Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
CARMA Network (private communication with Don Russell in 2009)
International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry. 2009. World Reindeer Husbandry Brochure. http://icr.arcticportal.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=226&Itemid=76%E2%8C%A9=en (Accessed February 9, 2010)
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
Wild caribou (rangifer) herds and areas of reindeer husbandry
Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Distribution and observed trends of wild Rangifer populations throughout the circumpolar Arctic (from The Circum Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Network, CARMA). Currently wild reindeer and caribou have declined by about 33% since populations (herds) peaked in the 1990s and early 2000s (3.8 million compared to 5.6 million) which followed almost universal increases in the 1970s and 1980s. In Arctic Eurasia reindeer herding represents a livelihood and cultural tradition of indigenous peoples, such as the Sami in Arctic Europe. Note: Wild boreal forest reindeer have not been mapped by CARMA and thus are not represented here.