Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network))
Jean Radvanyi, “La bataille des liaisons transasiatiques”, in Atlas du Monde diplomatique, Paris, January 2003; Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia (TRACECA), European Union, TACIS Programme, 2005.
Uploaded on Thursday 01 Mar 2012
Transportation projects converging on the Caspian
Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
The oil boom has changed the way the Caspian
Sea is used as a transport route. In the absence of an
agreement on the use of the seabed, including the laying of
pipelines, crude oil is transported in tanker wagons rolled
onto ferries or in small tankers. This has stimulated the
ferry business. The shipyards at Nizhny Novgorod have
recently delivered several 8 000 or 13 000 deadweight
tonnage tankers, the largest that can be used given the
limitations on access to the sea and its ports. Ferry
services connecting Aktau and Turkmenbashi to Baku,
and Olia to the coast of Iran are being supplemented by
coastal rail links, all impacting on and introducing new
risks to the natural and living environment of the growing
population in the coastal areas of the Caspian Sea.
The European Union’s TRACECA programme (TRAnsport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia) modernized the Baku-Turkmenbashi ferry line, for long the only one, and added a Baku-Aktau service to
Kazakhstan. To counter competition from this new Silk Road, Russia has launched a project to build a north-south link, connecting the Baltic and Russia to Iran and the Persian Gulf. It has opened a new port at Olia, on the Volga delta, connected to the river and canal system, and to the rail network that runs parallel to the river, providing for fast container transport. It
also has plans to supplement the maritime route by developing a coastal rail link, modernizing the existing track between Azerbaijan and Iran.