the concentration was 375 ppmv. If we stabilise at higher concen...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Sensitivity, adaptability and vulnerability
Sensitivity is the degree to which a system is affected, either adversely or beneficially, by climate-related stimuli. Climate-related stimuli encompass all the elements of climate change, including mean climate characte...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Annual cycle of light in the Northern Arctic
The Arctic is often described as a place of utter darkness or white snow in winter and of midnight sun during the summertime. In fact, there are few places on Earth where the sun displays so much variation in colour due ...
17 May 2005 - by Beatrice Collignon, Sorbonne University
Major global bird migration routes to the Arctic
Bird species that migrate to the Arctic coasts and wetlands arrive from nearly every corner of the planet. During the summer, the sun never or nearly never sets, resulting in a short but intensive breeding season when m...
17 May 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Impact of Sea Level Rise in Banjul, Gambia
Climate change is expected to cause a rise in sea level. Sea level rise will have a significant impact on coastal areas, especially coastal megacities such as Banjul, the Gambia. This graphic shows the expected sea level...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Factors influencing the greenhouse effect
There are three main factors that directly influence the energy balance of the earth: the total energy influx, which depends on the earth's distance from the sun and on solar activity; the chemical composition of the atm...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
In the Grip of Malaria in Africa
There is increasing evidence that climate change has a significant role in causing malaria epidemics. As climatic conditions change, the locations of suitable breeding habitats for the mosquitoes that transmit malaria an...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal